Monday, 22 May 2017

DNS stands for domain name system, the largest database in the world, containing all registration information pertaining to every domain name in existence. A DNS server, also commonly referred to as a name server, is simply a web server that is equipped with software that allows it to connect and or interact with this database on a regular basis. Data contained within the domain name system includes but is not limited to information related to the web host, the domain registrant, and the active name servers for the domain. Every domain name has at least two name servers, provided by a hosting provider.

Understanding the Difference Between a Primary and Secondary DNS Server

Understanding Name Servers



There are literally tens of thousands of DNS servers located throughout the world that each contain a portion of the domain name system database. To maintain redundancy and security of this database there are also 13 root DNS servers that contain the entirety of the database on each server. There are two main types of DNS servers – primary DNS servers and secondary DNS servers. 

What are Primary DNS Servers?


A primary DNS server is responsible for reading data related to the domain zone. The primary server is also responsible for communicating with the secondary server. Data pertaining to the domain zone is specifically designated by server administrators, who instruct the server on how to communicate and interact with other web servers. The process of a primary web server communicating with the secondary server is known as a...

What are Secondary DNS Servers?


A secondary DNS server, also commonly referred to as a slave server, is responsible for obtaining zone data from the primary DNS server immediately after being set up. Each time a secondary DNS server functions it receives information from the primary DNS server. However, it should be noted that a secondary DNS server does not necessarily need to obtain information from a primary DNS server, as other secondary servers can be set up as...

So, What Exactly is DNS?




In the simplest definition, DNS is the term used to describe a system that assigns user-friendly names to unique IP addresses. It translates unfathomable amounts of data into words and phrases in order to provide clear and accurate search results.

Tuesday, 16 May 2017

If you're not a complete computer whiz, a lot of the tech terms thrown out by your web hosting service might confuse you. One term that could have you scratching your head is FTP, which stands for file transfer protocol. Although it might sound confusing and high-tech, FTP is a useful method to transfer files from one location to another without ever having to be physically connected via data sources. By understanding just how FTP came to be, you can see how it can come in handy when building sites and sharing files.

Web Hosting, FTP Technology, FTP

Initial Process


The original protocol for FTP was written in the golden age of computer: the 1970s. The first process was created by Abhay Bhushan, and kept in use for several years, until a new protocol was written in the early 1980s. That protocol remains in place today and is the one used to facilitate FTP around the world. While various programs and directories come into play, the same basic protocol remains the same.

Special Programs


Believe it or not, almost all basic computers come with an FTP program built in, known as the "client." Most basic clients are functional, but can be slow. Downloading a more sophisticated FTP client can result in faster download times, but unless you're doing heavy file sharing, the basic client that came with your computer should suffice for your needs. Clients allow you to see, browse and read various files and directories and when you do choose to download specific files, they are saved and opened through the client, which can then be transferred to your hard drive.

Security Issues


One of the main issues FTP has faced in the past is a question of security. Users can either make directories public or password-protected, both of which have specific pros and cons. While making FTP directories private can offer some security, every person who needs access to the directory will need the password. Additionally, it's possible to accidentally download corrupt and sometimes dangerous files if you don't know or trust the directory author.

FTP Applications


Security issues aside, FTP can be a helpful tool when designing and building a website, particularly if you need to transfer a great deal of large files, such as sound clips, videos and pictures. With all files in a directory, others can simply go into the directory and pick and choose the files they want to download. This is especially ideal if you're copying files to a new website and don't want to find and download each file individually. Thanks to advances in speed and sharing, FTP is faster and more convenient than ever.

Whether you're building a website, moving to a new web or domain host, or simply need to download a large file, FTP is the way to go. It efficiently displays all the files you need in one place. Armed with the right client, you have the ability to download files remotely, which could mean an end to emailed files, countless flash drives and too much time sending and receiving files individually.

Monday, 15 May 2017

From the time it was invented, FTP (File Transfer Protocol) has been used to move large files from one host to another by accessing the internet using an FTP hosting service.

