Monday, 19 March 2018

Domain Name, Web Hosting, Hosting Guides

ICANN has been strongly defending the newly approved proposal to introduce thousands of new Internet domain names. The California-based nonprofit was recently attacked by the Association of National Advertisers (ANA) in a letter expressing fervent concerns with the new policy. As a result, ICANN has publicly defended the process and policy.

Association of National Advertisers

The ANA consists of major U.S. corporations such as Apple, Home Depot and Verizon who raised many issues with the most critical being that the trademark owners are required to defend their brands as a result of the introduction of so many new domain names and extensions. They indicated that the expense to conduct such a task will be extraordinary.

Opposition of the New System

Furthermore, the association argues that many companies will be compelled to apply for the all new top-level domains related to their business at $185,000 per domain name. Additionally, the ANA claims ICANN is failing to follow its own rules by requiring that its policies are to be adopted through a bottom-up consensus process. Therefore, the organization has called on ICANN to withdraw the proposal or work in conjunction with trademark owners to revise it.

ICANN’s Response

ICANN sent a written response to the ANA that noted Internet stakeholders have had ample time to comment on the new proposal. Also, they stated that many of the suggestions proposed by the ANA were included in the final proposal, approved June 2011.

Statement from the CEO

The CEO of ICANN quantified that the declarations in the statement from ANA were problematic in several ways with the most sever mischaracterizations regarding the ICANN approval process. The domain name process has been developed over six years of implementation planning and policy. There have been a variety of significant actions taken to find equilibrium amongst all vested parties while protecting them.

He additionally stated that ICANN will vigorously defend the model while defending its duty to act in accordance with the established bottom-up process. Additionally, this covers the broad public interest of the entire global Internet community as opposed to the interests of specific parties or groups.

ICANN knew once the process was released to the public and commercial entities that they would be vigorously defending it to ensure its implementation. Although there are only several months until the registration officially opens, there will definitely be additional controversies that are publicly announced.

Friday, 16 March 2018

File Hosting, Cloud Computing, Web Hosting, Cloud Hosting

In an age when digital file sharing has become the norm among businesses and individuals alike, it's easy to get swept away with catchphrases like "cloud computing" and "file hosting." These buzzwords often get people excited about products they don't fully understand. Many people assume that file hosting and cloud services are interchangeable; what they don't realize is that each comes with a set of pros and cons, and each actually differ in a few key ways. The following guide outlines the benefits and drawbacks to file hosting services and cloud storage networks.

File Hosting vs. "The Cloud"

For starters, file hosting services provide a broad range of services to businesses, including building an intranet and managing an overall internal network. These services have existed for decades, ever since businesses turned to the Internet for storage solutions and project management. Conversely, cloud computing is a relatively new phenomenon that many traditional hosting services claim as their own. In reality, cloud computing has an even broader scope, meaning that it connects with all aspects of a company’s software and computing to provide file sharing across a huge spectrum. If people think of a cloud as a literal cloud, or nebulous entity, then it will help them to understand the difference. File hosting is more localized and focused on an internal basis of getting everyone in an office complex on the same page. Cloud computing goes beyond this.

File Sharing: Pros & Cons

Pros: File sharing allows businesses the option of a personalized team of experts handling a specific network. For smaller companies, file sharing makes more practical and fiscal sense in that they can choose a platform that works for them without paying for extra unnecessary services. Because file sharing is an industry standard among IT personnel, companies won’t have as much trouble fixing problems when they arise.

Cons: File sharing is limited in its scope, which is why cloud computing came about in the first place. Businesses may think they’re getting a comprehensive sharing solution only to discover that the hosting site doesn’t work between servers and software. For example, Microsoft Outlook often has trouble connecting with Mozilla Firefox, so companies that utilize these services may have issues.

Cloud Computing: Pros & Cons

Pros: Cloud computing works across all platforms because it is not a locally stored piece of technology but rather an intangible network of shared information. While it shares some characteristics with its file sharing predecessor, cloud computing takes the information to the next level by offering practically unlimited space depending on the services a business chooses.

Cons: Cloud computing offers somewhat of a risk due to its nature of being intangible. Many businesses who choose to utilize a cloud computing site take a chance by hosting their entire network on something that is remotely monitored. In lieu of hiring IT professionals, some companies may rely solely on their cloud computing company to handle their technical snafus, only to discover that they need a real person with working knowledge to solve some issues.

