Monday, 19 November 2018

Memory Allocation Specifications


Most web hosting providers are upfront about things such as disk space and bandwidth. However, not all tend to share details about memory allocations.

eCommerce Web Hosting, Web Hosting, Hosting Guides, Hosting Review

What exactly is memory allocation in web hosting and how does it become really vital for an eCommerce hosting plan? Memory allocation, as the name suggests, refers to the amount of memory that is allocated to your specific hosting account. Naturally, for eCommerce websites, having an ample amount of memory becomes especially important.

Unlike blogging sites where most users just tend to read or comment, an eCommerce store can have users comparing and browsing multiple products. This means more and more calls can be made to the database and higher amount of memory or RAM can be consumed. Thus, it is crucial for you to ensure that your eCommerce hosting plan comes with sufficient level of memory allocations — most unlimited web hosting providers tend to provide only a limited and lesser amount of memory on shared hosting plans.

Security and Backups


Does your web hosting provider have a backup policy? Also, what about restoring from such backups? Can you do it in one click or will your hosting provider do it for you?

Things can go wrong at any step. Running an eCommerce store means you should always keep regular backups of your data. There is hardly anything worse than losing business because of a faulty hard drive or server failure. Keeping multiple copies of your data can ensure such problems are fixed in good time. With that said, it is always a good policy if your web host maintains backups of your data on a remote location. You should consider opting for a web hosting provider that supports services such as JetBackup — this can help you restore your content within minutes should something ever go wrong.

In terms of security, your web hosting provider should always run the latest versions of tools such as cPanel/WHM as well as any other server-side scripts that might be installed. Outdated versions can pose a security threat for both your site as well as your users’ data.

SSL Certificates


When speaking purely in terms of requirements, your eCommerce store does not really need an SSL certificate if it is not accepting or storing user data. For example, if you are selling digital goods and sending your users to PayPal to complete the payment, you do not need an SSL as you are not handling payments yourself.

However, not having an SSL certificate for your website is a risk that you should not take. Google nowadays considers SSL as a ranking factor, and most users do not trust websites that do not have an SSL active, especially if the said site is an eCommerce store. Obviously, it is a wise investment to install an SSL certificate on your site.

Let’s Encrypt SSLs can work for basic eCommerce stores, and your web hosting provider should offer that without any additional cost. However, you can also opt to buy separate SSL certificates that come with greater and enhanced validation as well as longer duration of validity.

It is a good idea to talk to your web hosting provider about the type of SSL certificate that you might require. A good web host will always be able to answer such questions and also guide you in the right direction.

Speed Enhancements (SSD vs HDD, Server-side Caching)


You will need to take extra measures to ensure your eCommerce store runs fast and is not sluggish or slow. Having caching plugins (if running WordPress or a similar CMS) as well as database optimization measures at hand can be a good strategy to follow.

But what about your web host? For the most part, every decent eCommerce hosting plan should be backed by some level of server-side caching solution. This can help in providing a performance boost for your website.

And what about the storage disks? The debate has long been ongoing about SSD vs HDD, and there is no clear winner in this regard. Going by the textbook definition, SSDs are always faster than HDDs, but there are various other considerations too. For instance, an SSD hosting plan provided with poor memory will fare worse than an HDD hosting plan with better memory allocations. As such, make sure you consider all the aspects as mentioned above, but with all other things being constant, SSDs are faster than HDDs. This is especially useful for database-driven applications, such as WordPress (WooCommerce) or OpenCart, etc.

Friday, 16 November 2018

Cloud hosting, Shared hosting, Web Hosting, Hosting Guides

As web hosting evolves as a service in a bid to cater to the needs of various customers, hosting providers are often asked about the peculiarities of every hosting service, cloud and shared hosting in particular. This query, asked by bloggers, web professionals and businesses alike, has often been a subject of discussion so as to come down to a better decision while choosing a hosting package. However, both shared as well as cloud hosting have their own characteristics which allow its deployers to make the most out of them. But having said that there are some shortcomings to them as well. This article aims to illustrate the difference between cloud and shared hosting and shed light on their pros and cons.

What is Shared Hosting?


Shared hosting is a type of web hosting service which allows many websites to share a physical web server as well as its resources among hosted websites. In a shared hosting package, ideally a server is split between multiple users and each user ends up sharing a specific amount of bandwidth.

Hence, users share resources like RAM, disk space with other users. Think of it this way- you are living on rent in a house with your roommates. Since you are living in the same house, all resources present in the house will be shared by everyone living in it. Shared hosting functions in the same way.

What are the advantages of shared hosting and when can it be used?


1. Shared hosting is easy to deploy – One of the major reasons it is used is, it reduces the time to get online drastically because of its simplicity in terms of deployment.

2. You are free of administrative responsibilities – This means your hosting provider pretty much takes care of all technical responsibilities (like the maintenance and upkeep of the server) and you need not necessarily have technical knowledge.

3. Cost-effective – Shared hosting is cheaper than other hosting packages. This again can be attributed to the fact that the resources are shared.

4. Easy management – You can avail cPanel, a web hosting management dashboard that allows you to manage your website or even download applications with the help of Softaculous. With Softaculous, you can download more than 300 applications and scripts with just a click.

When can shared hosting be deployed?


While shared hosting as a service can be deployed in almost any situation, we suggest you deploy the same in order to make the most out of it when-

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◈ You want a solid web presence without too much of investment
◈ You do not have a lot of monthly visitors/traffic on your website
◈ You are a startup in the initial phase of your business
◈ You have limited needs in terms of resources like disk space, RAM etc.

What are the shortcomings of shared hosting?


Shared hosting does not allow websites to serve a large number of customers primarily because it has limited amount of resources to support the website’s traffic. This is a key drawback of shared hosting. In addition to this other disadvantages include:

1. Sluggishness – Since shared hosting jointly caters to a number of stakeholders, there is a chance that users may experience slow speed since other users request the same resources.

2. Server downtime – Since multiple requests are to be served, the server can get overwhelmed by the sheer number, resulting in a downtime or even crashing eventually.

3. Little or no control over features – You do not have much of a say when it comes to which features you want since you inevitably share the same features as other users on the server.

This is how one can look at shared hosting as a service with respect to its pros, cons and in which situations it can be best deployed. Cloud hosting, on the other hand, is much different from its traditional counterpart. Let us look at what Cloud hosting is all about, shall we?

What is Cloud Hosting?


Cloud hosting is a type of web hosting service wherein you can procure computing resources with the help of a cloud computing facility to host data, web services and solutions. You can use resources of multiple servers rather than restricting yourself to a single server location. In cloud hosting, it is the facilitator of the resources that oversees its set up, security and maintenance.These computing and storage resources are spread across virtual machines to help balance the compute loads.

What are the advantages of Cloud Hosting and when can it be used?


1. Easy scalability – Since cloud hosting has a setup of a large stack of resources, it is easy for users to scale at large, that too quickly. This means as the requirement of a business increases over time with respect to web traffic etc. cloud hosting allows users to amplify and add more resources without any hassle.

2. Faster page load time – Deployers of cloud hosting experience faster page loading time because the hosting service integrates caching mechanism.

3. Storage space – The space provided by cloud hosting is immense. This is a major bonus for web professionals who want to build applications for their clients. Moreover, since the storage space is huge, cloud hosting deployers can also host multiple websites within the same hosting and control or maintain the same through a single cPanel.