This simple – and popular – tool has been the industry standard for moving files for decades. In 2011, FTP technology turned 40 years old, making it a dinosaur in the digital world. Since the technology was designed prior to the creation of encryption, FTP is not a secure protocol, especially by today's heavily regulated standards of security and compliance.

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Since FTP is not able to encrypt its traffic, its key weakness is that all data is fully exposed. Data is transmitted in simple text, allowing anyone to unleash packet capture (sniffing) that can intercept your data. This sniffing uncovers text-based usernames, passwords and data commands, and with your files just sitting out on an unsecure server, almost anyone can access and share your data.

But even with inadequate security measures in FTPs native state, you can solve security issues. By using TLS-protected (Transport Layer Security) versions of FTP hosting services, you can feel confident that your data is safe and maintain a good relationship with your IT team and compliance group.

Here are two widely accepted and implemented secure protocols that you need to look for when looking for the best FTP host.

FTPS


FTPS is a secure version of FTP, but it comes in two flavors: FTPS Explicit SSL and FTPS Implicit SSL. Both utilize SSL encryption (Secure Sockets Layer), which is the most basic form of internet communication security.

FTPS Explicit SSL is an added command that allows your FTP client to request that the file transfer be encrypted before a connection is opened. This happens when an “AUTH LS” command is sent by the server that is accessing files from another server. The server receiving the command has the option to accept or reject the connection based on whether the files are TLS-protected. Simply put, it creates a checkpoint at the point of entry, and if your files do not comply with the security protocols, they are turned away. If proper protocol is in place, the connection is opened and the files are allowed to enter the server.

FTPS Implicit SSL is much simpler than Explicit SSL, and it establishes a secure connection before any data is exchanged. If the data is not being transferred over a secure connection, then the files are refused. This is where the security protocol ends. While still in limited use, the added security of the Explicit SSL has widely rendered FTPS Implicit SSL obsolete.

SFTP


SFTP (SSH File Transfer Protocol) has little to do with FTP other than that it is used to transfer files from one network to another – and that is where the similarity ends. This form of file transfer uses Secure Shell (SSH) to make the exchange, which provides built-in encryption for both data and commands. Unlike FTPS, which provides security solely through the connection, SFTP provides security on the data layer. In this respect, standard FTP clients are not able to communicate with an SFTP server, nor can an SFTP client communicate with an FTP-only server.

SFTP web hosting clients with graphical user interfaces are available for all major platforms, and they allow you to use the file transfer client as a drag and drop interface, giving you a desktop-like environment that you'll need to authenticate with a username and password set up by the host.

When seeking out and selecting an FTP hosting service, be certain you choose one that provides options for the best layer of encryption, but also works with your own internal infrastructure and security processes. This technology may be antiquated by today’s standards, but it continues to be a workhorse for many users who move data from one place to another.

Wednesday, 10 May 2017

Perhaps we should begin with the three things that the two have in common: the web hosting provider, servers, and websites. Unfortunately, this is as far as the similarity goes. Whereas shared hosting can boast being the most popular of all the hosting plans, all its accolades fade when put against the new features that cloud hosting brings.

Key features we'll be looking out for include uptime, support, security, pricing, performance, speed, and bonuses. Each certainly fairs differently under each of these spaces and that's actually where the majority of the differences lie.

Although shared hosting has been part of web hosting history for the longest time, cloud hosting (or Cloud VPS) first came onto the web hosting scene in 1996. And since it came along, it has been gaining momentum. So let’s dissect the two, cloud hosting vs shared hosting, to see what sets them apart.

What Is Shared Hosting?


Cloud Hosting, Shared Hosting

Shared hosting refers to the hosting plan that has multiple websites hosted together and sharing resources on one server (disk space, storage, bandwidth and databases etc). Most, if not all the web hosting providers offer this hosting plan. Shared hosting requires a dedicated web server provided by the web hosting provider. Advocates for shared hosting appreciate its cheap cost and ease of use when it comes to features. It is however not the best option for websites with a lot of traffic.

What Is Cloud Hosting?


