Monday, 22 November 2021

What is Website? 

Website is the collection of web pages, different multimedia content such as text, images, and videos which can be accessed by the URL which you can see in the address bar of the browser. For example: http://www.want2host.com/ 

How to access Websites? 

When we type a certain URL in a browser search bar, the browser requests the page from the Web server and the Web server returns the required web page and its content to the browser. Now, it differs how the server returns the information required in the case of static and dynamic websites. 

Types of Website: 

◉ Static Website

◉ Dynamic Website

Static Website: In Static Websites, Web pages are returned by the server which are prebuilt source code files built using simple languages such as HTML, CSS, or JavaScript. There is no processing of content on the server (according to the user) in Static Websites. Web pages are returned by the server with no change therefore, static Websites are fast. There is no interaction with databases. Also, they are less costly as the host does not need to support server-side processing with different languages. 

Static Website, Dynamic Website, Web Hosting, Web Hosting Reviews, Compare Web Hosting
Architecture of Static Website

Note: Static does not mean that it will not respond to user actions, These Websites are called static because these cannot be manipulated on the server or interact with databases (which is the case in Dynamic Websites). 

Dynamic Website: In Dynamic Websites, Web pages are returned by the server which are processed during runtime means they are not prebuilt web pages but they are built during runtime according to the user’s demand with the help of server-side scripting languages such as PHP, Node.js, ASP.NET and many more supported by the server. So, they are slower than static websites but updates and interaction with databases are possible. 

Dynamic Websites are used over Static Websites as updates can be done very easily as compared to static websites (Where altering in every page is required) but in Dynamic Websites, it is possible to do a common change once and it will reflect in all the web pages. 

Static Website, Dynamic Website, Web Hosting, Web Hosting Reviews, Compare Web Hosting
Architecture of Dynamic Website

Difference Between Static and Dynamic Websites:


Static Website Dynamic Website 
Content of Web pages can not be change at runtime.  Content of Web pages can be changed.
No interaction with database possible.  Interaction with database is possible 
It is faster to load as compared to dynamic website.  It is slower then static website. 
Cheaper Development costs.  More Development costs. 
No feature of Content Management.  Feature of Content Management System. 
HTML, CSS, Javascript is used for developing the website.  Server side languages such as PHP, Node.js are used. 
Same content is delivered everytime the page is loaded.  Server side languages such as PHP, Node.js are used. 

Thursday, 18 November 2021

Web Development has grabbed a lot of attention in today’s date. But the question arises, why has it gained such a massive audience in the last decade. So Here’s the answer: Web development is the basic building and maintenance of websites; it’s the whole procedure that happens to make a website look great, responsive, work smooth, and performing well with seamless user experience.

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Web developers use a variety of languages depending upon the tasks. Web Development is highly demanded mainly due to its high payscale worldwide. It is also among one of the easiest domain which doesn’t compulsorily requires a university degree to prove yourself qualified. Web development is generally divided into two major sections, namely: Front-end and Back-end. Front-end deals with what is user going to see whereas back-end deals with all the server related stuff. Now let’s deep dive into the interesting facts about Web development and web design:

1. First Impression is the Last Impression

It takes less than a second, for a user to make his/her view on the organization by its initial experience through its web page. It is very significant to make the first impression as the best for everyone who lands on the page with the help of adequate background theme, fonts, icon designs, color combinations, proper animations(if required), layout, and maintaining the sections of the page in a well-designed manner. The first and most significant role for standing out through digital means is played by Web Development.

2. Easy, Easier, Easiest

Web development uses HTML, CSS, and Javascript to create responsive and attractive websites which are far easier than software development or android application development comparatively because in the native applications code should be programmed according to the platform because of the significant difference in language and processes resulting extra resources and skills to be familiar with it. But a web page has just to be built once with cross-browser support which not only makes it ready to use in all devices but also reaches a greater number of audiences. After all, the number matters the most for an organization.