4. Recovering lost data – Cloud hosting allows you to recover lost data with the help of backup mechanism tools. This primarily benefits users since data is stored in a different location i.e at data centers.

5. Saves operational and capital expenditure – Cloud hosting allows you to save major upfront costs because the hosting providers take the responsibility of maintaining the infrastructure. Hence, your deployment time, effort and eventually cost is saved.

When can cloud hosting be deployed?


To make the most out of a service like cloud hosting, you need to make sure that you set it up when-

◈ You are an e-commerce website expecting high traffic
◈ You want to pay only for the number of resources utilize
◈ You do not want to buy hardware
◈ You want to expand your business across various locations, globally
◈ You want to store a large number of files

What are the drawbacks of cloud hosting?


1. Platform dependency – Cloud hosting may limit some users by limiting them to one vendor, causing vendor lock-in. Major differences between the vendor systems can restrict users from migrating from one cloud platform to another, which can lead to increased costs. However, this problem can be countered by understanding what vendors are offering. Since most vendors use the same open source components, migration can also become easy.

2. Limited control and flexibility – Cloud Hosting providers’ policies and SLAs may sometimes limit users to varying degrees in terms of what they can do with the service. However, not every service provider imposes such a restriction.

What is the difference between Shared Hosting and Cloud Hosting?


Before we begin with the differences, let us first understand that cloud and shared hosting serve different purposes although they are both web hosting services. Shared hosting is deployed when you want to quickly go online. Hence, as a user you don’t want a service that is expensive or time consuming. Cloud hosting on the other hand is more about configuring the right resources, deploying the right servers with proper disk space etc.

So, keeping in mind the purpose that they serve, here are a some major differences based on the parameters of scale, security,traffic etc.

Parameter Shared Hosting   Cloud Hosting 
Scale Limits the scale since resources are limited.  Provides large scope to scale. 
Security Shared environment can increase susceptance to attacks but can be secured with SSH.  Security is much better than shared environments with multiple layers of recovery options and anti-malware solutions. 
Traffic In shared hosting, websites cannot serve a large number of visitors at a time because they have a finite amount of processing power and storage capacity.  With cloud hosting, websites can serve a huge number of visitors at a time since the storage capacity and processing power is much higher. 
Resources and Configurations With shared hosting, a server’s resources are divided to host a large number of websites.  With cloud hosting, multiple servers pool resources together to host a large number of websites. 
Performance Shared hosting is not too fast as compared to cloud hosting for the simple reason that the number of servers deployed are less.  Cloud hosting typically outperforms shared hosting simply because a large number of servers are deployed.
Pricing This depends on the provider but shared hosting is usually cheaper than cloud hosting packages.  Cloud is a tad bit expensive in comparison to shared hosting.

Wednesday, 14 November 2018

If you are thinking of creating a website for your business, it’s likely that you have researched enough to know about our hosting solutions to put your business on the Internet, such as hosting and site builder.

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But do you know the difference between them? And what is right for your business? Below, we’ll help you decide. Check it:

Website Hosting


Staying in a hotel room means you pay to occupy space or a room for a period of time, right? Well, to work, online content – such as blogs, websites, and online stores – must be stored within a large computer called server. Hiring hosting service for a website means renting a space within a server to store all the information of your website.

The hosting works as an online folder, which contains all the information of your website, including administrative data to which only you have access, and as an extremely versatile platform that you can use to start building your site. For this, there are several platforms that you can install via cPanel, such as WordPress, which is one of the most popular tools for creating blogs and websites, and Magento, specializing in eCommerce.

If you have no experience in creating websites or a professional technology to create the design for you, you can find it a little difficult to do this in the beginning. In this case, it is better to opt for the option below.

Website Builder


They are ideal for anyone who needs to create a website in a short time and has no knowledge of IT or web design. With simple and intuitive systems, you can even create pages, add text, photos, maps and videos using ready and editable templates.

To air, the site created using a site builder, it must also be hosted on any server. But in these cases, you usually don’t need to worry, because the hosting is already included in the package.

They are designed to be simple. To build and manage the sites made with site builders, you may not have all the flexibility and other features that a site created from scratch has.

This makes a big difference in hosting and website builder is that in addition to the first being a platform and the second a tool, the hosting behaves as a blank canvas, a platform where you can create a website in the way you want, provided you have some knowledge or a professional to develop your project. Meanwhile, the site builder is a tool designed for those who want something simple and fast, in which creation can be much more limited.

Before choosing between a conventional hosting and a site builder, evaluate what are your goals with your website, whether or not you have someone who can develop it and be sure to consult with our team to know about other available options!

Monday, 12 November 2018

If you're unsure how to answer the common question "what's the difference between Cloud and cPanel hosting?", take the time to read this article that delves into the technicalities of Cloud and cPanel hosting as well as the basics of how web hosting works.

Cloud Hosting, cPanel hosting, Web Hosting, Hosting Learning

A website is made up of files – these files can be code, graphics, animation, video and so on. To be able to have a website you need somewhere to store these files so that people can access them via the Internet. So, much like leasing a home to live in, you lease web hosting space for your files to 'live in' on the Internet.

There are hundreds of different technologies and configurations for web hosting, each delivery different but benefits for websites. The two most popular forms of web hosting are "Cloud hosting" and "cPanel hosting", but what is the difference between these products and which of these would best suit your business?

Cloud hosting


Apart from being a popular marketing term there is substantial meaning behind the word 'Cloud' and it’s relevance to the potential power of this hosting environment.

In web hosting 'Cloud' means that all web hosting services (DNS, mail, web, ftp, database) run on multiple servers rather than a traditional single server. This ensures that a failure in one server will not cause downtime for your website.

cPanel hosting


cPanel web hosting service is well known in the hosting industry and for business alike. It's currently the world's most popular hosting control panel and one that the majority of users are familiar and comfortable with.

cPanel is commonly installed on a standalone server and, while this will generally work well "most of the time", it does mean that all services are susceptible to failure if that server fails, or need to be taken offline for maintenance.

So, how to choose between the two> When choosing between Cloud and cPanel it is important to look at the features of each hosting option and compare the differences.

User Interface


Though the UI might not seem important, it is the first difference most people notice between the two control panels.

A Cloud hosting control panel can have either a basic, clean or complex UI which enables users to manage their website and other standard features. Depending on the provider this may or may not provide more than its cPanel counterpart. This is due to many new providers coming into the space creating their own proprietary control panels.

As a widely-used hosting control panel, cPanel has undergone considerable development over the years where additional features have been added to allow users to make change through an interface rather than a hosting configuration. For users that are reliant on a UI, cPanel will be the most likely choice, as more customers would be familiar with the cPanel interface due to its widespread use within the industry.

Server infrastructure


It is important to know the clear difference between how Cloud and cPanel are hosted, so that you are chooseing the right infrastructure for your business. Cloud hosting services (PHP, web server, databases, email, DNS) all run on individual and separate servers. This means there are a group of computers dedicated to supporting server applications that are utilised or can be readily utilised with no downtime.If you were hosting your website on a service which was not clustered, if the server attached to that service crashes, your website will be offline until the server is fixed.

cpanel on the other hand, is commonly hosted on a single server. All services (web, email, database, DNS) are all reliant on this one server to be running every minute of everyday, representing a single point of failure. This means there is a substantial benefit to choose Cloud as this provides greater performances and reliability.

Load Balanced


Servers often become overloaded; this is common among web hosting providers which affect the performance. The load balancer prevents such bottlenecks by forwarding requests to servers that are best suited, thus balancing the load.