Some argue that the major con for both file sharing and cloud computing is the shift away from IT staff entirely, which causes a company to spend more money over time fixing problems that a trained technician should handle. Still, cloud computing and file sharing provide many benefits to businesses, large and small, that want to get more work done easily and efficiently. With customer integration and customizable plans, some businesses would do well to choose either type of remote network capabilities to save money on costly project management software packages. As technology continues to develop, more cloud-based computing will inevitably supersede traditional means.

Wednesday, 14 March 2018

Shared Web Hosting, Web Hosting, Web Hosting Guides

Shared web hosting is the most popular hosting solution purchased from hundreds of web host companies all over the world. The sheer size of the huge market of shared solutions often causes problems to customers since most people purchasing shared plans are new to web technologies, and usually do not know what to pay look for when choosing a good hosting package.

How to Choose Proper Web Hosting Package

Web hosting is a complex of functions and hardware features; thus, you need to understand some technical processes in order to find for a proper solution. The system is not complicated at all—you just have to keep in mind that the abundance of unlimited features awarded by a certain web host does not mean that their shared plan is exactly what you need. Of course, it would be great if you could just consult a web master who would explain what features you will need for this or that online project. If you don't have that option, read on to understand some key facts about shared hosting plans and choose a proper solution.

Key Features of Shared Hosting

Here are five most relevant features included into shared hosting packages:

The Essentials: Disk Space & Traffic

Let's start with the basics. When you want to host a website on the web, you need some disk space that will be used for things like different code files, databases, and media. That's when you need a certain amount of disk space. Logically, the smaller your website is, the less importance this feature has. Now that you have hosted some files and made them into a website, you will want users to access that data. That's when bandwidth comes in. Imagine a tunnel: the wider the tunnel is, the more information can pass through it. Bandwidth works the same way. Many web hosts offer unlimited bandwidth but restrict traffic speed, which can also influence the performance of your website. Pay attention to bandwidth and traffic speed when searching for a good shared plan. Again, the bigger your website will be, the more disk space you will need. Additional hard drive security is very good, but typically this feature is not included in shared packages.


Uptime is the time when your website works online and when users can access the site without any problems. It is usually measured in percentages from the total expected uptime (twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week). Of course, it depends if your website has to be online one hundred percent of the time.. Normally, if you purchase shared hosting, your project is not too big, so you don't really need 100% uptime. In such cases, the level of 98% is common. When choosing a hosting plan, do not pay much attention to what companies say about their uptime-- they only use best servers for their company website while you may get a worse one. Still, if you want to know the actual online rate, use some independent web projects to measure this number for you; likewise, you can check out some forums or ask you friends for advice. You also have to pay attention to different security features included in the plan, which will ensure better safety for your server. Be aware that most web host companies do not include pricey security options into cheap shared plans (for example, your server will be more secure if the package includes RAID, server backup, manual server restart, advanced network architecture, or other similar services).


Support is extremely important. If you are new to web hosting, support will be your eyes, hands, and everything else. That's why we advise that you browse the web and check different reviews for information about support of your web host candidates. Also browse through forums where users discuss web hosting to give you an insider’s review. Why is support so important? When making your first steps in hosting management, you will have many questions, and many of them will require immediate answers--that's why the working speed of customer support is so crucial.

Pre-Installed Apps

Many web host companies include so many additional features into their shared plans that it's becomes a giant mess. They will offer some unlimited options, pre-installed apps, extra-fee services, and the like. Concentrate on the pre-installed apps, which are special widgets that help you create a website quickly and manage it more efficiently. One of the most basic apps is the control panel. If your shared plan includes a control panel, you can breathe a sigh of relief. Life gets much easier with one, as you will be able to control the most complicated server processes through a very convenient interface. The most popular control panel is cPanel, but some web hosts of will offer you an alternative — Zpanel, Webmin, Virtualmin, or even their own customized control panel (which is not always so good as it sounds). Now, most control panels have some apps and add-ons pre-installed, so you can switch some important functions on with only one click, like eCommerce tools such as payment instruments or shopping carts. You can also have a CMS like WordPress or Joomla available for quick automatic installation. Note that all those extras are only reasonable if you need them. If you have someone make you a promo website or a portfolio, most of those features are not necessary.

Free Bonuses

Finally, we get to the sweetest thing about shared plans. Since the market of shared web hosting is so big, different companies try to attract more clients by offering free bonuses. Some of them will offer a free domain name, website transfer, site-building tools, or some other nice features. Of course, this great and convenient, so the more free bonuses you get, the better the deal. When it comes to free bonuses, the main item that needs your attention is the so-called “renewal fees.” What happens here is that the company will grant you the first year of domain usage free, but later on you will have to pay yearly fees. As always, examine the user agreement thoroughly if a company offers you free features. Choosing a shared package is very subjective. You have to spend some time considering the requirements for your website so that you know what features are priorities and what features are non-essentials. Remember to keep pricing and reliability at the forefront.Your web host must have a good reliability-price ratio.