3. Interrelation of Code and SEO

Your website should be the one that can stand out there. Many developers do not keep this point in their mind while writing the codes but each word can have a great impact to affect the reach of the page. Source code should be written considering SEO(Search Engine Optimization) which increases the rankings in search engines. Page titles and tags should be focused on during development.

4. More the Lists and Lesser the Paragraphs

A Bulky page with gigantic paragraphs is SEO friendly, but too much text reduces the responsiveness and avoided by the users. No users would prefer to large texts but surely go throughout the page if the details are mentioned in the form of lists with sub-points, pointing out the specialties, and along with it proper multimedia materials make it better.

5. The Older, the Worst

An average lifespan of a website is between two or three years because digital technologies are continuously evolving. The aspects all over the internet never remain constant, so adapting to the change is necessary. Constant nurturing and modifications as per the trends are necessary to catch the audience.

6. You can Learn it All Within a Week

Learning Web development from scratch is not a tough task at all because HTML, CSS, and Javascript are far easier and one can easily get used to it within a week. After learning the fundamentals, making a normal responsive website is just a task of less than an hour. One can become an expert at it from a beginner in a short span due to which it has been a great choice among the developers to opt for.

7. Won’t Go Out of Your Budget

Building and Maintaining a responsive design and making the web page search engine friendly can do really for a lower cost as compared to native applications that require separate work for multiple platforms. The majority organization goes for a webpage rather than an android app to spread the brand to its target audience because it takes just seconds to load and run in any kind of device because of its cross-browser support. So you do not need to worry about the budget.

8. Targetting the DemoGraphics

Proper research of user demographics must be done and design must be presented according to it so that your larger group of audience connects well with your web page. Different places with different people and their different norms, due to which the reactions to technology might differ. Themes and page backgrounds should be considered by demographics.

9. Making it Go Better with the Smartphones

According to the research reports, two-thirds of the users surf the web pages on their smartphones. So it is necessary to use things such as CSS Flexbox or other tags which changes page as per the screen ratio and doesn’t compromise with the quality. All users surely might not be having desktop and laptops, so proper communication with the smartphone audience with the chatbot feature might play a good role.

10. Web Development is Not Web Design

Many people might think that web design and web development are synonyms of each other. That’s completely misleading. Web design is a subset of web development because the web developer has a lot more to do than just design and write code. Designers are those guys who are focused on the look and finish of a website; whereas web developers have a broader responsibility to make all the aspects(Back-end and Front-end) of the site perform in an error-free manner. These myths have been brought up because of similarness between front end development and web design.

All these facts must be kept in mind as you go forward for your web presence. Always try experimenting with innovative approaches but don’t forget to consider the facts. Now you must have been clear about what web developers do? Do web developers make big money? Why should I go for it? So don’t just sit, start learning and building web pages.

Source: geeksforgeeks.org

Monday, 15 November 2021

Website, Web Portal, Website and Web Portal, Web Hosting, Web Hosting Reviews, Compare Web Hosting


What is most confusing to people starting off their web journey is the difference between a website and a web portal. When asked to people who had layman knowledge on the subject, some were unable to hit the point, most of them said there was, however, no difference and there were some who had a very confused opinion on the subject. 

What we realized with our little experiment was people must understand deeply the concept of websites and web portals before they get all started on differentiating them, thus before we answer the title question; here is a close study on websites and web portals on their functionality, development process, frameworks popularly used to create them and their individual benefits. 

What is a Website?

When we google ‘website’, the very first definition we get from a reliable source such as Wikipedia is, ‘a website is a collection of related web pages, including multimedia content, typically identified with a common domain name, and published on at least one web server.’ To explain it further it is an interlinked collection of web pages grouped in various ways and together called as a website or simply a site. 

However still there is a lot of confusion, isn’t it? You might now ask what is a webpage? What is a web server? What is a domain name? etc. To drown out your confusion, a webpage is a document(page) or a hypertexted document connected to World Wide Web and can be displayed on a web browser like Chrome, Firefox, Internet Explorer, Edge, Safari, Opera, Bing, and others. A web server is web server is the computer that hosts the collection of web pages interlinked together or in one term we can say the website on the internet, on an identification string named as domain name. 