Cloud hosting is load balanced, allowing all client requests to be distributed across multiple servers. This ensures that response time for visitors to your website is faster and the site is more tolerable to faults.

cPanel is commonly not load balanced, therefore, Cloud hosting becomes the relevant choice for web sites that require higher performance requirements.

Technology


Cloud providers are now adopting new web server technology to keep up with the change in the environment, specifically with more ecommerce stores using highly intensive applications such as Magento. Litespeed is a web server, which is high performing and reads Apache server configuration directly, it also out performs a standard Apache configuration on all benchmarks conducted.

cPanel currently uses a standard Apache configuration unless configured otherwise by your web host. This configuration is common in the industry and is perfect for most website found on the internet.

Domain Name Servers (DNS)


DNS is the first step to a faster performing website, for most cPanel customers the DNS will be served locally from the same server as the hosting. Cloud hosting on the other hand, leverages a single DNS cluster. This cluster utilises a number of nodes (servers) strategically placed across the globe to provide an enterprise level of DNS redundancy.

In summary, there are a number of differences between Cloud and cPanel. Cloud hosting is a faster platform that is technology advanced. Whereas, cPanel will most likely appeal to users who want an aesthetic interface and additional functions, also let’s not forget about the millions of users that are familiar with the platform. So when choosing a hosting platform take into consideration the functionalities you will need for your website, who will be managing your website and their technical knowledge to manage your hosting infrastructure.

Friday, 9 November 2018

Websites need space to host data and run their scripts and applications. This space is provided to them by servers – either Linux or Windows servers. Both Linux and Windows servers have been used in the hosting industry since long. Users choose them according to the applications or programs they are implementing on their site.

Linux Hosting, Windows Hosting, Hosting Guides, Web Hosting

Both Linux and Windows servers have their pros and cons but Linux servers are most widely used in the recent years due to Linux being an open source, robust and secure operating system- one with well managed file system. The main advantage of Linux is that it has a large community comprising helpful people and so there are more Linux users in the world.

More than 80% of developed applications use Linux Server due to ease of application development and faster execution.

Below are major differences between Linux and Windows Servers:


Features Linux Servers Windows Servers 
Console Linux mostly provides CLI console which requires lesser memory. Windows provides GUI console and so it requires more memory, otherwise it hangs.
Security  Linux provides many levels of security like iptables, tcp_wrapper and pam.  Windows provides security in the form of firewall only.
Control panel  Since Linux is open source, it has many open source control panels for managing hosting but most commonly used control panels are cPanel/WHM and Plesk which are paid. In Windows server, most commonly used control panels are Plesk and WebsitePanel. 
Application language  Applications developed in PHP mostly use Linux. Except PHP, other languages like Perl, Python mostly require Linux only. Applications developed in ASP.NET use Windows. 
Database  MySQL is most commonly used database in Linux server.  MSSQL is most commonly used database in Windows Server. 
Application level security  Linux has many application level firewalls like ModSecurity which protects website. There is no or lesser security on application level in Windows server. 

Also most applications that run in Linux server can be also run in Windows server but Windows can’t provide full functionality and security as compared to Linux Server.

Linux or Windows servers – which one to choose?


It depends on the choice of users – which platform is needed by their applications for faster execution. Today most applications are developed in either PHP, Perl, Python, Ruby on Rails, Java etc. and all these need Linux server for faster execution and high security.

Monday, 5 November 2018

There are many types of web hosting plans available in today’s market, thus it can be difficult to decide which one would be best for you. As soon as you think you have finally narrowed down your choices, that’s when you find out about another type of web hosting plan that could possibly suit your needs. With so many choices, making that final decision can be a very confusing process.

Managed Hosting, Colocation Hosting, Web Hosting, Hosting Guides, Hosting Reviews

Even after you have decided upon a specific kind of web hosting plan, you then have to consider the sub-types of each type of web hosting. For example, you may choose dedicated hosting, however you then have to decide whether you want managed or unmanaged web hosting. Some of the web hosting types are very similar, and to the untrained eye there is seemingly no difference. If you;re having trouble deciding between colocation and managed web hosting then this article may help you make an educated decision that you won’t regret after the fact.

Managed Web Hosting


Managed web hosting is actually a form of dedicated web hosting. With managed web hosting you’ll have a dedicated server that is used only by you, however you will not have full administrative control over this server. In other words, the web hosting provider will be responsible for maintaining the integrity, performance, and reliability of the server. Since you will not be responsible for the administration of your server, you’ll have an added cost as you will essentially be paying for the continual service of the web hosting company. Many people choose this solution since it is much more convenient than having to manage the server themselves. This solution is especially optimal for novice users. Managed web hosting is considered one of the most expensive types of web hosting plans, right behind colocation hosting.

Colocation Hosting


Colocation is similar to dedicated hosting, as you will also have a server that is used only by you. However, the main difference is this server will actually be yours and will not be leased by you but will be owned by you. In other words, you will have to actually buy your own server which will cost thousands of dollars in startup capital. With dedicated hosting you’ll be leasing the server which is far cheaper than colocation hosting. Colocation hosting lets you store your private server at a facility that is specifically designed for server security. Therefore, colocation hosting is basically a server storage solution for larger corporations and businesses. For this reason, colocation hosting is the most expensive kind of hosting available.

The Main Differences


The primary difference between colocation and managed hosting is the amount of control you have over your server. With colocation hosting, since you actually own the server, you’ll have complete control over the server, however you’ll also need the ability to do so. With managed hosting you’ll be leasing the server and you won’t have to worry about the hassle of maintaining it. For most people managed hosting is the desirable solution between the two.

Friday, 2 November 2018

Many people seem to forget that there are other hosting options apart from the cloud. The amount of effort and technology invested in storage solutions has made it possible for a range of company-specific options. In contrast with the cloud, managed hosting and colocation are similar solutions that dedicate physical machines to a client. It is therefore important for all entities to analyze different hosting solutions before making a determination on the most suitable.

Cloud Hosting, Colocation Hosting, Managed Hosting, Web Hosting

A point to note is that; there are clear differences among available products which is why proper expert analysis should be done to match your needs. Apart from the other differences we are going to discuss within the article, the main difference between managed hosting and colocation is the party responsible for the hardware. For the cloud, servers are virtualized so that clients are sharing a physical machine.

Cloud  


Ease of scaling is cloud’s greatest advantage over the rest, but it is also important to consider the other alternatives. For cloud hosting, you only need to pay for what you need, thereby saving clients the need to invest in expensive infrastructure. Cloud service providers (CPS), are charged with infrastructure management so that there is enough time for the internal teams to concentrate on revenue generating activities.

Organizations must be careful when choosing their cloud hosting providers, especially those that are required to comply with various standards and regulations. Companies handling sensitive data should possess appropriate certification and utilize the most recent security measures to protect information. The cloud service should guarantee availability as extended downtime could result in heavy losses for their clients. Customers should be able to make requests, perform transactions or other business without undue interruption.

Pros

◈ Higher savings as organizations that rely on the cloud do not have to acquire expensive hardware or software.

◈ Information on the cloud is easily accessible from different devices with only a few clicks. Here, data is centralized to ensure that vital information is available to anyone with clearance to access it.

◈ On the cloud, all documents and files can be emailed or shared in a near-instant. This means that necessary information can be transmitted at any time without using so many enterprise resources.

◈ The cloud is a virtual environment that eliminates the costs involved in expanding storage space, memory and processor power.

