Friday 30 June 2017

Here, we assume that you are using cPanel control panel. However, you can follow some tips mentioned here even if your control panel is different.

Secure Web Hosting, Compare Hosting

Since last couple of months website security threats increased dramatically. Hackers now adapting new ways to breach security, they can write new malicious files, delete files, and edit files. Overall, they can practically do anything that could be done to a file. Generally, these attackers could install some malicious program onto your system without your knowledge.
So how to prevent security breaches? To prevent these attempts we can follow some simple steps.
1) Always remember to sign out or log out from any service once you finish your activities.

2) Always use stronger long password,  ​because long and a complex password offers a greater variety of characters which makes hard to guess password.

3) Do not use repeated characters in the password.

4) You must use mix letters, symbols, numbers, and upper and lower case letters to make password case sensitive.

5) Never use dictionary words in any language.

6) If possible, memorize your password and try to avoid writing it down.

7) Never use one password for all the accounts.

If you experience hacking issues after following all the above 7 tips, then you just need to go through some other possible way such as:

Login to your cPanel control panel and check whether the last login shows your IP address from the last time when you logged in. If it shows a different IP address then just note it down.  As it is not yours and somebody else’s IP address it is pretty clear that someone was able to login into your control panel, like you do, to access your website. That person has your user id and password with all the same access to your website that you have. He/she probably also gets FTP access, which is normally attackers more likely to use than cPanel. For this major point analyzing the access logs is the best way to identify the IP address which accessed your website.

This is not tracking down the attacker, which is generally worthless rather, the IP address is more important that will helps to find other information about the attack. You need to follow below steps to enable log archive option in cPanel.

1) Login to cPanel, click on the Raw Log Manager (note name of this feature varies in different cPanel versions).

2) Analyze the Archive Logs box.

3) make sure you unchecked the option Remove the previous month’s archived logs

4) Now click on save

Enabling the logs archive will forcefully save the logs of IP which connects to your website through HTTP and FTP. If you already have enabled archive logs option on your system, then the attack is most likely recorded, which will be very useful in tracking the hacker.  If it was off, then data is lost unless the daily stats run has not been completed so far, but later similar attacks, which are most likely will be logged.

Once you identify attacker(s) IP address, you will be able to search all the logs for the entire place where that IP address appears. This will help you identify what weak part of your website was attacked, how it was attacked and what types of malicious actions were performed.

The best place to analyze is login to cPanel >> check logs; click the latest visitors’ icon. It will show you the list of last visitors who have accessed your website.

Once you find the attacking IP address then the next step is to block that IP address. To block specific IP go to cPanel >> security >> click on IP deny manager.

You also need to ensure files and folders have the appropriate permission. For example, the correct permissions for readable, but not writable folders are 755, and appropriate permissions for readable files only are 644. These are the permission that you should mostly expect to see.

Another possible thing that you can do is to take your website offline if the web pages have become infected with viruses. It is quite usual that infected pages will attack on your website visitors as well, which is normally the case. So to protect your visitors and to maintain website reputation, taking the website offline for some time until the issue gets resolved makes more sense. The reason behind taking website offline is when a visitor browses your website and hardly notice the incident, then he/she will or at least might come back later, but if a visitor gets attacked by a virus from your website, then it will build a strong memory of the incident that had occurred and probably he/she might not come back ever. So it would be better to keep the website offline and install the most recent version anti-virus software.

You can also configure a firewall which plays a role of barrier to keep hackers and viruses out of system networks. Note, firewall stops hackers from getting in, but it will not remove any existing backdoor software from your system. For this, you need a good anti-virus product. Also, ensure that you use anti-virus software regularly and keep it up to date.

Last but not the least is to change your cPanel and FTP passwords at regular intervals. Remember, security is not complete without you. So protect your information, you never know who is watching.

Thursday 29 June 2017

Normally, your hosting account’s PHP configuration file exist in at /conf/php.ini and the setting applied globally for your account. But if there is need to change the default settings for one of your subdomain or subdirectory then follow these steps:

PHP Subdomain and Subdirectory

1. Log in to your account via SSH

2. Copy the complete file /conf/php.ini to the subdomain / subdirectory folder in which you would like the custom settings applied.

3. Edit the new php.ini with the custom settings you want applied to the subdomain / subdirectory

4. Inside the same folder where you copied the php.ini, create an .htaccess file which contains the below line:


This will instruct Apache to create that environmental variable available to all script in that directory and PHP will check it to determine where to search the php.ini.

Note: following step is very important

Certainly, you will not want the outside world to have access to your settings in your php.ini file. So what is the solution? Add the following line to the .htaccess file in the same directory:

<Files ~ “\.ini$”>
Order allow, deny
Deny from all

This will deny any web requests to any file in that directory ending in .ini; thus preventing your PHP settings from being seen by others.

Now you have a secure php.ini file that you can modify settings in to affect the .php files within that directory.

Tuesday 27 June 2017

Reseller web hosting is a unique concept that is practiced around the world by hosting providers. In this type of hosting, a reseller purchase a hosting account, and sell to other users. This type of service is preferred by small businesses and individuals who wish to have their own web hosting business.

Reseller Web Hosting Service

Reseller web hosting services offer many benefits. In addition, reseller can also choose VPS or dedicated server if the customer base is very large, the amount of profit on each of these is also higher.

If you want to be a reseller web host you do not have technical knowledge in this aspect. The staff of the primary web host monitor the entire infrastructure. However, you should have some knowledge of web hosting to deal with the potential customers. If you are maintaining a reseller business and you want it to achieve success, then full announcement of the company is essential for businesses.

This will allow your customer to know your business and also the company that you made. The competition in this sector is far more than any other type of business. So make sure, you will always be a safer position.

A lot of reseller offers excellent web hosting services to their customers. They ensure the reasonable costs and sustainability for customers. For some clients, they also offer services such as merchant accounts, SSL certificates, registration of domain names and SEO services. Some of these reseller are fairly broad-minded when it comes to the selection of web hosting packages. Customers are very impressed with this kind of business strategies that are appropriate by reseller.

Primary web host offers excellent web hosting services to their reseller customers. They shall ensure the reasonable costs and sustainability for customers. For reseller clients, they also offer services such as SSL certificates, registration of domain names, etc…

As a reseller web host, you should fairly be broad-minded when it comes to the selection of web hosting packages. Your customers would be very impressed with this kind of business strategy that is appropriate to their businesses.

A primary web host also provide free technical support. This is only possible when the web hosting company has a group of professionals who are experts in such cases. Customers easily attract to the service provider due to this reason. However, you must be very careful while choosing a host.

Good packages and business services are available almost everywhere. All we need is just to go through several options and then make the right kind of decisions. Resellers standard packages are often useful if they are carefully chosen. Supervision of a specific plan is also essential for a successful business.