Monday, 12 March 2018

E-Commerce Hosting, Web Hosting, Hosting Guides

E-commerce has revolutionized the concept of conducting business by providing equal chance to all the businesses to mark their global presence. It has also eased the customers with online shopping and easy transactions. With the introduction of e-commerce business, communication has become effortless and has also changed a lot in recent years for the better. Still, there are people who think that conventional business practices are far better then the e-commerce business. Here, we are bringing you some of the benefits and limitations of e-commerce that will make you aware of the certain aspects of this new trend of conducting business.


Expands the reach of your business to the global market :- The foremost advantage of e-commerce is that it empowers the business to reach the global market. E-commerce caters to the demands of national as well as international business simultaneously and brings your business activities out of geographical boundaries. With e-commerce, even small businesses get the access to the global market.

◈ Round the clock availability :- E-commerce has abolished time restrictions on business activities because with this you can execute business transactions 24X7. The time factor significantly turns into the increment in sales as well as profits.

◈ Gives freedom to make choices :- It also gives customers an opportunity to look for cheaper and better quality products. With e-commerce, consumers can search the specific product or service they require and can even find the direct manufacturer from where they can purchase products at comparatively less price. Shopping online is time saving and convenient. In addition to it, you also get to see the reviews of other consumers that will help you in making beneficial purchase decision.

◈ Cost effective : - E-commerce is proved to be highly cost effective for business concerns as it cuts down the cost of marketing, processing, inventory management, customer care etc. It also reduces the burden of infrastructure required for conducting business. You can also collect and manage the information related to the customers efficiently, which in turn will assist you in developing efficient promotional strategy.


◈ Technological and inherent limitations :- The technological limitations of e-commerce have restricted a large number of people from using this revolutionizing technique. The major disadvantage of e-commerce is the limitation of the Internet, as it still has not touched the lives of every individual. Lack of knowledge restricts large number of people from using the internet and understanding online transactions. Some people refuse to trust the legitimacy of online business and some are not comfortable about disclosing their personal and confidential information online. Authenticity of e-commerce businesses has always remained in question.

◈ Not suitable for perishable commodities :- The biggest limitation of e-commerce is that it is not suitable for perishable goods and food items. For purchasing such items people prefer the conventional way of shopping. Along with that, the time period also plays a significant role in delivering goods to the customers. Customers may need to make lot of phone calls and e-mails for getting the products within the desired timeframe. Moreover, it becomes really troublesome to return the product or get refund in case if you are not satisfied with the product.

After evaluating the pros and cons of e-commerce, we can clearly state that the benefits of e-commerce are sufficient enough for overpowering the limitations. If apt strategies are followed and technical issues are addressed properly, you can easily build up the customers trust in your system. The present scenario of e-commerce can also be changed for good, so that it can easily adapt to the ever changing needs of the customers as well as of the world.

Saturday, 10 March 2018

DNS translates Internet domain & host names to IP addresses and vice versa, It can convert the names of domain we type in our Web browser address bar to IP addresses of web servers hosting those sites, Larger corporations use DNS to manage their own company intranet, Home networks use DNS when accessing the Internet but do not use it for managing the names of home computers.

DNS (Domain Name System)

DNS stands for Domain Name Service, It acts as a look-up table which allows the correct servers to be contacted when the user enters the URL into the Web browser, This transparent service offers the other features which are commonly used by the webmasters to organize their data infrastructure.

DNS runs on DNS servers, When the user enters the URL, such as, into the Web browser, The request is not directly sent to the Google servers, Instead, the request goes to the DNS server, that uses a look-up table to determine several pieces of information, most importantly the IP address of the website that is being requested, Then it forwards this request to the proper servers & returns the information requested to the user’s web browser.

DNS is the hierarchical naming system for the computer systems, the services or for any resources participating in the internet, Many information with domain names is assigned to each of the participants, It can translate the names of the domain into the binary identifiers that are associated with the equipment of the network to locate & address these devices.

How DNS works

DNS is the client/server network communication systems, DNS clients send the requests to and receive the responses from DNS servers, The requests containing the name, which result in an IP address being returned from the server, they are called forward DNS lookups, The requests containing IP address & resulting in the names that are called the reverse DNS lookups.