◈ Automatic data backup to the cloud is a great advantage that saves data recovery time and money if there is a system failure.

◈ Businesses do not need to hire more employees to enjoy proper cloud hosting which is easily set up by the existing team. Cloud applications do all the hard work that would otherwise be left to employees, ultimately saving time and money that is then dedicated to other pressing business needs.

◈ Top class security is a near guarantee with cloud hosting as most vendors take care to choose the most secure data centers. For sensitive information, the providers offer passwords and encryptions as an extra security measure.

Cons

◈ You might not get necessary support when you need it in the cloud. Vendors do not always provide contact information which is a red flag for businesses handling sensitive information. This is a huge risk to carry in this era of malware that could easily infiltrate systems on the cloud.

◈ There may be compatibility problems for employees trying to access information from different devices.

◈ Since it is online, the cloud hosting may be vulnerable to threats and malicious hackers. This is why experts recommend that organizations seek assistance from IT firms to ensure that their data is properly secured.

◈ The client doesn’t have the power to dictate the tools and methods of data backup and handling, which is a major downside for companies that would wish to have some influence over their files and documents on the cloud. Lack of insight into your network proves troublesome as you wouldn’t tell when there is a bug, hardware problem or other problem affecting your system.

◈ Without a proper internet connection, you will be unable to access the cloud and this could prove troublesome in case of emergencies. Low bandwidth also compromises the quality of audio and video among other files. Quality may also be affected if too many people are on the internet at the same time.

◈ The cloud might become expensive if the service provider keeps charging additional fees. Some essential features may be missing with the hosting services which would reduce the quality of the cloud as a hosting service for your business.

The cloud may be the perfect solution for small businesses or startups without great data needs but are looking for competitive backup and management options. It is an inexpensive solution but only if the organization makes the right choice of service providers. There is a need for a thorough understanding of the types and the actual amount of support provided by the hosting company.

Choose the right cloud hosting provider for your business


To benefit from cloud hosting, an organization must look for a provider that meets specific needs. Some of the important facts to check include:

◈ The hosting provider should disclose their recovery capabilities in the event of a disaster.
◈ A good service should be able to prevent attacks to your system before they can cause extensive damage.
◈ They should submit all necessary audits for your type of company and adhere to compliance regulations

Colocation


This is a solution for which organizations must bring their own hardware including switches, servers, storage, and software. In this case, the hosting service provider is only responsible for monitoring, maintenance, and backing up. Colocation is popular among companies that must meet specific compliance or data protection requirements. It is also sought after by institutions that need to broaden their current data center without actually paying for construction.

For some businesses, colocation is an important alternative in case disaster strikes. This option is most preferred by organizations with purchasing power for servers and ability to pay people to manage them. Colocation offers clients maximum flexibility over hardware as they are free to use custom storage configurations and fancy servers. It is viewed as an alternative for the maturing startup that can no longer rely on the cloud to meet their unique needs.

It is important to consider the scalability of the colocation service, to ensure that you can expand and reduce services according to your deeds. The provider must be clear about how they intend to maintain and store data without leaving out cooling and power information. If they are not ready to provide this information, services may not be rendered as promised; a situation that could cause data loss and trigger legal suits.

PROS

◈ The client has freedom of choice over hardware and software to be used for their data. Companies that cannot afford their own data center but feel hesitant about using third party hardware are the perfect candidates for colocation.

◈ Colocation offers more flexibility than managed hosting as customers can host anything as if it were their own data center.

◈ This option carries a lower risk of network outages due to redundant systems that allow the network to stay up even after a system failure. Colocation providers use virtualization to ease data recovery after an outage.

◈ On-site monitoring is done round the clock to identify potential issues and promptly inform customers about them.

◈ Colocating servers in a common environment benefits smaller organizations that wouldn’t afford to invest in data centers. This option allows them to get more bandwidth at a lower price and access to staff that they wouldn’t afford otherwise.

CONS

◈ Colocation is initially expensive for all organizations as they must procure software and hardware. Some service providers offer cost-friendly solutions but signing up for their package may mean compromises on important features like security.

◈ Companies have to fix problems with their hardware and this may prove impossible for some that cannot promptly handle arising issues.

◈ Some service providers offer pre-built storage configurations at a lower price but this means less control over the software and hardware.

◈ Organizations must send their staff to the co-location centers so they can check on their equipment. This is time-consuming and demands selection of data centers that are close by for ease of travel. Choosing a data center so close to your business may be a bad idea in the event of natural disasters as it would further complicate the data recovery process.

The pros and cons of colocation indicate that not all companies make good candidates for the solution. Management must weigh their options to ensure that colocation is the perfect solution according to their needs. If you can afford the hardware and need to eliminate third parties, colocation is the best option.

Cloud and colocation services are similar in that the client companies realize cost savings through the aid of a shared facility. The main difference is the fact that cloud service providers supply and manage the full hardware infrastructure, as well as servers, storage, including network elements.

Managed Hosting


‘What is managed hosting?’ This question is difficult to answer since it is a term that has grown to be ambiguous. Each service provider delivers slightly different version from the other, but all of them dwell under the popular banner of ‘managed hosting’.

Usually an extension of dedicated hosting, Managed Hosting is the concept where client purchases dedicated hardware from a preferred hosting service provider. The required hardware is leased to a single client by the hosting company. The solution here may be offered as a service or utility-based model and it is the provider’s duty to maintain the hardware and provide support. Thus, the main advantage of this hosting option is that you do not have to do the job yourself. The in-house IT personnel will be left to concentrate on other matters.

PROS

Managed hosting providers typically offer services in the following discernible categories:

◈ Support: This effectively upgrades your infrastructure to enable secure hosting. It may be achieved by outsourcing and managing data centers, desktop and network support operations.

◈ OS monitoring and management: This is the process of backup, security management and provision pf patches for the protection of OSs. Proactive monitoring is important to prevent compared to recovering from attacks.

◈ Application management (AM): The process of managing maintenance, operation, upgrading and versioning of applications throughout their lifecycle. AM includes procedures and best practices to ensure optimal performance. This approach is great for individuals and organizations looking to free up the internal IT team.

◈ Server Monitoring: This entails scanning and searching any bugs and potential failures. Server monitoring aids in detecting possible issues for the expert to rectify before the bad happens which may lead to disruption.

◈ Server configuration and maintenance: For the hosting company to be relevant to the customer, a team of specialists is hired to ensure that the server is configured according to client expectation. This is also effective if you plan to make things run smoothly.

◈ Flexibility: Managed hosting is not a one-size-fits-all service but a flexible solution which gives the client the freedom to choose a service that would match the budget including other needs. It is also flexible when a client decides to expand the services where the platform will effortlessly be scaled according to the latest needs.

◈ Limited cost of operation: It is costly for a company to have in-house managed hosting compared to outsourcing it. And according to economics, ‘if the cost outweighs the benefits then that’s a call for a change of tactics’.

◈ Effective use of resource: Hiring an expert IT staff can be costly for most companies. It is for this reason you need to outsource the hosting services including taking care of daily running and server maintenance. This means that the in-house IT staff will focus on other more important tasks.

Managed hosting providers have faced many challenges, making it better for them to handle any emerging issues with your business systems. Your organization doesn’t have to incur hardware costs or constantly take up the expense of upgrading to current technology. This hosting solution cuts manpower costs, freeing up an organization’s budget for other activities.