Moving on further, for once since you have got a little idea of what is website lest start by finding why actually a website is made and why it is so essential part of a business journey, in short here is are some of the functions of website that will help you understand its participation in an online business. 

Functions of Websites:  

◉ Tell Your Story: A website gives you the power to tell your clients about your services and products and help you engage them in long interaction to convince them to choose your company.

◉ Answer FAQ’s: Websites help you resolve confusion or questions asked by new clients that further can also become your most potent clients base. Thus, including these questions on your website help you attract better client force while reducing your and your clients time.

◉ Provide Clear Contact Details: The contact us page on your website is a gateway of better client force, it allows your clients to investigate details about various ways to contact you like your email address, your office address, phone number etc. Quit traditional ways now to help your business reach out to your clients on a platform which is highly trusted by everyone.

◉ Build Credibility: Build your website with a lot of professional edges, choose themes, functions, allow your websites to say it all about your products, services, your policies and your partnership and membership. In fact, you can also include a portfolio on your website that makes your clients rely more on you.

◉ Expand Your Client Base: With website and SEO activities you can increase your business visibility and create a good deal of client awareness around the globe.

◉ Process of website Development: The right way of building a website or the web development company approach gives a lot of definition to your development. The right way to build a good website includes the following steps: 1. Information gathering 2. Planning 3. Brainstorming 4. Content Writing 5. Coding 6. Testing, Review and Launch.

◉ Languages and Frameworks prominently used in developing websites: Our technology and web development world from the very beginning has seen the emergence and downfall of many web development languages and frameworks, of which some still prevail and rule while some have become a history. Some of the most prominently used old, new, contemporary languages and frameworks are 1. Java 2. Ruby 3. Python 4. PHP 5. CSS etc. 

These are some of the most widely used languages, but that’s not all they have different frameworks which makes development of different types of website easy. Some of them are 1. Django 2. Ruby on Rails 3. Symfony 4. Laravel 5. Bootstrap 6. CakePHP 7. Zend 8. CodeIgniter etc. You see the most widely used and trusted language is PHP which is recommended by many development companies and developers.

What is Web Portal?

This might come as a confusion, but Web Portal is a specially designed website that provides information catered from various sources such as emails, online forums, search engines on one platform, in a uniform way. It is a personalized and customized library that help in navigation and personalization of notifications that provide a well-integrated information from diverse sources with advance features such as task management, collaboration, business intelligence etc. 

Functions of Web Portal

◉ Upgrading your website: Web Portal development help you in improving the capability of the web pages that help you deliver a quality information, thus a web portal is the new world toolset that makes implementation of information better and behaves as a different communication approach.

◉ Improves Relations immensely: It helps in enhanced customer-company relations as it helps in improving their customer relations by providing high-end and filtered information on a user-friendly and comprehensive platform.

◉ Domain Specific: Domain Specific development of web portals helps you attract the users that seek information and services on that domain. Thus, helping you attract a particular area of domain.

◉ Interaction: When done efficiently web portal design services help you a lot in interacting better with your customers and clients. They help you make your web pages very interactive and target better to your audience.

◉ Process of web portal designing services: Web portal development and designing is a complex art as its functionality is highly difficult to render. The complex process of web portal development includes similar steps as website development. However, the difference is in its features, functionality, coding, testing and integration. Since we have covered the features and functionality let’s start with the languages and frameworks that are used dominantly in web portal development services by eminent web portal development companies and web portal developers.

◉ Languages and Frameworks prominently used in developing web portals: Since web portals are differently designed websites, the languages are similar that we use in building and web designing services in a website development. Thus, the top 10 frameworks that we use in building web portals are 1. AngularJS 2. Laravel 3. React.JS 4. NodeJS 5. Ruby on Rails 6. Symfony 7. Asp.Net 8. Yii 9. Metor.JS and 10. CakePHP.