Monday 26 June 2017

You’ve probably seen various free hosting offers on Internet, however when it comes to a business website or a project that you want to give some credibility and has plans for a future prolonged thereof, shall have regard to the following counter-parties that usually are associated with this type of Free Web Hosting:

Free Web Hosting Services, Web Hosting


If the service is free, then it is quite possible that many people are interested in it. Not only people who really want to create their own website, but also malicious users who want to take advantage of the fact that the service is free to use it for sending spam, distributing illegal software, scripts for flood and DDoS attacks, among others.

For this reason, easily one service user can make the server that supports the same unstable and cause all sites to be inaccessible and may cause long downtimes without you can claim it is actually a service whereby non-paid.

The downtime will cause your site, be it a business, project or portfolio and thus can “cost” more than what you thought.

Lack of Customer Support

Again, being a free service, this will be “invaded” by any person. The more users of the service will make it more difficult to maintain server stability.

When there is some downtime, probably your first thought will be to send an e-mail to customer support department to ask, what’s the reason for the downtime? Yours and the other users hosted on the same service.

You should understand, being a free service, unless it is supported by a large company with many employees and a dedicated team to the free service, it is very likely that this is a work of a single man, in his spare time, probably not since the hosting service will be free that ensures your salary at the end of the month, unless it is monetized with advertising on your sites.

Given this detail, your support requests may take days, weeks or even months to be answered.

In addition, the person who is providing support will not bother to help you solve minor issues that are easily resolved and which are platform related that your site uses. Usually, only a few companies who cherish professional hosting by better tracking their clients care to help in such kind of issues.

Forced Ads

Many of these services are supported by revenue generated via advertising on the customer’s sites. It means the hosting provider will put advertising on your website forcefully, and you have to accept it if you want to continue with the free hosting service. There isn’t any issue if the service provider puts advertising on your personal website, discussion forum or other community, however, it doesn’t apply to websites such as online stores, promoting products and services or institutional sites.

For example, if the Google Adsense system is used to for advertising, then it will show ads related to the content of your website. In the same way, if your site is an institutional or business, then obviously it is going to show ads of your competitors on your website which is not very pleasant for the credibility of your business.

No Self Control

Another major disadvantage of these free web hosting services is that most of the service providers won’t allow you to have your own domain, being forced to use a sub-domain name service, such as “”.

Besides being a name quite long and difficult to remember, your customers and users of your site will start to be aware that you are using a free service. For many people, the image that will convey is that your online business is not relevant, which may cause you to lose business, proving once again that “cheap is expensive”. With a professional and premium hosting service, you can have your site with a domain name itself, and may even change your web hosting company at any time without having to change the site address.

No E-mail Accounts

Many of these services do not provide e-mail accounts, making it impossible for you to create an e-mail account with the address of your website. Even those who provide services, your e-mail will be something like

Probably it will not be interested in putting this address in their contact cards and will end up using a e-mail:, If you compare these, still it continues to be a free service and without any branding for your company, it’s not worth.

With a professional hosting service, you can create your own mailbox with the address of your site, for example:

No support for PHP / MySQL, etc…

Most of these free web hosting providers only provide support to HTML pages, making it impossible to create dynamic pages with links to database and forms. Support for PHP and MySQL is very simple to be implemented on a server; however these technologies greatly increase resource consumption by each hosting account on the server and thus drastically reduce the number of hosting accounts for a normal server.

Usually hosting companies define a maximum value of hosting accounts per server for on average 250 accounts / server. However these services tripled this value on servers with PHP and MySQL support and servers without support for these technologies may increase to 2,000 to 3,000 sites per server, since HTML does not use any server resources to compile its syntax, unlike what happens with PHP-based sites.

With only HTML support, your site will be very sluggish and will not have much interactivity with the customer, making it a site with only static content with almost no features.

Limited Disk Space and Bandwidth

Although some hosting providers also offer Free Web Hosting Plans with Unlimited Space and Unlimited Bandwidth , most of them excessively limit the disk space of their plans by not providing sufficient disk space and monthly bandwidth so you can maintain your site.

Typically a hosting plan of a joint account, which occupies more disk space, is sometimes not the files of the site, but the mailboxes of their e-mail and databases of their websites. If you reach your limit of space, probably the free hosting provider will get your site down and won’t be up until you upgrade your hosting plan to a paid service.

This will make you to quickly find a hosting service to migrate, which is a process that should normally be done with some care, a lot of research and time. The same happens in the case of achieving monthly bandwidth of your site, requiring an immediate migration service.

Sometimes some free web hosting providers do not activate the plan after exceeding monthly bandwidth, putting the “Terms of Service – ToS” indication of fees if it exceeds the monthly traffic, and these values usually are exorbitant and the service can be more expensive than a normal service if no attention is paid to consumption.

Lack of Essential Tools and Features

You cannot expect the latest and most useful tools in a free hosting service. Usually this type of services used control panels that are limited in terms of features, which make the simplest task, authentic puzzles. Most services won’t allow you to create even a backup file for download, and this process has to be done manually using FTP, if FTP details are provided by the service provider. It can also be limited to a file manager, web-based.

If you like tools that allow you to install hundreds of scripts on your hosting account with just a few clicks such as Softaculous, then it’s better to opt for a premium hosting service that offers such tools. Think about Idera CDP Backups (formerly known as R1Soft CDP Backups) is the solution for server backups more than a spectacular hosting service you may have.

These are just some of the examples of features and tools that are usually not available with a free web hosting service.

Data Loss

Unfortunately, nowadays almost everything has a price; however the data and information is something that can hardly be assigned a value. A simple database can contain very important information and is worth millions of Dollars ($). In any hosting service, whether free or paid, the customer is responsible for maintaining the security of their copies, unless you pay extremely high values for a service that guarantees the integrity of your data backups.

Companies that provide professional shared hosting usually have defined a plan for backups to save some restore points of data stored on their servers so that the customers can easily retrieve the information in the event of data loss. Often customers fail to make their own backups as verify that the company makes. However, the backups made by the hosting company should not be used by customers as replacement guarantee in case they remove or edit a file unintentionally and having a problem during a platform maintenance, etc…

Whenever the client wishes to make a change, maintain or update the platforms of their site, they should create a backup and download the same to their computer, double the same for server testing / developing local or remote and only after confirming that the changes were applied correctly in test environment / development, that should make uploading to the server where the platform is in production.

The customer should not be waiting for the backups made by the company for the recovery if an update goes wrong. However the truth is that most professional hosting companies provide backups if the client requests, if it has made any changes that have gone wrong. However, the client will not have the same fate in a free hosting service, because most likely there will not be a plan for backups, even for recovery in case of hardware failure.