CONS

◈ The service provider might slack on their job, and this might translate to downtime and fines for your organization.

◈ Upgrades are not guaranteed and the client cannot dictate storage configurations or hardware type.

◈ Having third parties handle company data may compromise it especially if they are not ethical professionals.

Wednesday, 31 October 2018

If you’ve ever registered a domain name, the registrar probably offered to host your website for a small fee. Or maybe you signed up with a third-party hosting company, either one of the ‘free website hosting’ vendors or one that charges a fee, and received an ‘account’ with which you could create or upload your website content, set up email boxes, and so on? In either case, what you received was a Managed Hosting account. Simply put, this means that the hosting provider ‘managed’ everything that was required to give you an online presence for your website – the hardware (web server and networking equipment), software (web server and email software, site creation software), the internet backbone connection, maintenance, upgrades, backups, and so on. Once signed up, all you had to do was create your web pages, set up your email boxes, and order any other additional services you wanted.

Colocation Hosting, Managed Hosting, Web Hosting, Hosting Reviews
Windows HyperV Virtualization Architecture
Incidentally, the above scenario described a typical shared hosting account – which just means that many customers such as yourself shared space and resources on a single server, which has been designed to host multiple accounts simultaneously. An alternative to this is a dedicated hosting account, often referred to as a dedicated server, or in some cases, a virtual private server. As with shared hosting, your provider owns and manages the hardware, and takes care of all the infrastructure details (networking and internet connectivity), backups and maintenance. But in this case, the entire server is dedicated for just your use. Typically, the software installed on the server will allow you to host more than one website, and often you are allowed some control over how the server itself functions, which is NOT the case with shared accounts. There are variations in between shared and dedicated hosting – offerings called ‘virtual dedicated’ and ‘reseller shared’ and so on, but suffice to say that they are all different forms of Managed Hosting.

Colocation Hosting, Managed Hosting, Web Hosting, Hosting Reviews
Servers racked in a data cabinet
Colocation is a very different animal. With colocation, you purchase and own both the hardware (servers) and software that will host your web presence, AND you are responsible for properly setting up and configuring both. Depending upon your needs, you may also purchase a network device or two (switch, router, firewall, vpn appliance, etc) to manage traffic in and out of your servers. Usually these are not sold to you by the colocation provider, nor do they dictate what you can or cannot buy – you are free to choose the combination that best fits your needs. Once ready, you install your equipment at the colocation provider’s data center. They may provide assistance with this, but normally this is your responsibility. They provide you with space in a data cabinet in their facility, power for your equipment, IP addresses for your use (or a cross-connect to a dedicated carrier if you are bringing your own bandwidth), and an uplink port for you to connect your equipment to their network, which leads to the Internet. The better facilities are staffed 24/7, and will offer some basic support on request, but you are responsible for the upkeep of your equipment, and will be allowed physical access whenever you need it. The colocation provider is responsible for the security and upkeep of the facility, so that the space, power and bandwidth that they provide you are not compromised.

Let’s take a moment to discuss ‘bandwidth’ a bit more – part of any online presence is that all-important pathway to the Internet. With managed hosting, Internet bandwidth is an integral part of the offering, with the only questions being how much initial bandwidth you need, rates for overages, etc. In the case of colocation, bandwidth may not be automatically included in the provider’s offering. Many colocation providers have a ‘house’ bandwidth offering, which will typically be a blend of two or more major Internet traffic carriers, that they can deliver to you colo space at a reasonable cost. For many colocation projects, the house offering may be all that is needed. Colocation data centers will typically have several major carriers ‘on-Net’, meaning that the carriers have active service already present in the facility. If you prefer to get service from one of these carriers, either instead of, or in addition to, the facility house blend, you can order service directly from the carrier, then get a network cross-connect from the facility that will deliver the carrier bandwidth to you colo space. Depending upon the types of services and amount of bandwidth needed, one option may be more affordable or make more overall sense than the other – something that you must determine.

As you can see, Colocation is much more of a hands-on, do-it-yourself solution, as opposed to Managed Hosting. It’s called ‘colocation’ because you act like you own managed host, co-locating your equipment in a data center, instead of, say, trying to host it yourself from your home or office internet connection.

Monday, 29 October 2018

Surfing is the most common activity of people worldwide. We just type keywords or our favorite websites in URL(Uniform Resource Locator) to find our desirable webpage. However, it’s also interesting to know the processes behind your PC. A process which in tenths of a second pop up the page you look for. Computers and servers don’t detect our alphabetical language. Instead they have a numerical language through which they connect to each other.

Each website, laptop, tablets, mobile phones or anything which connects to the internet has an Internet Protocol(IP) address made up of numbers. We can recognize and remember only alphabetical names of websites which is ineffable to the servers. To bridge this gap, DNS plays a crucial role. It converts human readable domain names into IP addresses detectable to servers, thus acting as a translator. Let’s understand this in 6 simple steps:

1. The Query



The process is initiated by your urge to find a webpage for which you type a domain name (say mydomainname.com). Your browser sends a query on the internet to match your domain name with it’s specific IP address. First server to which your browser contacts is recursive resolver which further extends the process to other servers.

2. The Root Servers



DNS is a stratifies distributed naming system in which root servers are at the top which serve the DNS root zone. They are total 13 in number running throughout the world supported by thousands of servers. Each root server acknowledge the top level domains that’s why recursive resolvers interact with it to gratify your queries.

3. The TLD Name Server



In this hierarchical system, next comes the Top Level Domain(TLD) DNS name server. It stores second level domains under top level domain. After getting a query, it replies with IP address of the domain’s name server which will eventually answer your query.

4. The Domain’s Name Server



Now when recursive resolver knows which servers has the IP address your query is looking for, it contacts the server and gets the answer.

5. Website Appearance



You’re done! Recursive resolver assists your browser with the IP address it just discovered. Then the browser requests the particular website to retrieve its contents, reaching it through the IP address.

6. Response



The process seems to be difficult and time taking. Although it’s not. What do you do to surf? You just need to type the domain name and in a flash your webpage is displayed on your screen. This process doesn’t take even a second. It responds you promptly in tenths of a second.

Wednesday, 24 October 2018

Web Hosting, Hosting Learning, Hosting Guides, Web Hosting,

What’s the buzz in web hosting? While a lot of the industry’s focus is on tried and tested web hosting staples, equally as much is directed on the new technologies that promise more than ever before, and seem to be the solution to everyone’s problems – whatever it might be. Without any further ado, below is the current list of ‘hot’ items in the world of web hosting, alongside why they are causing so much buzz.

1. The Cloud


What is it?

The cloud (or cloud computing) is defined as computer hardware and software resources delivered to users as a service over the Internet. Basically, in cloud computing, users and individuals no longer need to manage their own IT requirements as applications, platform and storage are offered by third parties. For the individual, this might mean rather than having your own email server account and an email client installed on your computer, you simply open a Gmail, Hotmail/Outlook, or Yahoo! Mail account (these are the leading Cloud email providers at the moment – in fact the list goes on ad infinitum) and everything you need to send email is provided for you. For a business, it might, for example, mean ditching your Customer Relationship Management (CRM) software (and the IT guy who maintained it) in favor of something like a Salesforce.com account, where again, everything you need for successful CRM is available when you need it, and where you need to use it from. In fact, the cloud has developed to such an extent that a company’s entire IT capability can be farmed out to third-party operators, as can all of its communication and collaboration needs.

Why the buzz?