DNS contains support for caching the requests & for redundancy, Most network operating systems support configuration of primary, secondary and tertiary DNS servers, each of which can service initial requests from clients & it was designed to avoid a single large central database.

DNS Advantages

Domain Name System (DNS) is the centralized mechanism for resolving / giving the IP addresses for a given domain name, It is the system that helps you to find the website using your internet browser, When you click on your internet browser ( Internet Explorer, Safari, Firefox etc. ), You will be able to type the name of the website.

It is the only system of its kind that will allow you to browse & use the internet, Its use is necessary for most companies & the people across the world, Without this system it would be impossible for the people to access the internet & the internet has become an essential part of our society.

You do not need to memorize numbers, The domain names make / give a kind of sense to hyper the links when the name is given instead of a string of numbers, It is easy for categorizing, archiving & helping the search engines.

DNS enables you to specify the technical functionality of the database service, It can define the DNS protocol, the detailed specification of the data structures & the data communication exchanges used in the DNS, DNS is used as a form of load balancing or an additional layer of security.

Host-names & IP addresses are not required to match in a one-to-one relationship, Multiple host-names may correspond to a single IP address, that is useful in virtual hosting, in which many web sites are served from a single host, a single host-name may resolve to many IP addresses to facilitate fault tolerance & load distribution to multiple server instances across an enterprise or the global Internet.

DNS can enhance the security of your DNS infrastructure, It can allow the dynamic secure updates, It is more reliable, It can deliver the messages to the users with zero downtime, It is faster, It is connected well at intersections of internet, It enables the requests to be answered to the next closest node in the case of maintenance or downtime, It is smarter & It offers the automatic corrections of typos.

DNS Disadvantages

The hierarchial & centralized which breaks down the main objective of Internet which is designed to be a decentralized system, ICANN can control the DNS root registry that is a non profit private organization with ties to one specific nation & challenges the concept of net neutrality.

The breakdown of Domain Name System will crash the world wide web although there are many root servers & backup servers targetting DNS servers at particular key locations will do lot of harm, Spoofing DNS would lead to lot of crucial/private data ending up in wrong hands.

If the server or computer breaks then the web-page hosted by the server or computer cannot run, DNS issues can be difficult to troubleshoot due to its geographical & distributed nature, The clients can connect to their local network when DNS is broken, but they will be unable to reach the remote devices by their name.

DNS queries do not carry any information about the client that triggered the name resolution, The service-side DNS server knows only the network address of the DNS server that asks about the service location.

What is a DNS Server ?

The DNS server is the computer server which contains the database of public IP addresses & their associated host-names, It translates those common names to IP addresses as requested, DNS servers run special software & communicate with each other using special protocols.

The domain name system servers are the computers which host domain names & website information, So, when you type the website into your internet web-page, you are linking to another computer that holds all the information of the website you are looking for.

The servers link into the root computers across the world then collate internet websites & They allow the internet to run effectively, The other names for the DNS server include the name server & domain name system server.

DNS servers help the standard Internet users to use Internet resources without having to remember port numbers & IP addresses, Even similar services, such as different areas of the website may be hosted at different IP addresses for security reasons.

There are two DNS servers which are the primary & the secondary server, They are automatically configured on your computer when connecting to your ISP via DHCP, You can use two DNS servers, if one of them fails, So, the device will use the secondary server.

DNS servers disadvantages

When the DNS server can not find the correct IP address, The website will not load, As the computers communicate via IP addresses & not host-names, The computer doesn’t know what you’re trying to reach unless it can use an IP address.

If the malware changed your DNS server settings, entering the same URL might take you to a completely different website or to the website that looks like your bank website but really isn’t, It may record your username & password, giving the scammers all the information they need to access your bank account.

Malwares hijack some DNS servers to redirect the popular websites to ones that are full of the advertisements or fake virus websites that make you think you have to buy the program to clean the infected computer.

You should install an antivirus program so that malicious programs are caught before they can do any damage, You have to be aware of how the website looks, or you’re getting an invalid certificate message in your browser, it might be a sign that you’re on an imitation website.

Friday, 9 March 2018

Web Hosting Overselling, Web Hosting Learning, Web Hosting

Overselling is one of the common business practices that is prominent in many industries like travel industry, telecommunications industry, hospitality industry, IT industry etc. The technique of overselling is practiced for getting the maximum return on investment. The path of overselling is laid on the expectation that the customers will not take complete advantage of the resources available to them and they might cancel their services or bookings. The company sells more than the readily available resources and this ensures that the gap created in between the average use of the resources and the maximum allocation limit is filled. In some industries overselling is regulated and in case the customers are denied a service that they were expecting from the company, the company is liable to give compensation to the customers.

