Monday, 16 September 2019

HMS Panel, Web Hosting, Web Hosting Reviews, Compare Hosting

HMS Panel is an all-in-one control panel designed for Linux server platforms. A multi-server solution, it offers a number of advantages to both the web hosting provider or the customer who needs a more efficient way to manage their dedicated or virtual private server. HMS Panel is secure, easy to use and loaded with an arsenal of features that will surely come in handy for administrators at all levels. Here is the rundown:

Complete Domain Management

HMS Panel provides a complete system for managing domains. Users can add domains and sub-domains to the IP address of their choosing whether it is located on or off the server. Wildcards can be added so that all sub-domains for a particular domain point to a specific IP address. You can also modify domain zone files along with CNAME records, A records and MX records.

Email Management System

Web hosting customers on the client side benefit greatly from features such as HMS Panel’s robust email management system. Users can easily create email accounts and customize their communications with forwarders, catch-all addresses and auto-responders. While customers have access to their messages via the control panel interface with SquirrelMail, they can also integrate Microsoft Outlook Express or their preferred mail client.

.htaccess Management

HMS Panel offers a robust .htaccess management tools that can be used to apply various settings to directories within a particular domain. This includes error handling with custom 401, 403, 404, and 505 redirects, IP and domain blocking, file and directory redirects, hotlink protection, directory browsing and much more. The .htaccess management console utilizes AJAX technology, making it a dynamic and very flexible system. While this system is very convenient, experienced administrators also have the ability to modify .htaccess via the standard control panel interface.

Web Application Management

Similar to most control panels on the market today, HMS Panel is integrated with a facility that enables customers to perform one-click installations of various pre-installed software applications. The software management console makes it easy to incorporate programs such as WordPress, phpBB, phpAdsNew, Gallery, Drupal and osCommerce among several others. These applications are mainly available due to user request, but the HMS Panel control panel offers the ability to install many more third-party scripts.

Advanced Security

HMS Panel was developed with advanced web technologies and security mechanisms. The software utilizes sophisticated API authorization to ensure that server communications remain protected. By leveraging an enterprise-grade authentication system, HMS Panel is able to better assure that web applications and network security features are properly configured. The software also uses process isolation, a technology that allows administrators to isolate web applications from one another, making it so that potential issues with one application do not affect others running on the server.

A Complete Control Panel Solution

Now on version 3.5.1, HMS Panel is quickly evolving to be one of the most remarkable control panels on the market. It has all the basic capabilities offered by other panels with a few qualities that make it stand out from rest. If you are in search of a new control panel for your server, give HMS Panel a shot with the free 30-day trial license.

Friday, 13 September 2019

Web Hosting, Hosting Reviews, Compare Hosting, DDos Web Hosting

Apache or Apache HTTP Web Server is one of the most popular servers due to robust software, strong security, exceptional performance and its economical value. Also it supports several popular programming languages including Python, Perl, MySQL and PHP. Additionally, all Unix, Linux, Windows and OS operating systems support Apache.

What is a DDoS Attack?

A Denial of Service or DDoS attack is an attempt by a malicious user to make system resources unavailable. This is accomplished by sending a mass number of packets to the server causing it to overload and lock up. Hackers generally target sites like banks, root name servers and credit card payment gateways.

A frequent attack method occurs when the perpetrator externally attacks the server so that regular traffic is left with little or no response making it unavailable. This results in the computer or server being reset or the communication between users and the equipment fails.

Preventative Measures

Luckily there are a few methods to stop these attacks. Many web hosting providers utilize a Proxy Shield that can handle a DDoS attack up to 4GB per second. This is one of the most effective security measures available to date. It is also one of the most expensive so only large corporations can afford them.

To handle smaller DDoS incidents, hardware and software firewalls will generally do the trick. These stop the DDoS attack in the initial stage so little information is lost and the equipment can function normally.

Preventative Measures for an Apache Web Server

There is a specific method to stopping a DDoS attack on an Apache Web Server called mod-evasive. This is a module configured specifically for the Apache web server that can stop even the hardest hitting DDoS attacks, can be used for traffic detection, work with firewalls and send abuse reports.

This measure creates an internal table of IP addresses that will deny any single IP that’s blacklisted, that’s attempting to access a page numerous times or that’s launching more than 50 simultaneous connections per second from the same line. This technique eliminates attacks from a single-server attacker to a highly distributed attacker.

Mod_evasion has a built-in scaling capability with a cleanup procedure. Due to the design, only scripted attacks are recognized and blocked so that legitimate requests remain in tact and functional. A user can even click the reload button numerous times in a row and the system will identify that it isn’t a threat.

Security has been an issue in the computing industry for years. With hackers becoming more insightful with workarounds, combating their methods is proving to be more difficult. This security measure adds an extra level of protection to those utilizing an Apache server.

Monday, 9 September 2019

Managed Hosting, Web Hosting Reviews, Compare Web Hosting

More small and medium sized companies are thriving due to the benefits of managed hosting. However, with the popularity has come various myths about this service that have done nothing but confuse interested customers. To keep you in line with the facts, this article will debunk five of the most common misconceptions about managed hosting.