Now The difference between Website and Webportal

Websites and web portals thus can be differentiated on different aspects, firstly websites are majorly focused on driving traffic while web portals are for limiting the traffic. Whereas the web portals require users to login while websites are open to being visited by any individual. 

Thus, on differentiating it based on their uses, a web portal is creating and attract a specific audience experience, control user’s functionality on your page, multiple source integrations to provide uniform information and other user management and permitting features. 

Website Web portal 
Location on internet, publicaly accessible with a unique URL(Web Address)  A private location on the internet it can be accessible with unique url and unique username and password
No any requirement of any login  Login required 
Any one can visit and can see content of website  Only member of the webportal having access can see the content of web portal 
Content does not change by different individuals  Dynamic content changes more frequently than typical websites 

Types:
   
Personal Websites Personal
Photo Sharing Websites Government
Writers / Authors Websites Cultural
Community Building Websites Corporate
Mobile Device Websites Stock
Blogging Websites Tender
Social Websites Hosted, Domain specific

The major reason behind building websites is to deliver products and services that help you in managing its content, perform SEO activities, add visibility on the internet, operate functions etc. 

Wrapping Up:

On final note we can say that differentiating websites and web portals can be a difficult task as both have same benefits, however, there functions draw a dark line between them which makes them clearly different from each other. 

In attempt to clear your confusion, the above article is targeted to various sections of development of websites and web portals that will further help you differentiate both web development practices to endure better business benefits.

Source: geeksforgeeks.org

Monday, 8 November 2021

Windows Communication Foundation (WCF):

WCF is used to create a distributed and interoperable Applications. It provides a framework which is used for building service-oriented-connected applications for the transmission of the data as an asynchronous, from one service-point to other service-point. Previously known as Indigo and is a framework for building, configuring, and deploying network-distributed services.

Web Application Programming Interface (Web API):

To create web applications ASP.NET provide the 3 development styles which are ASP.NET Web Pages, ASP.NET MVC, Web Forms.It is like a webservice or WCF service but the exception is that it only supports HTTP protocol.

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Difference between WCF and Web API:

WCF WEB API 
WCF ships with .NET framework to create secure, reliable, and high profile development solutions. While, WEB API is a open source and also ships with .NET framework.
WCF offers supports for limited RESTFUL service.  WEB API is ideal for building RESTFUL services. 
WCF used the web.config and attributes to configure a HttpConfiguration class  Web API can be configured using web.config service. 
It depend on the attributes based programming model.  WEB API maps http verbs to methods 
WCF does not provide any support for MVC features like controllers, routing, filter, auction results, etc.  ASP.NET Web API supports MVC features like routing, controllers, results, filter, action, etc. 
It is not open source software.  It is shipped with.Net framework.It is also available as an independent download. 
It rely on IIS hosting, Self-hosting & works activation services.  It rely on Self-hosting & IIS hosting.

Saturday, 6 November 2021

Web Hosting Server, Web Domain, Web Hosting, Web Hosting Reviews, Compare Web Hosting


“Today it’s not about ‘get the traffic’ — it’s about ‘get the targeted and relevant traffic.’” – Adam Audette

When we want to host business online then the things that come in mind are Which Domain name to buy? Which domain is good? What are its features? What is hosting? What is it’s use? And various other things. So, here are the answers to all these questions.

Web-Domain or Domain name is the name used in a website’s URL to identify any particular Web page. For example: www.want2host.com. Web server is a program which processes the network requests of the users and serves them with files that create web pages. This exchange takes place using Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP). In this virtual world, our website data is stored in the hosting server. Hosting Server is just like a computer that contains RAM, Processor, Hard Disk, Operating System etc that can be accessed remotely.

Factors that Decide which Domain to Buy:

Choose Simple Domain Name: Choose a short domain name that is easy to spell, pronounce and memorable. Always choose a domain name related to your work and if domain name is already taken by other users then use synonyms word to register domain.