This is a grey area of businesses that is used for maximizing ROI. The practice of overselling also prevails in the web hosting industry and it has almost the same effects as that of the other industries.

What is web hosting overselling?

Overselling can be done for any web hosting type like shared hosting, reseller hosting, VPS hosting etc. Let’s consider the instance of shared hosting. In shared hosting many websites are hosted on one physical server and all the resources are pooled and distributed between the users of the same server. Even though every user is allocated a maximum limit of resources, the web hosting providers monitor the server usage on a regular basis and they know that all users are not utilizing the maximum available resources.

In reality, complete server resources are barely utilized by the users and if in case the server is under-allocated, the hosting provider will continue to add users to the server. In this case, the hosting provider is selling the resources that it no longer has, this is overselling.

Web hosting overselling has become more prominent with unlimited web hosting packages. In an unlimited web hosting package, the web hosting provider does not define the exact amount of resources that wall be allocated to each client. Even though the hosting package is promoted to be unlimited, this might not be the reality. Having said that, there are hosting providers that offer genuine unlimited web hosting packages as well. Therefore, it is important to read the terms of service (TOS) of the web hosting company before signing up for any unlimited web hosting package.

The web hosting providers that practice overselling rely on the thought that users are not very wise. If the user’s website is up and running, the load times seem to be ok and there are no downtimes or outages, then the user will continue to be happy with the service. If overselling is done to the extreme, it can have harmful effects on the quality of service provided. Hosting more and more users on a single server (crowding the users) until the server can no longer bear the load will result in a catastrophic situation and there will be many angry customers who will no longer trust the hosting provider.

While overselling is a way through which the hosting companies try to get more return out of their investment, it is a risky move and can cause long term damage to the name and trustworthiness of the hosting company.

Why do web hosting companies oversell?

Even though the web hosting industry is highly lucrative, it is highly competitive as well. If we analyze web hosting overselling though a pure business perspective, we can relate to it as it is the last resort that can fetch a high ROI. But when you look at it from an ethical point of view, the practice of overselling is risky and not fare.

Web hosting companies have to recover the costs that are incurred for advertising and promotions, affiliate programs etc. and one way to do this without increasing the costs of the services provided is to squeeze the server resources as much as possible. From the affordability point of view, even though a web hosting provider is overselling, it is not that the customer is losing out on anything. Not all the web hosting companies that practice overselling are bad, but if overselling is not managed and stopped at the right time, things can get out of control and there are possibilities of servers getting failed and services getting degraded.

Wednesday, 7 March 2018

Basically, this means that your website uses the virtual resources of several servers to accommodate all the aspects of hosting your site. The load is balanced, security is taken care of and hardware resources are available virtually so they can be used when needed. The cluster of servers is the cloud.

The term Cloud hosting origins from Cloud computing, where two and more computers are connected in a system. The servers included in this system are not simply bundled, processing different tasks, they are collaboratively processing redundant tasks and storing data parallel, which guarantees the security of your data and the flawless experience for your users or website visitors. Connected together they share resources and thus can act as a supercomputer. Cloud hosting today is based on the most innovative hosting technologies available right now and allows your files stored and your websites to be hosted on unlimited number of machines that act as one system.

The infrastructure is not limited to a singe server or data center as in the traditional hosting. In Cloud hosting the web hosting services like files storage, ftp, mail services run on many different servers. This separation ensures that if there is a failure in one device this will not cause a failure in the entire service.

Cloud Hosting, Hosting Guides, Web Hosting

In the Cloud there is an option to integrate additional resources if needed. RAM, disc space or bandwidth etc. can be added with few clicks and dismissed when no longer needed without financial loss. Thus Cloud hosting can be defined as a web hosting solution that provides resources on demand. It is dynamically scalable and customizable according to the needs of the customer. No large investments are required. Unnecessary resources can be removed without any cancellation or further fees.

Cloud Hosting, Hosting Guides, Web Hosting

How it Works

Public Cloud

Most examples of cloud hosting involve the use of public cloud models; hosting on virtual servers that pull resource from a pool of other publicly available virtual servers
The same public networks are used to transmit their data; data which is physically stored on the underlying shared servers which form the cloud resource
These public clouds will include some security measure to ensure that data is kept private, and would suffice for most installations

Private Cloud

Private clouds are more suitable where security and privacy is more of a concern
Private clouds use ring-fenced resources, such as servers and networks, whether located on site or with the cloud provider




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