The cloud is on everyone’s lips, probably because the term has crossed over to mainstream usage. What’s key to the buzz is that if they aren’t offered free of charge, cloud services are generally provided (or perceived to be provided) on a pay-per-use basis – that meaning you only pay for what you use. That’s the kind of language CEOs, CFOs and accountants understand, so there is a strong perception that the cloud is a solution businesses must engage as quickly as possible to save costs and develop efficiencies.

2. Green Hosting / Green IT


What is it?

Possibly the most self-explanatory of the current buzzwords used in web hosting. Green hosting, or Green IT, is essentially web hosting which is powered by ‘Green’ electricity – electricity generated by alternative energy sources. These include windmills, solar energy, tidal energy, wave power, hydroelectricity, and geothermal energy, amongst others. Often web hosts simply buy carbon offsetting which means they buy certificates from companies that invest in alternative energy sources and ways of reducing carbon footprints. The amount of carbon a web host produces is calculated and that is offset by, for example, buy purchasing power saving light bulbs for use in third world countries – the amount of carbon saved by the power saving light bulbs offsets that which the web host produces. However, some hosts take extreme measures. The Deltalis RadixCloud data center is located deep within the Swiss Alps in a space formally used by the Swiss Air Force’s High Command. They actually use the cold water from melting glaciers to cool their premises.

Why the buzz?

Global warming is breathing down everybody’s neck and in the past hosting was one industry that people pointed fingers at – energy hungry, often inefficient, and often leaving a huge carbon footprint, web hosts had to change their ways rapidly, and be seen to change their ways. If the quality of a hosting service is the same at two companies, who wouldn’t use the provider that has ‘green’ credentials?

3. Reseller Hosting


What is it?

With a Reseller Hosting account you can use the server space and bandwidth your account has been allocated by a web host to host third-party websites. This can be done for a number of reasons – programmers might need the hosting space to manage the applications they are developing, while website design companies might offer full commercial packages that include ‘website design plus hosting’ options. A number of Internet-related businesses can use this type of hosting.

Why the buzz?

Reseller Hosting is a quick and easy way for a number of Internet companies to make passive income – they sell hosting along with whatever their products are and charge for it on a monthly/annual basis. Beyond that, reselling is an easy way for entrepreneurial types to get into the web hosting business. Web hosts generally offer lots of support to resellers, provide tools that allow them to build a white label business of their own using their resources and often utilizing their business know how. A reseller has his/her own company name, telephone number, premises, and to the end user can appear wholly independent of the web host providing the services. A number of top web hosts started life as resellers.

4. Dedicated Hosting


What is it?

Most websites are built on shared web hosting accounts. That means that hundreds (possibly thousands) of websites sit on a server and compete for the server’s resources (bandwidth, etc.). Websites on shared accounts can sometimes respond very slowly, and in rare cases, not be available to end users because there is too much activity on the server. Dedicated servers are different. They are not shared by lots of people or companies, and the resources (CPU, RAM, etc.) offered by a particular server are ‘dedicated’ to the renter’s needs. That might mean a dedicated server runs a single website with all server resources dedicated to its operation. Alternatively, the renter might have hundreds of websites, but he/she alone is in charge of allocating resources for each website.

Why the buzz?

Dedicated Servers often provide a better user experience for people visiting websites and also offer a genuine guaranteed uptime. With a dedicated server, you know what you are getting and you can scale your hardware as your website or websites grow. You can add very specific configurations to a dedicated server, and with Root Access you can install any software you wish. Dedicated Hosting offers peace of mind, flexibility and reliability – and that’s always hot.

5. Open Source Application Hosting


What is it?

Open Source software is produced by volunteers and available free of charge to end users. There are hundreds of examples of such software available which often enable people to create sophisticated websites at a fraction of the cost of developing them from the ground up. Possibly the best known of this type of software is WordPress, which started life as a free blog software, but has now morphed into a very sophisticated Content Management System (or CMS) with which to develop websites. Other examples include Joomla, Drupal, and PHP-Nuke, but there are a host of others. Open Source software also includes software for specific purposes – for example, ATutor and Moodle are specifically designed for people who want online classrooms.

To compliment the software the Internet is awash with websites that offer ‘themes’ that can be downloaded free of charge to give a website specific functionalities, and a specific look and feel. Often these are free; some cost a nominal fee, and for a little more you can have your template customized so it meets your exact requirements. Recognizing the popularity of Open Source software, many web hosts now offer web hosting specifically designed for Open Source applications. Such web hosting accounts allow you to install the software you need using a control panel and immediately start working on your website – no fuss, no code, no technical knowhow required.

Why the buzz?

Although the Internet was once seen as being something of an egalitarian platform, the costs involved in developing an attractive website with all the bells and whistles are prohibitive. Open Source software is the software for the rest of us – software for the people. It gives people a chance to be the next big thing on the Internet without having to break the bank to do it. Open Source Application Hosting simplifies things even further by making Open Source software immediately accessible and usable.

Monday, 22 October 2018

Shared Hosting, Dedicated Hosting, Web Hosting, Hosting Guides, Hosting Learning

Let’s start with the basics: shared hosting and dedicated hosting. Neither system is right for everyone, so it pays to identify your needs and do your homework.

Shared Web Hosting


On this platform, one physical server is shared by a number of users who tap into the same resources. Everyone shares the cost of storage, bandwidth and other features. Web neighbors can’t access other accounts or websites, so the system is safe and secure. Its cost-effectiveness and ease of use make shared web hosting a popular choice. Even beginners can start using it almost immediately.

We'll set up your server and install the necessary software. All you have to do is upload your website or other web-based system. Using the simple control panel, you can create and manage your database, email account and other tools for doing business.

If at least one of these statements describes you, shared hosting may be an ideal solution:

Your business is small to mid-sized

Your traffic is limited to a few hundred monthly visitors

The content on your website is frequently updated

You have no earthly idea how to configure a server, install and upgrade software or perform technical maintenance

Why Choose Shared Hosting?


If you’re new to web hosting, a shared platform is great for learning the ropes. It’s perfectly adequate for businesses and websites that have light to moderate web traffic and don’t require complex, customized server configurations.

You could think of it like a large house shared by several roommates. Expenses for things like food, cleaning supplies and electricity are divided. If the fridge stops working, the kindly landlord lives right next door. The arrangement saves everyone money, and things work out nicely provided no one drinks directly from the milk carton.

Dedicated Web Hosting


With this option, you’re the sole user on the server. Its capacity and resources are all yours. This gives you much more control over its configuration and overall operating environment. There’s also a wider variety of services and software to choose from.

Not every business needs all the bells and whistles that dedicated hosting provides, but it might make sense under the following circumstances:

Your business is continually growing and adding products or services, so you need the control and flexibility to customize the server, choose your software and adapt the system to changing needs

Your website features a significant amount of video streaming and high-resolution photos

You want a unique IP address that you don’t have to share with other websites

Your business handles extremely sensitive transactions, so you require enhanced security features

What Else Should You Know About Dedicated Hosting?


Understandably, having a dedicated server all to yourself costs more than shared hosting. After all, there are more features and resources to choose from. Unless you have very good technical skills or strong tech support in your company, you’ll probably need a package that includes building and maintaining the equipment.

These additional features come at a price, but they’re worth it for clients who need complete control of the operating environment and a little extra security.

Friday, 19 October 2018

When choosing a server for your business, you have a few different options to pick from. While many companies use Windows-based servers, choosing a Linux server is probably your best bet. Why exactly is a Linux server better than all the rest? Here are a few of the advantages of using a Linux server.