◉ Avoid Hyphens and Numbers: It is good practice to ignore hyphens and numbers from domain name.

◉ Choose a best Domain Extension: Domain extension matters for marketing and customers purpose. It is highly recommended to use “.com” domain extension because most of the user familiar with .com extension. You can also use “.net, .org, etc.

◉ Customer Support: A company with a good customer support will be at more ease to work.

Transfer Price: If due to any reason you don’t like the domain company e.g. customer support is not good and if you wish to change your company then the extra amount paid to do that is transfer price.

How Website Works with Domain and Hosting ?

When we type URL in search box of browser then the browser send a request to its hosting provider and host send the response page to the browser and the website is downloaded by the browser and then it can be used further. So, the two things are uploading by the server and downloading by the browser.

Types of Web Hosting Servers:

◉ Dedicated Server: The Dedicated server means you are renting and using a complete server system. The cost of dedicated server is very high and the speed is also high. It is very secure because it is used by one company.

◉ Virtual Private Server (VPS): VPS share one physical server into multiple server and the shared server is acting like a separated server.

◉ Shared Server: The website is hosted on the server which is shared with other websites. The main advantage of shared hosting is its cheap price. The cost of shared hosting is very cheap in comparison of other hosting. The main drawback of shared hosting is its slow speed. The speed of website is very slow in shared hosting.

◉ Cloud Based Web Hosting: It is a hosting technology that lets hundreds of individual servers work together so that it looks like a big (giant) server. The main advantage of cloud-based web hosting is that its size can be modify according to server needs.

Factors that Decide which Hosting to Choose:

◉ Port Speed: It is another word for internet speed. Thus if the Internet Speed is high then the speed of uploading and downloading is also high.

◉ Data Cap: This is the transfer limit of the data provided by the server. After exceeding the limit charges are to be paid.

◉ Operating System: It has to be checked if there are some particular software’s used in website which are only available in selected operating system then opt for that operating system. Example: if you want to design a website in WordPress then LINUX OS works good and is also free.

◉ RAM & Processing Power: The requirements of RAM and processing power in a website can be done with the help of server. A shared server can handle about 1000 users at a time above it VPS server will be required and after some limit dedicated server will work.

◉ Input Output operations: In RAM, there is an input output operations so it has to be checked that at a time how many input output operations can the server handle. The more operations the server can handle the better.

◉ Area of the market: If the website is most likely to be used in India, it is preferred to buy a hosting of India.

Tuesday, 2 November 2021

Overview

Web server is a computer where the web content is stored. Basically web server is used to host the web sites but there exists other web servers also such as gaming, storage, FTP, email etc.

Web site is collection of web pages whileweb server is a software that respond to the request for web resources.

Web Server Working

Web server respond to the client request in either of the following two ways:

◉ Sending the file to the client associated with the requested URL.

◉ Generating response by invoking a script and communicating with database

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Key Points

◉ When client sends request for a web page, the web server search for the requested page if requested page is found then it will send it to client with an HTTP response.

◉ If the requested web page is not found, web server will the send an HTTP response:Error 404 Not found.

◉ If client has requested for some other resources then the web server will contact to the application server and data store to construct the HTTP response.

Architecture


Web Server Architecture follows the following two approaches:

1. Concurrent Approach

2. Single-Process-Event-Driven Approach.

Concurrent Approach

Concurrent approach allows the web server to handle multiple client requests at the same time. It can be achieved by following methods:

◉ Multi-process

◉ Multi-threaded

◉ Hybrid method.

Multi-processing

In this a single process (parent process) initiates several single-threaded child processes and distribute incoming requests to these child processes. Each of the child processes are responsible for handling single request.

It is the responsibility of parent process to monitor the load and decide if processes should be killed or forked.

Multi-threaded

Unlike Multi-process, it creates multiple single-threaded process.