Cloud Hosting, Shared Hosting

Cloud hosting is whereby your website is hosted on a cluster of servers instead of having your site hosted on one server. In case of an issue, your site can be migrated to another server. Based on the cloud computing technology, it allows numerous machines to work in synchrony as one entity. The success of cloud hosting is guaranteed by the presence of many servers.

Proponents for cloud hosting love it for its speed and flexibility. In addition, engineers can quickly pull resources since high traffic is a norm for this hosting service. If you need more explanation about cloud hosting, please check out the following video:


Features of Cloud Vs Shared Web Hosting


Uptime

Shared hosting may guarantee 99.99% uptimes, however, it is challenging to live up to that. One major reason for this is the shared nature of the services. If one website experiences unprecedented high traffic could cause downtime issues with all the websites on that server.

Cloud hosting, on the other hand, has impeccable uptimes since the users are on a dedicated server. Even though there is an aspect of shared resources, problems on one server only mean websites are moved to another functioning server.

Support

Cloud hosting has an upper hand in this regard. Even the advanced users as well (those on cloud) tend to have more features. They have unlimited everything, from storage to bandwidth and databases.

Shared hosting is prone to more limits than the web host cares to divulge. Although the plan promises unlimited resources, if the monitoring team notices a user overusing the limited resources repercussions like suspensions can occur.

Bonuses

In this instance, shared hosting are clear winners. Since every web hosting company is trying to attract the huge client base of shared hosting, free bonuses abound for all. This can range from domain names to free web transfers and website builders. This is a plus for users on shared hosting.

Cloud users are not prone to such offers or have very limited options.

Benefits of Shared Web Hosting Vs Cloud Hosting


Security


Shared Hosting

In shared hosting, the security is based on databases and applications which make them vulnerable to hackers. This is because once one has access to one shared hosting server, it is easier to access the other websites on it. And once a website has been hacked into, most intruders leave a back door to gain entry again later.

Since the security threats on shared host are prevalent, most web hosts advise users to keep their computers safe using reliable update antiviruses like Norton Internet Security or Kaspersky Internet Security. They also advise on using strong passwords and keeping your cPanel password away from any files on your account. Also, disable unnecessary options on your PHP settings to enhance security.

Cloud Hosting

Cloud hosting security management deals with arising issues using security control. There are four major controls behind the architecture of cloud hosting security:

​Deterrent controls
Preventative controls
Detective controls
Corrective controls.

While cloud hosting services encounter traditional security issues like network eavesdropping, illegal invasion, and cloud-specific ones like abuse of cloud services and side channel attacks, the service has clamped down on data confidentiality, data access control, and data integrity. On top of that, the hosting service has also incorporated encrypted algorithms to further protect privacy and data.

Winner

Cloud hosting – for the simple reason that the service provides the users absolute control when it comes to security by virtue of having dedicated servers. In case of problems with hardware, your website is migrated to a stable server.

Performance


Shared Hosting

Even with custom built servers and SSD servers, the resources on shared hosting are a limiting factor that impedes speed. Although there are companies that have done very well in this aspect, most web hosts struggle with being able to offer adequate resources for this popular segment of their clientele. In addition, you may have to contend with issues of constant downtimes and outages.

Cloud Hosting

With cloud hosting, you can expect an ultra-fast, auto scalable and customizable platform. In instances of high traffic, the site doesn’t bulge. In fact, cloud hosting is recommended for sites that experience a lot of traffic

Winner

Cloud hosting – having a lot more resources at the user’s disposal provides them with the ability to perform at optimum.

Speed


Shared Hosting

The servers powering shared hosting are almost always full to capacity. This means that if one website gets a sudden influx of traffic, all the other websites are afflicted with slow speeds which translates to terrible load times. In case of slow speeds, user have to wait until the issue is resolved to resume their normal online presence.

Cloud Hosting

Once again, it all comes down to the distribution of resources. Servers running cloud hosting , on the other hand, allocate all their resources to one website: yours! Whenever a hardware issue is detected, your website doesn’t stay stuck in the nonfunctional server.

Winner

Cloud hosting – the availability of resources means you have enough at your disposal to keep your website running at excellent speeds.