Thus, if there is a hardware failure and you have not done your backups, you can say goodbye to your site and probably your online business.

Service without Guarantees

As everyone knows, cheap is expensive. A service for which no amount is paid doesn’t even have the invoice or receipt that you are being supplied, is a kind of service where you cannot expect guarantees or cannot complain or demand for any value added service.

It would not be the first time one of these services disappeared from the Internet from one day to the other, leaving thousands of inaccessible sites and causing damage to thousands of businesses. There are many reasons why this can happen, whether the service has become untenable for those who were to bear or even total loss of data that had been planned without any strategic plan for data recovery. Keeping a commercial site in one of these services is not worth, as you never know that if your site will be online tomorrow or simply disappeared.

Thursday 22 June 2017

When performing a file transfer generally we all opts FTP, but security is not negligible kind of thing so we will have to opt secured version of FTP namely FTPS or SFTP. However, you may ask what is the difference between these two protocols?



FTPS is actually FTP with SSL in addition to the security side that it brings. The use of SSL allows requiring the use of a certificate to secure communication between the client and the server.

Generally FTP explicit encrypted connections. Therefore, the connection is on port 21 (standard) and then the command “AUTH TLS” or “AUTH SSL” is sent to the server to ask for encrypting the transfer orders. Then, a second command named “PROT P” is sent to the server to encrypt the data transfer.

The use of FTPS means that the remote FTP server is configured to manage secure connections.


SFTP meanwhile means: SSH File Transfer Protocol and Secure File Transfer Protocol. In fact, this protocol is designated as an extension of the SSH protocol that allows the transfer of files. With this FTP transfer we could talk encapsulated in a secure SSH tunnel.

It only uses the SSH port (22), both for the transfer of data for monitoring.


In both cases, the objective is to add a layer of security through SSL/TLS or SSH. Thus, on the one hand we can use “X.509 Certificates” with FTPS, secondly, we can use SSH keys to manage the security of trade.

Moreover, in the case of SFTP using a single connection since everything happens in the SSH connection, whereas in the cases of FTPS it is necessary to open two connections.

The operation of the FTPS means that the connection is not secure from the start. Indeed, it is only when the server receives the request for encryption and begins to quantity. Conversely, with the SFTP encryption is operational from the start thanks to the presence of SSH to connect to the remote FTP server.

Finally, we would end by saying to developer that the .NET Framework does not include the SFTP support.

Wednesday 21 June 2017

I once had the opportunity to test all control panel systems on my test VPS. So here is a brief overview of my experience just in case anyone should need a concise overview. It was based on a fresh Debian Lenny 64bit system.

Hosting Control Panels

SysCP: Probably the slimmest of all control panels. I liked very well, because it is actually perfect for a VPS with a handful of domains and hardly more email addresses. But also for commercial hosting SysCP is to use; thanks to ticket system and various user levels. The installation was pretty easy, even when the manual to change the config files is a bit time consuming. However, I wanted to send the mail postfix part out not (but probably was more like gadgets than on my previous SysCP ).


* Very slim and resource-efficient panel
* Relatively easy to install
* Updated user interface
* Own Apache directives conveniently controlled via the panel
* Supports many distributions
* Does not so deep into the system
* Time-consuming to change the configurations of the respective components
* Partially annoying dependencies when installing the deb package
* Configuration of nameserver manually only
* Unwieldy Prefixsystem

The control panel I liked well, but I have for my taste nearly contain enough features. I would have shut me here and there but want some more configuration options for each service. Above all, the ability to manage the DNS zones on the control panel. I would have liked. Thus the control panel offer few advantages in this respect to the work in the shell.

ispCP Omega installing was even simpler than that of SysCP, since one is the change of the individual config files could save. It is therefore commendable in my opinion could determine application trust the admin name itself, which provides a little more security. In addition, the CP brings many features such as webmail in their own design, with much more detailed statistics, that makes the resource consumption seen, which is higher than that of SysCP.

what annoyed me uttered, however, is that only by php cgi / fastcgi can integrate. That may be safer but it is much slower and thus a failure of the CP. Ensures that it is on vServer seemingly unusable. Quite often the cgi processes are not started properly terminated. So that they fall into infinite loop on, which may affect on VDS and (so is reported in various forums) and even the entire node crashes can bring.

However, this should occur only on VPS with 64-bit OS. For me, the problem then, where-upon the VDS was about the only VPS Control Panel addressed the host. Although there are many instructions all operate with mod_php but this would require after each update of the CP re-adjustment.


* Elegant surface
* No manual adjustment of the config files needed
* Many features
* Name of the admin accounts on their own identifiable
* PHP will only fastcgi / cgi-usable
* Resource consumption partly tangible
* Bug on 64 bit systems vServer

The CP seems more likely to be somewhat larger for hosting and corresponding server. Many features and configuration options are nice for the lazy admin shell, however, impede the creation of deeper configurations, since they are overwritten by the CP again. The resource consumption was by the (almost) acceptable use and partly outside the cgi. But it should be mainly responsible for the above bug. Therefore I could not completely take the test over and “explore” all functions. Therefore it should be missing some points on the list above conclusion.

ISPConfig 3: First a little note; one must distinguish at ISPConfig 2 to 3, because both versions are not only very different from each other but with some rooms even have their own developers hanging. I opted for the version 3. The full installation, I led for a HOWTO, which set up the same time a Debian system with the general explained.

The installation should perform well from a beginner can be, but it is of advantage that is not immaculate fully in dealing with Linux to be. After installing the CP did his service at once (only with the mail server I am still having problems, again) and its many possibilities spread out before you figured out. In addition to a comprehensive monitoring site with which you deal with many logs, RAM and CPU load, view general information directly into the CP, and the CP also contains the usual admin, customer and reseller system. Additionally, the CP waits with many more features to help the one in the management of many domains, such as the Possibility of CSRs (certificate signing requests) directly generate from the CP. Your own Apache directives can include on the CP.


* Functional and thanks to Ajax by far the fastest surface
* Many (in my opinion) useful features
* Own Apache directives simply include
* Allows quick access to page monitoring for various logs, etc …
* Many additional components for the monitoring of emails (ClamAV, Spamassasin, etc…)
* Own DNS zones
* No problem for managing multiple IPs
* Very helpful community (even if it comes along as a complete beginner)
* The CP is easily extensible via plug-ins
* But there is not many for version 3
* Interface only works with JavaScript
* Installation may not be suitable for beginners

So I will probably put ISPConfig 3 on my new VPS, since it is the best as compared to functionality and resource conservation. Everything depends on the sending and receiving of emails gives me a headache, but this probably is not the CP, since I use Postfix on GeneRally somewhat at odds. But I should solve the problem, this is my dream CP.