Hybrid

It is combination of above two approaches. In this approach multiple process are created and each process initiates multiple threads. Each of the threads handles one connection. Using multiple threads in single process results in less load on system resources.

Examples


Following table describes the most leading web servers available today:

S.N. Web Server Description 
1 Apache HTTP Server

This is the most popular web server in the world developed by the Apache Software Foundation. Apache web server is an open source software and can be installed on almost all operating systems including Linux, UNIX, Windows, FreeBSD, Mac OS X and more. About 60% of the web server machines run the Apache Web Server. 
Internet Information Services (IIS)

The Internet Information Server (IIS) is a high performance Web Server from Microsoft. This web server runs on Windows NT/2000 and 2003 platforms (and may be on upcoming new Windows version also). IIS comes bundled with Windows NT/2000 and 2003; Because IIS is tightly integrated with the operating system so it is relatively easy to administer it. 
Lighttpd

The lighttpd, pronounced lighty is also a free web server that is distributed with the FreeBSD operating system. This open source web server is fast, secure and consumes much less CPU power. Lighttpd can also run on Windows, Mac OS X, Linux and Solaris operating systems. 
Sun Java System Web Server

This web server from Sun Microsystems is suited for medium and large web sites. Though the server is free it is not open source. It however, runs on Windows, Linux and UNIX platforms. The Sun Java System web server supports various languages, scripts and technologies required for Web 2.0 such as JSP, Java Servlets, PHP, Perl, Python, and Ruby on Rails, ASP and Coldfusion etc. 
Jigsaw Server

Jigsaw (W3C's Server) comes from the World Wide Web Consortium. It is open source and free and can run on various platforms like Linux, UNIX, Windows, and Mac OS X Free BSD etc. Jigsaw has been written in Java and can run CGI scripts and PHP programs. 

Thursday, 28 October 2021

Deep Web, Dark Web, DarkNet, Web Hosting, Web Hosting Review, Compare Web Hosting


Internet is very vast and what we use on daily basis is only a chunk of it. The Internet is much more than that but first, one should be clear with the difference between Internet and the Web.

Internet is the collection of various smaller networks where each node can be a server, laptop, smartphone etc.

Web: In earlier days of Internet, data was used to transfer across the Internet but no Web existed at that time but in 1989, Tim Berners-Lee introduced the World Wide Web which can be used to access hyperlinked text or web pages. So, basically Web is a software which runs over internet to provide this service.

But Web doesn’t include only the website like Facebook, Google, Want2Host etc. These are in the surface web which can be indexed by search engine. It only constitutes 4-6% of the whole web. Part of the WWW which is not indexed by a search engine like Google is Deep Web and it about 500-600 times larger than surface web. This web can only be accessed using a special link and with special permission like data in our cloud drive cannot be found on Google, one cannot search for it. There is a subset of the web called Dark Web.

Deep Web: It is the web which cannot be accessed by the search engines, like government private data, bank data, cloud data etc. These data are sensitive and private, so kept out of reach. It is used to provide access to a specific to a specific group of people.

Dark Net: It is a network build over the internet which is encrypted. Darknet provides anonymity to the users. One such darknet is Tor (The Onion Router). A special software is required to enter this network like Tor browser, is required to enter into the Tor’s network. TOR can access regular website also, a website on this network has .onion address. Many hidden services are provided on Dark Net.

Friend-to-Friend is another kind of darknet where two-person transfer data between them anonymously. Only concerned people have access to it and it is encrypted and password protected.

Freenet is also a darknet which is used for file transfer anonymously, there are many other darknets available.

Dark Web: Darknet provide a user with anonymity but a service was introduced which allowed someone to host a website on the darknet and remain anonymous. This attracted people who do illegal stuff to sells things without getting caught. One example is a website called the silk road which was on darknet called TOR, used to sell drugs and was taken down by FBI.

It might seem a bit scary but darknet is very useful too, for which it was created, to provide anonymity like to government official, journalist and even us.

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