Pricing


Shared Hosting

Sharing server space always translates to cheap prices for all the website hosted. This is because while the resources are shared, the cost of the service is also spread out across all on board. With shared hosts, the payment is done on a monthly basis or locked down for a year to three years. In fact, to enjoy the lowest prices, you may need to lock down a longer period.

Cloud Hosting

Most users of cloud hosting will tell you that they don’t pay for services on cloud hosting when they are not using them. Having said that, the cost will come down to how you build your infrastructure. If you have numerous apps in your cloud and don’t keep track of them, you will end up with an expensive bill. However, if you have clearly mapped out objectives for your cloud that you are following, you will have a leaner cheaper bill.

Winner

Shared hosting – Since the payment is done on a monthly or yearly basis, you do not run the risk of overusing resources and paying more.

Thursday, 4 May 2017

Introduction


Web hosting service providers offer two kinds of hosting: Linux hosting and Windows hosting. In general, Linux hosting refers to shared hosting, the most popular hosting service in the industry. In fact, most of the websites are now hosted using Linux hosting due to its affordable price and flexibility. Linux hosting is compatible with PHP and MySQL, which supports scripts such as WordPress, Zen Cart, and phpBB. Windows hosting, on the other hand, uses Windows as the servers' operating system and offers Windows-specific technologies such as ASP, .NET, Microsoft Access and Microsoft SQL server (MSSQL).

Web Hosting, Linux Web Hosting, Windows Web Hosting

Searching for web hosting companies will return a variety of results, displaying the various types of web hosting plans available. You may have done this before and encountered a few Linux web hosting plans. I am sure most of your are familiar with the Linux operating system, but for those of you who are not, Linux is the leading alternative to the Windows operating system, and is used by many companies around the world.

LAMP


All Linux web hosting plans include the LAMP software bundle. LAMP stands for Linux-Apache-MySQL-PHP/Perl/Python. Apache is a widely used open-source, multi-platform web server. Most Linux hosting plans use Apache servers. MySQL is a database that provides multiple users access to several online databases that are used to comprise the data of a website or network of websites. Any webmaster trying to utilize advanced website design of any kind will need a database of some sort.

PHP/Perl/Python


PHP/Perl/Python are all programming languages used in the production of advanced web applications. Almost all Linux web hosting solutions support PHP, while Perl and Python are not fully supported by all web hosting service providers. In fact, few web hosting companies actually provide support for the Perl and Python languages.

Linux Hosting Vs Windows Hosting


Without knowing the difference it can be a difficult decision to choose between Windows and Linux -based web hosting. The fact is, there is no major visual difference between the two on the surface, and most average users would not even notice the difference at first glance. However, there are some fundamental differences between the two that could affect your ultimate decision. For example, if you’re planning on using any Microsoft applications and programming tools likes Visual C++, Frontpage, or ASP.Net, then you may want to consider Windows-based web hosting.

Security and Performance


As far as security is concerned, Linux web hosting is considered to be safer than Windows-based web hosting. Therefore users can expect greater reliability and more uptime when using a Linux  hosting service. Linux servers can also run for a very long time without the need for a reboot, whereas Windows servers need to reboot after almost every upgrade.

Price


The most noticeable difference between the two for the average consumer is price. Linux web hosting is generally cheaper than Windows web hosting. If you are looking for a cheap deal on web hosting combined with reliability then you should consider Linux web hosting. If you absolutely need Microsoft application functionality, then perhaps Windows-based web hosting would be best for you.

Monday, 1 May 2017

Before hosting a web site on a web server so that millions around the world can view your site, a lot of efforts is made to provide the site with a good content. Experts are hired to provide a good and meaningful content to a site. A meaningful content attracts a user and provides him the necessary information. Millions of dollars are spent so as to promote a site. To continuously get traffic to a site, various techniques are practiced.

Top 10 Hosting, Compare Hosting, Web Hosting,

Advertisements are posted on the websites, and the sites earn a large amount of money from these advertisements. Companies today pay quite a sum of money to increase the ranking of their site. Apart from advertisements and promotions, a quality web hosting server is a necessity. Web hosting is a technique that facilitates the servers to host the site.