Plesk: At the end of another narrow field report with Plesk, which is to the version 9.2, a Debian-based 32-bit system where I used Plesk for almost 2 years in use, but this was not necessarily to the conviction but rather to the fact that the VPS with other CPs behaved quite bitchy.

The installation of Plesk for windows is moderately easy. You start the install script and the rest of the task makes almost by itself. Plesk was moderate at the best resource on average time consumption, the side structure of the surface was always horribly slow. For Plesk provides by far probably the most features with the average Admin access, however, it is the very low gearing. This does have a positive impact for beginners with chronic Shell-phobia, but who wants to set up a service time on the Plesk custom configuration so looks often in the tube, as Plesk’s own changes quite cheeky about writing again, and other settings not offered .


* Offers many features
* Easy installation
* Very easy to use (for beginners)
* Well-functioning auto-update
* Requires many resources
* Own Apache directives can be placed manually only by Shell
* Dovetails very much with the system
* Completely overloaded interface, Which loads very slowly
* Sometimes useless features (Application Vault, etc.)
* License for the small private users priceless

So I must keep Plesk credit, as it has always worked very reliably and the auto-update feature was very convenient. However, I still cry no tears for the CP. If you wanted to just quickly change one thing this has been hampered by sometimes extremely slow-loading pages, so some options to hide in the seemingly endless icons soups such skill that one might despair.

Thus, virtually the entire Plesk server digs under the nail, preventing almost any self-employment. All in all, the value for a joke, if you are not on the mass license can call his provider. Mostly Plesk is recommended for beginners. Thus, particularly who want to control everything rather than a graphical interface.

So that is my rundown of the most common CPs, maybe someone can take advantage of it. Please understand it is not as a professional report or test but rather as a rough overview.

Tuesday 20 June 2017

If you’ve ever run a website and owned your own hosting, you’ve likely familiarized yourself with the cPanel dashboard. This is undoubtedly the most common web management software and the majority of hosting providers utilizes it. With the software, you will be able to perform a large number of actions, including managing your site’s files, SQL database and email accounts. You can also transfer files to your server, by using the cPanel software.

cPanel Hosting

The software is readily available and incredibly popular. Much of this has to do with its ease of use. A beginner will be able to pick up and begin utilizing it right away. There is an abundance of reasons for the software’s popularity. Below, you will learn more about these.

1) Convenience

 First and foremost, you should realize that the cPanel software would provide you with convenient use. While using the software, the website administrator will be able to quickly and easily manage their sites and domain names. By using the distinguished buttons, you’ll be able to manipulate and change a variety of different settings to meet your expectations. Below, you will find a list of things that can be manipulated from the cPanel dashboard.

1. Your site’s files
2. Email accounts
3. SQL and other types of databases

2) Effortless Installation

 The cPanel software is beneficial for a handful of individuals. Veterans to the trade will have no difficultly utilizing the software right away. Beginners might have a few questions. There is where the software’s “Getting Started Wizard” will come into play. This tutorial is incredibly helpful and is capable of walking a new right through the entire process. This will help you begin initial file transfers, so you can get your site up and running quickly. Also, this helpful tutorial will help you setup email accounts, so you can start using your own personalized domain email account immediately.

3) One Click Installation

 There are many different web applications. These include Drupal, WordPress and phpBB. Many webmasters will be able to benefit exponentially from these programs. One of the most beneficial aspects of all is that the cPanel software will give you the ability to install the majority of these applications with a single click. This helps to ensure that you don’t need to download files and upload them manually. At the same time, you will never have to worry about making alterations to the PHP code. Instead, you will be able to make a few simple clicks and the software will be up and running, within a matter of minutes.

4) Convenient Access To Databases

 There are many different webmasters, who could benefit tremendously from having easy access to their server’s databases. There are many different ways to access this information, but the majority of these methods are simply unreliable and inconvenient. Many webmasters will want to be able to access and create databases much easier. There is no better way to do this than by using the cPanel hosting software. From the control panel, the user will be able to make a variety of different changes to their databases. In fact, they’ll be able to add information to the database, as well as extract and delete data. Creating new databases can also be done with a few clicks.

Finally, adding PostgreSQL options is another possibility. All in all, the cPanel software makes it incredibly easy to make the database adjustments, which need to be made, without much difficulty.

5) Easier Backups

 At this point in time, you should understand the paramount importance of performing regular backups. Failing to backup your website consistently could result in a lose of information and potentially a loss of revenue in the future. Although it is possible to allow the hosting company to take control over this aspect of your website, you should not. Instead, you should embrace and utilize the cPanel software. Within the cPanel dashboard, you will be able to access and utilize the “Backup Wizard”.

With this convenient feature, you will be able to immediately backup your website, emails or database. The backup will take a lengthy duration, which will depend on the overall size of your website. Once the process has concluded, you will be able to download the backup file to your computer. From there, you can save it for peace of mind, or you can upload it to another server.


When it comes down to it, cPanel is undoubtedly the most popular website management software. This is no coincidence. The software is incredibly user-friendly and will give you the ability to perform many tasks with ease. Installing software, accessing your databases and performing regular backups can be done very easily with this software. There is no other software, which is capable of replicating its performance. This is why you should utilize the software for yourself today!

Monday 19 June 2017

We’ve come across many enthusiasts, noobs & testers who’ve enquired about the ways to setting-up WordPress on a Windows based PC. So, for those who aren’t aware, setting-up WordPress locally would mean setting-up a local server or a localhost. There may be a number of reasons why anyone would want to do that in the first place. Some might me a theme developer who’d probably want to test the theme locally before making it live over the web, while others might be developing a plugin for WordPress which they’d like to test run before releasing it to the store.

Here we’ll try to learn the ways to install WordPress on your Windows computer using WAMP.

But before we proceed with the steps, it’s important for your to understand that if you are setting up your WordPress based site locally, it’d be only you or anyone who is using your machine who’d be able to view the website/plugin/theme. If you intend to make it live over the Internet, then you’d need to consider hosting it over a web server.

Well, if incase you do not know about what WAMP is, then it’s a compilation of Apache, PHP and MySQL bundled together for Windows OS platform. You’d require this to set-up a local environment for WordPress installation over Windows. You may even choose to use a similar client such as XAMPP.

Installing WAMP server on your Personal Computer

First and foremost, you must visit the WAMP Server website and download the latest copy of the software. Depending on the OS version and the bits (32-64) version, you must download the appropriate copy of the package onto your local machine.

After the download is complete, run the setup program simple follow the instruction that the wizard produces. During the installation, it’d ask you to choose the destination of the default web browser. As a default feature, it’d automatically find the location of Internet explorer, but if you choose to use a different browser, you must mention it over here, ie. the path (it is usually found in the program files folder).