Linux Server, Compare Hosting, Web Hosting, Hosting Guides

Most Stable


Using a Linux server make sense because it is considered to be the most stable platform in the market today. You don’t have to worry about rebooting the system or downloading updates constantly. Linux is very stable and it rarely crashes. It is possible to have the server up and running for hundreds of days consecutively without ever having to shut it down. With a Windows server, this simply is not the case.

Best Performance


Linux is also known for having the best performance of any server that is available today. With Linux, you can have a large number of users working off of the same server without any problems. It is also an ideal server to use for networking purposes. It can be connected to many different devices without running into problems along the way. When you get a Linux server, you’re getting a server that has a good reputation in the industry for having the best performance overall.

Open Source Code


Another big advantage of using a Linux server is that the code is open source. With other operating systems, the code is not available to everyone freely. With Linux, the code has been out there for a long time and it has been reviewed by thousands of programmers from around the world. These programmers have thoroughly reviewed the code and worked out any bugs that were present in the operating system. This has helped to create a platform that runs more smoothly than any of the other programs in the market. With all of this review, it also helps to strengthen security because any holes in the code have been fixed.

Multitasking Capabilities


When using a Linux server, you also have the ability to multitask. Linux is known to be able to handle many different programs running at the same time. With other operating systems, they may put certain programs into “sleep mode” when you open something else. With Linux, the program can continue running in the background while you are working on something else. This makes it easier to multitask and make sure that things are happening when you are not necessarily looking at the program running on the screen.

Flexibility


The Linux platform is known to be very flexible and adaptable to many different situations. Since it is from an open source program, programmers can customize it based on what you need. With this level of flexibility, it also makes the platform that much more secure. You can customize the security aspects so that they are unlike anything else out in the market. You can make the platform much more secure by varying the security protocols and systems that are in place. By hiring a programmer, you can implement new techniques and strategies within the operating system that can match exactly what you need for your business.

Linux servers are superior to other servers in the market, and as a business owner, you owe it to yourself to investigate them. Even if you’re not familiar with how they work, check them out before making a purchase.

Wednesday, 17 October 2018

“The historical reasons why you might’ve wanted to go for a subdomain don’t really apply as much, and that leaves you with, okay both are on the same domain, overall, and so it’s really a question of which one is easier for you..” - Matt Cutts, Head of Google’s Webspam Team, Halloween 2012

Domain, Subdomain, Web Hosting, Hosting Guides, Hosting Learning

With his brief message in late 2012, Cutts updated the ongoing dispute between between making use of subdomains and subdirectories. Google has basically made the two virtually equal in the SEO game, where previously subdomains were given an edge for the ability to provide a sense of unique linking.

And so, we’re back to fundamentals. What is the case for using either on your primary domain? With subdirectories, the answers are more simple to understand, as the structural difference is rather minor. Subdirectories are a partitioning of a single domain, whereas subdomains manifest a virtual split from that single domain.

If you as webmaster are a one person operation, or web development is a very small part of what your business is actually up to, then subdirectories are the place to start, and possibly stay. As you grow, or plan to expand, the subdomain may come into play. Subdirectories are easier to set up and in general, are easier to manage. With subdirectories, you can generally add things to a site in short order, i.e. testing an installation. While you can do this via subdirectories on a subdomain, it is likely not worth the effort to do this as an early and sole purpose for a subdomain.

Perhaps the most simple reason to not just dabble in subdomains is the realization that the general user online doesn’t get this internal debate among administrators of the web. To them, it is not understood that www.example.com is a subdomain for example.com. So, if adding in a standard subdomain, like news.example.com, it may confuse some who think a ‘www’ must precede whatever is being presented as the domain.

Here are the reasons for why and when a subdomain makes good sense:

◈ Differing languages for site content. Wikipedia is prime example of this with 280+ languages that contains a lot of the same content for each subdomain, while intentionally allowing for variation as well. Wikipedia generally adds two character subdomains to the primary domain, such as “en.wikipedia.org” or “fr.wikipedia.org” for its English and French sites respectively.

◈ Differing regions for same products or services, looking to achieve a local brand. Franchises may follow on this path as well. This allows the local or regional management to employ the core features at the primary domain, while also managing content that is unique to its own location specific customer base. Craigslist is a decent example for this use of subdomains.

◈ Differing product lines for same brand. This is more strategic and where expansion in an organization comes into play. This may be better realized via a hypothetical situation. Say a video game website has obtained a core audience that visits the site for say discussion on role playing games (or RPG’s). Now, with more resources available, the site owners wish to become a prime resource for current news in the entire video game industry. As this could possibly disrupt the flow on the primary domain, or alienate some hardcore RPG visitors, the subdomain, along lines of news.videogame.com allows for a strategic and significant distinction from videogame.com/RPG-forum.

◈ In each of these situations we see a common theme – all have far more resources and personnel for managing site content compared to a smaller operation. With the 2012 update from Google, the choice for webmasters is really a matter of own resources and organizational strategies. In general, the subdirectory may be seen as less secure, as an attack on a subdirectory may expose vulnerabilities to the primary domain. The tradeoff though is that a subdomain will likely mean more coding and duplication of resources, including file security.

Monday, 15 October 2018

URL (Uniform Resource Locator) and Domain name are the common terms having relevance with internet or web addresses and are used interchangeably sometimes. Although these terms are absolutely dissimilar.

Web Hosting URL, Domain Name, Web Hosting Reviews, Compare Hosting

The major difference between URL and domain name is that URL is a string that provides the information location or complete internet address of a webpage whereas domain name is a part of URL which is a more human-friendly form of an IP address.

Comparison Chart


BASIS FOR COMPARISON URL  DOMAIN NAME 
Basics URL is a full web address used to locate a webpage.  Domain name is the translated and simpler form of a computers IP address (Logical address). 
Relation Complete web address containing domain name also.  Part of URL defines an organization or entity. 
Subdivisions Method, host name (domain name), port and path.  Based on sub domains (top level, intermediate level, low level) 

Definition of URL


When you want to access a website, you just write a web address in a web browser. Each web page is uniquely identified by a unique name (identifier) known as URL (Uniform Resource Locator). To extract the desired information the browser parses the URL and utilizes it to obtain a copy of the requested page. As the URL format depends on the scheme, the browser starts with extracting the scheme specification followed by determining the rest of the URL with the help of scheme.

URL contains full specification which includes a method, host name, port and path.

◈ The method specifies the protocol used to retrieve the document, for example, http, https, ftp.

◈ Host name string specifies the domain name or IP address of the computer where information is located, or server for the information operates.

◈ Port is an optional protocol number needed only if the popular port (80) is not used.

◈ The path is the file path in server more commonly the location of the file.

Definition of Domain Name


The domain name was invented to simplify the IP address and make it more human convenient and friendly. An IP address is a logical address (numerical label) assigned to every computer connected to a computer network. It basically identifies the location of the computer on the internet and also helps in routing the information. For example, 166.58.48.34 is an IP address. These are not so convenient to remember and hard to roll off your tongue.

Web Hosting URL, Domain Name, Web Hosting Reviews, Compare Hosting

The Domain Name System (DNS) converts a domain name into its specific IP address that computer want to communicate. When a user enters your domain name into a web browser, the browser uses your domain name to search and identify the correct IP address and as a result, passes the website associated with that IP address.