There are a number of companies that provide web hosting facility to users. Some of them provide the service for free while others charge you. However, it is advisable that you select a paid web hosting service as you will be provided with customer service and uptime guarantee, which is not the case with service providers that provide the facility for free. Also, if a person requires saving a large number of images and graphics, a free service will not serve the purpose. There are various kinds of web hosting, they are:

* Reseller hosting
* E-mail hosting
* Clustered hosting
* Free hosting
* File hosting

Since there are several web hosting companies available, you should select the best web hosting service provider. Narrow down the number of service providers as per your need and budget. The most important point to be kept in mind is not to subscribe for the feature that you may not use. It is advisable that you read blogs and web hosting reviews on the Internet. It will give you a true picture of the quality of the services provided by web hosts service providers.
The sites give rankings to a number of service providers on the basis of the feedbacks provided by the users.

Other factors that must be considered while subscribing to a web service provider are:

* reputation
* server space
* control panel
* bandwidth
* script access

The service providers should be compared on the basis of their customer service support staff, traffic, price and space. The additional features differ from one provider to another. It is recommended that you select the company that suits your needs instead of selecting a top web hosting service provider that may or may not be affordable.

There is a very high possibility that you may face problems in the web hosting process. In such a case, only a company that provides 24 hour customer service will be useful. Server space and bandwidth should be considered as per your usage. It is important to choose a good quality web hosting service provider as it increases effectiveness of your organization.

Friday, 28 April 2017

Adopting cloud computing services is a big decision for any business, regardless of how big your company is. Many companies can take advantage of the benefits of cloud computing, which can include a savings in resources, an increase in security and more flexibility for your employees and customers.

Top 10 Hosting, Compare Hosting, Hosting Guide

Cost


What your company spends on IT infrastructure can vary depending on how much data you store locally in your data center. Between the cost of equipment, such as servers and racks, space for the data center, power to run the servers and keep the server room cool, a high-speed connection and salaries for your IT team to keep everything maintained and running without a hitch, data centers can be pricey. Cloud providers help you keep these costs down because you're essentially renting all of the aforementioned equipment and services. Additionally, you won't have to worry about upgrading your hardware and software, which can be costly over time.

Scalability


Every business owner wants to expand, but with those growth spurts come growing pains. As your data storage needs increase, you need to invest in a larger data center. However, cloud computing companies make it easy for you to grow and not feel the pinch of a large investment in yet another server and rack. You can simply move over to the next cloud data storage plan and keep business going as usual. Similarly, if you need to upgrade applications your company uses, you won't have to purchase licenses and physical software for every employee's computer. If you make use of software as a service (SaaS), you only need to pay for the use of that software for each employee on a pay-as-you-go basis.

Support


When things go wrong with your data center   and this is an inevitability   you have to rely on your IT team to physically set things right again. If you use a virtual data center in the cloud, you get built-in support from the third party you pay to maintain your information. Alternatively, your IT team can have access from their own laptops or mobile devices to fix the issue.

Automation


Upgrades are a necessary part of technology. As improvements are made to applications, languages, operating systems and infrastructure, downtime is expected as those upgrades and patches are applied. When you host your data center, your IT team has to schedule around your normal business hours to make these changes. Cloud computing companies make it easier for you to schedule maintenance and upgrades without having to disrupt your employees' or customers' schedules. Automatic updates can be slated for the middle of the night or a weekend, or any other time that's suitable for your business.

Security


Regardless of how tight security is at your private data center, if it isn't your business' expertise, you're unlikely to be doing a better job than a cloud service. Cloud providers are in the business of storing data securely, so they're expected to offer the best encryption and security available. Additionally, data storage companies often offer daily, weekly or monthly backup options so that in the case of hardware or software failure, you can quickly and easily recover your data and apps.

As cloud services improve, more businesses are moving away from the traditional method of data storage and opting for the cost-effective and convenient option of virtual data storage. Plenty of plans exist to meet your company's specific needs, so you don't have to pay for more than what you need, or worry that your company will outgrow what's already available.

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