After the installation is complete, you must launch the WampServer.

Creating Database for WordPress

As a default feature, you’d get phpMyAdmin with. Inorder to create a database for WordPress you must click on the Wampserver icon found at the windows taskbar and then click on phpmyadmin.

You’d be presented with a new window of phpMyAdmin, after which you must click on Databases and build a new database. You may choose a custom name based on your preference and click on Create button.

Installing WordPress on Windows with WAMP

Once the backend set-up is complete, you must now download the latest copy of WordPress from its official website. Extract the contents of the folder. Go to the destination where you’ve extracted the content, copy the entire WordPress folder and paste it into C:\wamp\www\ (this is the default installation location, you should change it if you’ve installed it at a different location). You have the choice to rename the folder to anything of your choice. Here we’ve changed it to ‘mysite’ for explanation purposes.

You must now access the following URL from the web browser of your choice :


You might run into an error which states that the wp-config.php file could not be found. In that case you must click on the Create a Configuration File button and build it.

You are now required to provide the database information, which is the next step of WordPress installation. The database name field should be populated with what you had created in the previous stage of Creating Database for WordPress.

As a default feature, WordPress would populate the Username field with ‘root’, but the password is something that you’d need to specify manually. Though, you may choose to leave it blank because it’s a local installation. If it’d have been over the server, you should populate the field with an authentic password. Click on the Submit button and WordPress will create a configuration file for you.

You’d then be presented with a screen confirming about the installation of WordPress. You must now run the installation by clicking the Run Install button.

Now, give a title to your site, choose the username, password and add the email address and hit the Install button.

This completes the installation process of WordPress on your PC running Windows OS using WAMP. Once you are done with testing your site over a local server environment, you may then choose to make your website live over a web hosting server.

Sunday 18 June 2017

What is EHCP?

EHCP (Easy Hosting Control Panel) is a control panel, which is completely free and Open Source that means you won’t required to pay anything to use this interface.

EHCP , Easy Hosting Control Panel

EHCP control panel contains all the necessary things for hosting domains. Among them are Apache, MySQL, PHP5, Postfix, FTP, etc.. All services will be functioning and operating as soon as you install it on your server.

For your information; EHCP is specially oriented for Ubuntu & Debian OS, but cannot install on other Linux OS. However, it is a powerful open source control panel, and simple to install that allows the user to manage services easily.

Here are its features:

* Customizing the interface
* Domains
* E-mail Management
* Manage FTP accounts
* Manage MySQL databases
* Management of web sites (virtual host)
* Autoresponder
* Data from the web with webalizer
* Install script.
* Managing disk quota
* Multi-languages
* Backup and Restore
* Transfer Domain Name

Here you can use ehcp a control panel is easy to use and quite “powerful”, following steps will tell you how to set up ehcp on your VPS server.

1. ehcp need OS Ubuntu or Debian. Here we take an example Ubuntu and I assume you’ve already installed ubuntu on VPS server.

2. Open your Linux console.
Login to root by typing sudo bash.
Then enter the following command in the console: wget / download
tar-zxvf ehcp_latest.tgz
cd ehcp

3. Then type the following command at the console:

4. After several prompts, you will be asked your name and email, then, you will be asked to password mysql and so on ..

To phpmyadmin, you will be asked to type a server on a blue screen, Select apache2,

for postfix, you will be required by apt-get,
type of installation,
select Internet Site

after operating a while, you will see, the installation is complete.

5. Open the panel on http://ip- and then click on the link panel

Friday 16 June 2017

The SSL certificates sold by the majority of commercial certification authorities (CAs) such as Global Sign, etc… To use SSL certificate it is good to have a Dedicated IP address, as dedicated IP address will be the one, which will be working for the secure layer with the port 443.


To check the SSL certificate:

Open the URL:


If it shows “unable to connect”, then it means no SSL certificate is there for the domain.
If it redirects to the domain, then SSL is purchased and working.
If it is expired, then Click on >> I understand the risks >> add exception >> get certificate >> view. Check for the expiry date of the same. If you find that the dare is expired, then it needs to be renewed.

What are the general types of SSL certificate?

Standard SSL >> valid for one domain name

EV (Extended Validation) SSL >> this is similar to a Standard SSL certificated, except the validation process is a little bit more involved.

UCC (Unified Communication Certificate) – multi-domain SSL or SAN SSL (Subject Alternative Name) >> this is a Standard SSL certificate (unless specified to be EV SSL) that allows for multiple domain names in the same certificates.

Wildcard SSL >> this is valid for * Note that this cuts off at the child level so it would not be valid for * – you would need a different wildcard for it.

SGC (Server Gated Cryptography) SSL >> this is a “step-up” certificate so that you can increase the SS; encryption strength for clients that don’t support your server’s level of encryption.

2048 bit certificates >> this is just a normal certificate of any of the above types. This just means that you can use 2048 bit key strength for your private key, because their CA is at 2048 bit or higher.

Examples from the Global sign

* Alpha SSL- For one domain

* Wild Card – For multiple domains

How to Purchase SSL?

To purchase the SSL you need to provide the details as mentioned below to the respective SSL provider:

-Domain name
-Email address (where cert is sent)
-Host name
-Company Name
-Company Division
-Email address (displayed in cert)

After receiving the details from your certificate provider >> login to the WHM of the server and Follow the below mentioned steps:

Click on ” Main >> SSL/TLS >> Generate a SSL Certificate and Signing Request” >> provide the detail information and for the section of Key Size: Select for 2048 rather than 1024.

If you click next it will generate the CSR (Certificate Signing Request) and will provide you the CSR and KEY for the same.

Usually, hosting providers don’t have the self SSL certificates, they contact the respective SSL provider from where they used to take the certificated in bulk and then provides to the end users. After generating or receiving the CSR the hosing provider visit the SSL provider. For example, GlobalSign

General Steps for all Commercial Certification Authorities (CAs)

>> If you want to purchase from the CAs then create a login and then login into the account of their website OR

>> With the login details of hosting provider to login into the Global Sign and then select the product for which you have to place the order as:

• Alpha SLL- For one domain
• Wild Card – For multiple domains

>> Then proceed for the next step in which provide the details for the CSR and then confirm.

>> Select the email id to which you want the feedback from them.

>> Confirm and complete it.

>> After this step you have to go into the inbox which you have given for receiving feedback

>> Example:

>> As soon as the procedure is completed you receive the order number from them which is important and a link to check whether the order is completed or not or whether the certificate is generated or not. You will be provided with the link to check for the same.

>> In case if you don’t receive the same then contact to the customer support of the global sign from the same logins of the organization.