DNS has two distinct aspects; abstract and concrete. Abstract specifies the name syntax and rules for the names assigning authority. Concrete defines the implementation of the distributed computing system which effectively maps names to the addresses.

Domain also contains domain suffixes isolated by a delimiter character. Individual sections in a domain may represent sits or groups, but these sections are known as labels. Some suffix of a label in a domain name is also known as a domain.

Note that the domain name database is distributed among different machine (servers) that communicates through TCP/IP protocols rather containing it in a single machine.

Key Differences Between URL and Domain Name


1. The URL is the complete internet address used to locate a requested page and has a domain as its part. Whereas, Domain name is the simpler form of technical IP address which defines an organization or entity.

2. Domain name is partitioned into levels. The labels (sub-domain, domain suffix)are separated by delimiter character and follows a hierarchical naming system. On the other hand, URL provides more information than a domain name, and its partitions are method, host name (domain name), port, path, etc.

Friday, 12 October 2018

Managed hosting is service that can be provided by your web host if you run your eCommerce website on their dedicated servers, VPS or cloud networks. Whilst no two managed hosting services are exactly identical, generally, it means that your service provider will administer your hardware, operating systems and system software.

Web Hosting, Hosting Learning, Hosting Reviews, Compare Hosting

This usually involves your web host setting up and configuring hardware, installing and configuring software, undertaking system maintenance, monitoring, updates and patching, and offering 24/7 customer and technical support.

In addition, services such as backups, load balancing, disaster recovery, vulnerability scans, intrusion detection, DDoS (distributed denial of service) prevention and mitigation can also be included or purchased as additional services.

Overview of managed services


Here is a more detailed outline of the services provided:

1. Server setup: this includes the installation of the control panel (e.g. cPanel or Plesk) and operating system (e.g. Linux or Windows).

2. Performance monitoring: this includes monitoring of the server, databases and network.

3. Security scanning: using tools like the powerful MTvScan, your system will be monitored for viruses and other malware.

4. Application support: your host will manage the installation of supported applications and their updates.

5. Patching: to protect your system from security holes, your web host will install OS and application patches, updates and bug fixes.

6. Troubleshooting: if you call customer support with a server problem or if monitoring identifies any issues, the technical support team will take responsibility for putting it right.

7. Hardware maintenance: all maintenance and upgrading of hardware is taken care of by the web host.

8. Backups: your host will offer you the ability to backup and securely store your data so that, in the event of a disaster, recovery can be achieved much quicker.

Different types of managed hosting


Generally speaking, there are two types of managed hosting that you can choose from: fully managed and partially managed. However, users need to be wary when looking at different packages as some hosts offer a wider range of services than others.

With fully managed hosting, your host is responsible for the complete administration of the server, including technical maintenance and performance. With partially managed hosting, you will still be required to undertake some of the management of the server yourself. The option you choose depends up whether you have the time, expertise and need to partially manage your server yourself, or whether it would be more convenient for you to leave it to the experts.

There are also different types of server management services, depending on the type of hosting you have chosen. Whilst dedicated servers, VPS and cloud hosting all have similarities in how they are managed, they also have their own specific requirements. For example, VPS and cloud hosting both operate in virtual environments whereas dedicated servers do not. These differences may affect what is included in your managed package.

How managed hosting is beneficial for ecommerce business


Now that we have a better understanding of what managed hosting is, let’s take a closer look at how it benefits eCommerce businesses.

Preventative management


One of the biggest benefits of managed hosting is that it helps prevent problems occurring. Software compatibility checks, security scans and performance monitoring all help the service provider detect and deal with small problems before they develop into serious issues. This is very helpful for e-commerce sites that often have specific site requirements and a lack of in-house technical expertise.

Site loading speed


Slow loading speeds affect search engine ranking and turn customers away. It is estimated that every extra second that your pages take to load will cost you 7% of turnover!  Whilst some of the loading sluggishness can be due to the configuration of your website, it can also be due to server speed. However, with managed hosting your server is monitored to detect performance issues, thus ensuring your site loads quickly no matter how much traffic you are experiencing.

Availability


When your eCommerce site is offline, you lose business. Managed hosting, especially on packages where high-availability is guaranteed by SLA, helps ensure your website stays online at least 99.95% of the time.

Security 


There are all sorts of security threats faced by eCommerce sites and the visitors who use them: hacking, DDoS, infection, ransomware, data theft – the list goes on. A managed hosting service, however, takes care of much of the security for you: preventing intrusion, blocking viruses and securing your data so that you can continue to offer your services and products in a safe and secure way.

Reducing costs


Undertaking the management of your own servers would require you to have the in-house expertise needed to do the job to the same standard that your web host can. For most eCommerce companies, this would mean the employment of additional staff that would, in most cases, be more expensive than the managed service. Even if you already had IT staff employed, they could be put to more productive use if much of the admin work was passed over to your service provider.

In addition, a managed service can reduce costs by helping to prevent loss from performance and security problems and by removing the need for maintenance and upgrades.

Wednesday, 10 October 2018

Cloud computing is the latest buzzword in the internet space. As businesses try to find ways to cut costs due to increased competition and pressure on bottom lines, Virtual Private Servers, also known as cloud servers, have become quite popular due to their cost-effectiveness as well as other benefits that they provide.

As businesses try to find the best web hosting solutions for themselves, they get flustered learning the nuances of a cloud server and a dedicated server. Here in this post, we will the differences between the Virtual Private Server and dedicated servers.

What is a Virtual Private Server?


Virtual Private Server or Cloud Server model suits small or medium businesses that are looking to optimize their IT infrastructure yet don’t want to incur the higher costs of fully dedicated server hosting. VPS is just like owning a set amount of space in an office building. Virtual private servers provide the performance of a dedicated server running on a machine located in a shared environment. Through root access, customers get the full control of the server just like a dedicated server. So you can install or run any customized software or applications specific to your business needs.

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Unlike a shared server, the performance of the websites running on your server is insulated from the other websites. VPS servers give better performance and your websites load much faster than they would on a shared server hosting.

What is a Dedicated Server?


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A dedicated server is an ideal solution for the medium or large businesses that have outgrown a VPS server. Dedicated servers provide you the full control or nearly full control over your server for its use. Like a VPS, you may choose the operating system or compatible software of their choice which is most appropriate for your business.

Difference between Dedicated Server and VPS or Cloud Server


Majority of the VPS benefits of VPS are also applicable to a dedicated server. However, there are a couple of features that differentiate the two. Unlike VPS, you need to buy or rent the physical server, and also incur costs related to maintenance or management. Dedicated servers are mostly housed in Data centers, similar to collocation facilities, providing redundant power sources and HVAC systems. In contrast to collocation, the server hardware is owned by the provider and in some cases they will provide support for your operating system or application. You may either use a managed or an unmanaged dedicated server as per your convenience.

VPS servers cost far less than a fully dedicated server as you don’t need to buy any physical server or incur costs on managing or maintaining your server. VPS servers allow you to pay as much you use, on a monthly basis. So you pay only for what you have used never charging for anything extra.

VPS also provides you the flexibility to increase or decrease your resources depending on the actual demand. So for example, in case you are foreseeing a heavy traffic during a particular festive season, you can be better prepared by increasing the server specifications accordingly.

Selecting the right server is a crucial decision for your business. Depending your business goals, current requirements, future strategies, growth objectives, you may decide which server, Cloud/ Virtual Private Server or Dedicated Server, will help to meet the growing demand and give your users the best experience.

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