>> You will receive the next mail from them with the SSL certificate provided in the same format as of CSR. As soon as you receive the mail check for the last characters of the each key of the one which we have generated as like:

CSR last characters are

Check the same into the reply mail you have received from then with the SSL certificate.

Installing the SSL certificate from the WHM:

After receiving the same, visit to the WHM of the Server and follow the steps as (end user client may need to contact the hosting provider for the same if they don’t have the access to the WHM Admin).

Click on Main >> SSL/TLS >> Install a SSL Certificate and Setup the Domain. Here you have to provide the copy of the SSL certificate that you have received from them into the area given and make sure there is no blank space. As soon as you put the key, it will automatically generate below user details, etc… It will also automatically fetch the details. And then click next “done” your SSL certificate is installed.

NOTE: confirm the IP address you provided after the certificate is fetched by the WHM; else it will create a problem for the same.

>> After this you have to install the SSL on the services as well. For that follow the steps mentioned below:

Main >> Service Configuration >> Manage Service SSL Certificates

For example: you will get the details as:

Service Current Certificate Actions
Exim (SMTP) Server Issuer: C=US, O=Equifax, OU=Equifax Secure Certificate Authority
Not Before: Jan 31 14:50:50 2015 GMT
Not After: Feb 3 17:10:35 2016 GMT Install new Certificate Reset Certificate
Subject: serialNumber=PCmdzkGcKwH51nAguzsgHJDNGhLd//o6, C=GB,, OU=GT81185785,
OU=See (c)10, OU=Domain Control Validated – GlobalSign(R), CN=
Self Signed: NO

>> Click on the Install new certificate:

Provide the key by the same method >> confirm that there is no space of wrong key. Click on save.

One by one you have to complete all the services like this and then check for the SSL. That’s it. SSL will be renewed or installed for next one year or as per order. DONE!

Thursday 15 June 2017

The webhosting industry can be rather overwhelming. Over the years, hosting providers continuously introduced cheaper and cheaper plans to suit every budget. Today, this has lead to an incredible variety of hosting plans, making it quite challenging to actually find what suits you. This article focuses on one type of hosting, dedicated servers. We’ll guide you through why they should be your choice and how to find the cheapest dedicated server hosting providers.

Dedicated Server Hosting

1) More Resources, Less Problems

With dedicated servers, you typically get much more bandwidth than shared or VPS hosting, plus you get dedicated RAM and processor power. This simply means that your server is just that, YOUR server. With cheaper hosting plans, you share resources with others, hence why it is cheaper. On shared hosting plans for example, you could be sharing your server with thousands of other customers. Imagine how easy it is for one customer to mess it up for all the others. Sure, there are systems in place to help isolate you from your “neighbors”, but these systems aren’t perfect, all of you are still packed in one “house”.

2) Growth Expectations

A common misconception about dedicated servers is that it’s only for the big boys with millions of visitors a month and resource-intensive software applications. This may be partially true, however, isn’t it better to be immune to the problem rather treat it when it happens? What I mean here is, what if you’re already a popular brand offline, or on social media, but are just launching your website now? We can assume your website’s traffic will grow very fast, and hence it would make more sense to opt for dedicated server hosting.

3) Fully Customizable

If you run any “specialized” web applications that need specific system settings or special software to be installed on your operating system, this can be done with ease. Want to install a different hosting control panel? Third party security software? It’s all very simple with root access. It’s no longer just cPanel or web interfaces, it’s more like you’re sitting in front of your own computer and can tweak anything. This is assuming you have the necessary technical expertise of course.

4) Secure, Reliable DataCenters

 If you’re going the dedicated server route, you may have been tempted to “buy your own” server and set it up in your home or office, in an attempt to mitigate some of the costs. This could be a very bad idea. When you order a dedicated server from one of the hosting companies out there, it’s typically setup and hosted in a datacenter. Datacenters have thousands of servers just like yours with physical security and enterprise connection speeds that are nothing like your home or office internet connections. They also have onsite engineers that are ready to help whenever things go awry. In short, a datacenter is built specifically for the purpose, but your home or office isn’t.

How Do You Find The Cheapest Dedicated Server Hosting?

It’s no secret that dedicated servers can be significantly more expensive than most other hosting plans. This is why it would make sense for you to be searching for the cheapest dedicated server hosting plan. This, however, can sometimes be a little tricky. Although many companies will “seemingly” provide servers with similar specs, you’ll often find hugely varying price points and you’ll be left scratching your head, trying to understand why. The reason is simple: fine prints. Some dedicated server plans come bundled with paid software (like cPanel, WHM), some do not. Some tell you that you have unmetered bandwidth, but cap your connection speeds. The country where the server is hosted also affects the price.

But, what may have the biggest impact by far, is whether you choose managed or unmanaged hosting. With managed, your web host takes full responsibility of monitoring, maintaining, securing and updating your server. This is perfect if you do not have the technical expertise or would like to free up your time for more important tasks. The “unmanaged” servers typically mean that the host will provide the server “as is”, and it’s your responsibility to take care of most of the technicalities.

The final crucial point to take note of here is customer reviews. A web host can make as many promises as it wants, but the ultimate judge of whether they deliver on their promises is their customers. So there you have it! By now you know the “why” and the “how”. Choosing the cheapest dedicated server hosting should now be a breeze for you now that you know what to watch out for.

Wednesday 14 June 2017

In the web hosting market, there are many kinds of web hosting plans. One of them allows you cheapest web hosting, one of them allows you flexible web hosting etc. But there is one more unique hosting plan which allows you to earn money with web hosting business, that is reseller hosting. Reseller hosting owners don’t have to setup an expensive data center or they don’t have to buy and maintain web servers even they don’t have to hire any technician to handle technical issues. In case of reseller hosting your hosting provider would be responsible for everything related technical to issues, maintenance, monitoring etc. And the reseller hosting owner can only concentrate on promoting his business. One more good point about reseller hosting is that reseller hosting owner gets more freedom and flexibility to create a good business strategy, promote their business and also concentrate on their core business.

As per the global economic stats, reseller hosting is the fastest growing and profitable business. Anyone can learn about reseller hosting business very easily rather than any-other online business. If you want to start a reseller hosting business then you have to choose a good reseller hosting package with a suitable web hosting provider. After sign-up with a suitable hosting provider, you have to create customized hosting plans with a special control panel to manage customers, the disk space, and bandwidth purchased by you from the main web hosting provider, and promote and sell these hosting plans to your customers. The main web hosting provider permits the reseller owner to manage most of the web hosting related back-end (server-, security-, and connectivity-related) tasks.

Linux Reseller Web Hosting

There are many benefits of reseller hosting. At a at a glance we can say that :

A. The reseller hosting account will provide both long and short term benefits.
B. Once the web hosting provider assigned some resources in the physical server, the user can start reseller hosting business.
C. Many times the main reseller hosting provider agrees to naming nameserver after the reseller hosting owner’s organization name and also assign many different IP addresses for their name server.
D. Reseller hosting owner only has to think about disk-space and bandwidth to host many website in their server.
E. Reseller hosting owner gets great level of scalability and flexibility with their reseller hosting account.
F. In case of reseller hosting the main hosting provider continuously monitors the server and also solves any kind of technical issues.
G. Reseller hosting owner can create many shared hosting accounts.

After selecting a suitable web hosting provider, you have to choose a proper operating system. In reseller hosting there are mainly two operating systems available. One is Linux reseller hosting and another is windows reseller hosting. Linux is a open-source operating system and windows is a Microsoft’s products. So, Linux reseller web hosting plan is a cheaper option than windows reseller hosting plan. But in both cases you have to make a foolproof business strategy.

Tuesday 13 June 2017

The first and foremost step in any start-up business is to decide on which web host service to choose. Web hosting is a big term to be described and contains numerous hosting services depending upon the features and business size. In simple terms, web hosting is basically a space on web server required for storing your website database. This means whenever a visitor is searching for your website by entering a domain name, he will get directed to your website without any hassle. But to choose a hosting service is a bit hard task. Currently, the most popular hosting services chosen by companies are cloud web hosting and cPanel hosting.

Cloud Web Hosting, cPanel Hosting

What’s the difference between cloud server hosting and cPanel hosting? Cloud web hosting has become popular in online business world but there are very few who exactly know how it differs from standard hosting. To understand it more deeply, here are the differences between cloud and cPanel hosting –

User Interface: 

The user interface might not seem important but that’s the first noticeable feature by users. The UI of cloud web hosting control panel can be either simple and clean or complex which allows users to manage their website and other major features. You may or may not get more than its cPanel counterpart, depending on the host provider you choose. The reason behind this is that there are new host providers entering the market which create the control panel as per their proprietary.

Being a widely used hosting service, cPanel has enhanced largely since recent years with the introduction of additional features that enable users to makes changes in the UI as per their requirements rather than a hosting configuration. cPanel is considered to be  the best option for those who rely on the UI as there would be more customers knowing about the cPanel interface due to its popularity in the web industry.


In cloud hosting multiple servers are networked together in a cluster to pool the resources. In addition, VMware/ Hyper-V cloud servers are developed for high level of uptime. If any server goes down, other servers take over the operations. While in cPanel hosting, there is a single server that manages websites.


Scalability is one of the most significant features of cloud hosting. As there isn’t any limit to the servers to be added to the cluster, cloud can easily accommodate infinite client websites without experiencing downtime. cPanel hosting isn’t scalable as it can include only limited client websites.

Load Balance: 

Servers often get overloaded which affects the performance of websites. But cloud hosting consists of load balancer that allows to balance the load on one server by distributing it equally on all. Due to this, the sites become more tolerable to faults and also increases the response time for visitors to your website. cPanel isn’t load balanced and so, cloud becomes the relevant choice for websites that require higher uptime and performance.


Cloud is adopting new technical features to keep up with the change in the business environment. Now, most e-stores have started using highly intensive applications like Magento. While cPanel uses the default and standard Apache configuration or it can use other if configured by the web host provider. Apache is commonly used by many websites and is found to be perfect for them.

Domain Name Servers:

The hosting server itself will serve DNS to the cPanel customers. A single DNS cluster utilizes the number of nodes (servers) that are globally positioned to offer DNS redundancy of enterprise level.

Storage Cost:

In cloud hosting, you can maintain an easy access to information without any capital expenditure. You need to pay as per your space usage. Since there is a limited storage space offered by cPanel hosting, if you require additional space, you will need to pay complete fees for the particular storage amount.

Auto Install Software with 1-Click:

Installing any software is an easy and one click auto install task in cloud hosting that means the forms required to be completed in cPanel are automatically submitted within no time.

Switch between Linux and Windows Hosting:

cPanel hosting offers only Linux operating system. While cloud hosting allows to switch the user between Linux and Windows operating systems. Companies that want to run their main domain on the Windows and WordPress site on Linux will surely find this feature beneficial.

To conclude, both cloud as well as cPanel have some advantages as well as disadvantages. Deciding on which one is the best is a challenge. All you need to understand is your business needs and then choose the one which you find is valuable. Experts usually suggest that small to medium size businesses should go for cPanel hosting while those with large revenues and sales should select cloud hosting. Ultimately, the decision is yours!

Monday 12 June 2017

Cloud services have been considered a game changer since their inception. Incorporating cloud computing into your business or personal life has made sharing with friends and family easier. Accordingly, colocation services have also gained popularity. Many companies are overhauling their IT department due to outdated infrastructure and to take advantage of colocation and cloud computing.

Colocation and Cloud Connection, Cloud Hosting

Colocation services, following the boom of cloud technology, should continue to grow as well. Let’s see how colocation and cloud compare.

Cloud Cost Advantage

A functional cloud or colocation provide the same benefits for the users. If using colocation, significant data will be spent buying storage, servers, networking and other IT equipment. On the other hand, CapEx will be saved with no need to invest in infrastructure, internet connectivity, redundant power supply, etc. This makes cost saving one of the cloud’s biggest benefits. However, many colocation services now provide pay-as-you-go models, helping bring down costs similar to cloud levels. Colocation often times employs energy-efficient systems, creating an IT system with a significantly lower power consumption.

Guaranteed Uptime

Old school data centers were notorious for down time: server errors, connection issues, etc. Any amount of downtime can cause significant issues for an organization. Guaranteed, 100% uptime has become the norm for cloud computing systems as well for colocation. It’s common to see colocation providers offer customizable power densities, load balancing options, redundancy, and fault tolerance. Different workloads require different capabilities, giving value to this ability.

With colocation and cloud both providing a guaranteed uptime, you’ll remove the need to spend big on a fault-tolerant center. The customizable nature of colocation also customers to remove solutions that may not be necessary for their uses, which further saves money. Resources are able to be used efficiently as possible. For example, an organization may not require 2N+1 redundancy, meaning they could colocate at their facility and pay less for a customized service.


It is essential that colocation service provides communicate with IT staff, to ensure an efficient and safe IT environment. As technology evolves and more on-demand and as-a-service models enter the marketplace, smart planning is necessary for future infrastructure requirements. Presently, many organizations are moving to the cloud but it is an evolving process. As organizations bring their systems up to date, colocations can help streamline the transformation.

Colocation provides other benefits beyond offering physical space and power for hardware equipment, it can also be tailored to complete specific initiatives or applications. Smaller cloud service providers, needing to host their data and applications, have gravitated to colocation. The large cloud service providers also purchase considerable colocation services. These large companies command significant IT resources, and after moving some of their services to the cloud can benefit from consolidating older data center sites.

Saturday 10 June 2017

You may be a blogger or a website owner, you will always prefer VPS or dedicated server for your blog or website.  But do you know how to secure your server or do you have that much time to think upon it? No, right? So here are five simple steps to secure your VPS and dedicated server –

VPS Hosting, Dedicated Server

1. Avoid Using Password to Access :

You always use the root account password to access your server but it isn’t a safe way. You need to generate and configure SSH key so that your client can access your server further as this will decrease the chances of getting hacked with your password.

2. Dedicated SSL is a Must :

Many times it happens that you get a security warning while trying to access your server first time using your IP and port. No doubt all cPanel servers have default self-signed SSL installed but it isn’t highly secure and so you receive warning errors. Installing a dedicated trusted SSL on your server using SSH or WHM root would prove helpful to avoid this error.

3. Scanning for Malware and Virus is Important :

Scanning your server regularly is a must to detect virus and malware so that you can find a solution to remove those.

4. Server Access Needs to be From a Trusted ISP :

Remember don’t access your server any cyber cafĂ© or similar places especially the public WiFi zones while connecting to your server. Get your static IP from your ISP provider if possible and configure it to your server firewall and block other access. It might sometimes happen that would be unable to access your server if you don’t have the same ISP that has been configured for root access to the firewall.

5. Server Monitoring and Processing Needs Attention :

Many of you don’t usually care about server monitoring and process. You simply setup the website and leave it there for months or years without checking it for warnings and server processes. Checking the process and error logs of the server on weekly basis is significant to keep it safe and clean for your website health.

Hope these tips will help you to maintain your server’s health for longer duration without spending on extra premium services.

Thursday 8 June 2017

When we are just starting a blog or a website for a particular topic or business, having a Keyword in the domain name has its benefits.

However, in 2016-2017, when SEO is moving from Keywords to Social Media and algo like EMD (Exact Match Domain) low quality Keyword rich domain name, it is a good idea to go for a Keyword less domain name.

Domain Names, Hosting Review

Honestly, both of them have their pros and cons, and if done right, Keyword rich domain could be profitable for better ranking, but same can be achieved with a quality content niche domain.

It is one of my favourite topics because Shoutmeloud is a keyword less domain name and I always encourage people to go for keyword less domains.

When are Keyword less domain more Useful?

Branding and uniqueness:

The first and foremost suggestion which I give and share with my friends is to select a word as a domain name which is not widely used.

Using a domain name like Techpro or anything like this probably could have gotten you lots of results by first keyword Tech. But keeping a domain name which is personal or never used will always have a unique identity in the search result.

Your options are open:

This tip is from my personal experience.

ShoutMeLoud was started as a tech blog and over the time, I shifted to blogging niche. The best part about this is I’m not limited to any topic. In future, if I want to extend ShoutMeLoud to some other niche such as life hacks or something similar, I can do that.

However, if I had a domain name such as “”, I would have been limited to a particular topic.

By selecting a Keyword domain name, you are binding your present and future, whereas with a Keyword less name, you stay flexible in future.

Domain name availability:

One of the biggest problem with Keyword rich domain name is most of the good domain names (.com and .org) are already taken. I will never suggest you to go for .info domain names (Now there are new gTLD’s that you can use and sign up for).


For domain name with Keywords, you will have lots of competition for the same niche, but with your own personalize non keyword domain name, you can rank much better.

Long domain name:

Instead of going for long ugly domain name just for the sake of keyword richness, it’s better to go for a small memorable domain name.
In this guide, you will learn about different types of SSL certificates. Knowing this will help you to get the right SSL certificate for your blog, website, or organization.

SSL Certificates, Hosting , Compare Hosting

The foremost thing that you need to keep in mind is:

► SSL certificates are all about trust.

Useful SSL Related Terms To Know:

► SSL: Secured Sockets Layer
► CA: Certificate Authority
► DV: Domain Validation
► OV: Organization Validation
► EV: Extended Validation
► CSR: Certificate Signing Request

There are several types of SSL certificates. They can be grouped based on:

► Validation level
► Number of secured domains/subdomains

Types of SSL certificates based on validation level

1. Domain Validation

For this type of SSL certificate, domain validation is done using email or adding a DNS record.

In simple words, you need to validate your ownership of the domain name.

This kind of certificate can be obtained in a few minutes (or occasionally a few hours). This is ideal for those who don’t have an organization & no extra security is needed.

It’s the cheapest kind of SSL certificate and is recommended where security is not the most vital factor .

Domain Validation:

► Cheap
► Obtained in a maximum of a few hours
► Best for blogs and other non-sensitive websites

2. Organization Validation

This is the minimum certificate suggested for e-commerce portals.

The Certificate Authority (CA) validates domain ownership & other information through the use of public databases.

The major difference between DV & OV is the company validation is done by the Certificate Authority. It’s not as extensive as EV (detailed below), but potentially better than DV.

Organization Validation:

► Requires 2-3 business days to activate
► No clear advantage over DV certificates
► Minimum for e-commerce portals

3. Extended Validation

This type of certificate is highly recommended for any website where a transaction is happening.

Obtaining the DV & OC certificates are easy, whereas EV certificates require a strict authentication process.

This type of certificate displays the organization the certificate was issued to in the browser.

Most banking, finance, and e-commerce site use EV certificates as it offers the most popular green HTTPS address bar.

Extended Validation:

► Takes about 7-10 days to activate
► Recommended for organizations looking to have the popular green HTTPS address bar

Types of SSL certificates based on secured domains

This is going to be an important decision for anyone who is planning to buy an SSL certificate.

Apart from the above three, you also need to pick the certificate type based on domains & subdomains you have.

Let’s quickly look at the different types of SSL certificates based on supported hostnames.

1. Single Name SSL Certificate

Only a single hostname is secured with this SSL type.

For example, if you buy a certificate for, it will not secure or

Note: A Single Name SSL Certificate can also be used to secure only a sub-domain.

Ex: You can secure and not

2. Wildcard SSL Certificate

This one secures unlimited sub-domains for a single domain.

For example: Purchasing a Wildcard SSL certificate for will also allow me to secure:

► and so on…

However, it will not secure

3. Multi-domain SSL Certificate

A multi-domain SSL certificate supports all different domains & subdomains. 

This is highly recommended for those who have multiple domains & subdomains.

4. Unified Communications Certificate (UCC)

While doing the research for this article, I got to know more about this type of certificate.

UCCs allow customers to protect up to 100 domains using the same certificate.

Unified Communications Certificates are specifically designed to secure Microsoft® Exchange and Office communications environments.


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