1.) Managed Hosting is a Completely Outsourced Solution

The way some describe it, managed hosting is a type of service that completely alleviates you from server administration and daily management tasks, a fully outsourced service that does not require you to lift a finger. In most cases, this isn’t true. While you typically get far more automated assistance than offered by a dedicated hosting provider, the level of managed services all depends on the price, package and host you select. Even when signing on for a fully managed contact, you will still be responsible for design, promotion and the basic administration of your site.

2.) Only Inexperienced Users Need Managed Services

Many have the misconception that managed hosting is strictly designed for businesses and individuals who lack the abilities needed to maintain a web server. This comes from the fact that managing a dedicated server requires a certain level of technical skills, which is the reason that several choose to outsource these tasks to another company. Be that as it may, managed hosting can benefit all types of customers, even those who are well versed in administration and know their way around a web server.

3.) Managed Hosting is More Reliable

Almost all companies will promise you a respectable uptime and reliable service. The same holds true for managed hosting providers. Although you have your own server, there are still many incidents that could possibly result in service interruptions and downtime. The reliability you get from a managed hosting solution all depends on the company you choose. If they have taken the time to build a stable infrastructure with redundant systems, downtime should be a very rare occurrence.

4.) Managed Hosting is More Secure

One of the biggest misconceptions you can fall into is automatically assuming that a managed hosting provider will keep your server secure. Most companies take the necessary steps to detect and prevent common threats such as malware, intrusion, DDoS attacks and other exploits. What you should know is that no server or web hosting system is ever 100% protected. Different strains of malicious software are released on a frequent basis and hackers grow more sophisticated everyday. This is why it is so important for both you and your managed hosting provider to make security a priority.

5.) Managed Hosting is Cost Prohibitive

In general, managed hosting is more expensive that your typical dedicated server plan. However, it can also result in tremendous cost savings for your business. These savings are obtained by the fact that you don’t have to make any costly upfront investment on hardware, software or infrastructure. You can also spare yourself from having to hire a professional IT team. At the very least, you can keep staffing expenses to a minimum. Over the long run, managed hosting can be far more cost effective than leasing a dedicated server.

Wednesday, 4 September 2019

Colocation facilities are buildings that house the networking equipment of a business that can choose to have the facility manage the servers or they can monitor it themselves. Unfortunately if the facilities are inadequate, the result is damaged equipment and downtime which leads to lost business. The best features of a colocation facility are redundancy and capacity.

An Overview of Redundancy

Redundancy is the ability of a system to distribute the load from a failed system across the remaining pieces of equipment without any performance issues or overload. One major issue with colocation facilities is there is no industry standard, regulations or rankings. As a result, it is often difficult to detect the quality of the redundancy systems.

Redundancy Calculation

Redundancy can be calculated with the formula n+1 which indicates that a system is meeting its optimal capacity plus one unit. For instance, if two UPSs are in the overall power system, each should be running at 50 percent to balance the load. If one fails, the other system can maintain the load. If there are three UPSs then each manages 33 percent of the load and if one fails, they each handle half of the third.

In an ideal situation at a colocation facility, systems will be paralyzing redundant with many units running at the n+1 setting with each unit being able to manage the remaining load if all other systems fail.

Powering Redundant Servers

The most important aspect of redundant servers is power. Without it, the equipment will not work thus creating downtime. Power outages can stop the cooling systems (potentially resulting in equipment damage), fire suppressant systems and Internet connections which can be disastrous for the customer.

How to Maintain Redundancy

To maintain redundancy at the server level it is important to keep the colocation facility powered with generators in case of an outage, ensure the generators can handle a large power load and inspect circuit breakers and switches regularly. Switches tend to be the most common point of failure.

The basic premise is that colocation facilities should have backups of everything; backup and redundant servers, backup generators, backup of the backup generators, backup cooling and backup Internet connections. Although it may seem excessive, the clients that rely on these facilities to operate their business expect the best and close to 100 percent uptime. Maintain redundancy at a colocation facility takes a great deal of work to be secure.

Monday, 2 September 2019

Domain Name, Domain URL, Web Hosting, Hosting Reviews, Compare Hosting

They look very similar. But, many people may be confused between a Domain vs URL. In this article we will explain their difference and show some examples, to clarify these concepts.

What is a domain name?

Firstly, a domain name (RFC 1035) is an internet resource name. It locates an organization or other entity on the Internet. In general, a domain name is an address via which internet users can access your website. The Domain names are assigned as per the rules and procedures of the Domain Name System (DNS protocol). Any publicly accessible name in the DNS is a domain name.

To access any web-based service a user needs to use a valid domain name.

Examples of domain names:,,

What is an URL?

URL stands for the Uniform Resource Locator (RFC 1738). It is a unique identifier that is used for locating the files on the internet. It’s a web address, that we use to identify a specific resource on the network.

The URL contains:

◈ Protocol: usually HTTP or HTTPS
◈ Subdomain: usually www
◈ Domain name
◈ Path + internal page
◈ GET parameters

The Elements Of  an URL

http://                          www.                                          /p/top-10-hosting.html
Protocol                   SubDomain                         Domain Name                              Path + Page

Examples of URLs:

Domain name vs URL. How to extract the domain name from the URL

There are differences between URL and domain names. The URL is a string of information providing complete address of the web page on the internet. Whereas domain name is a part of URL which is a user-friendly form of IP address. We use the URL for identifying a particular web page.

For example, is a complete URL. “” is the domain name.

Moreover, the subdivisions of URL are done on the basis of the method, hostname (domain name), port and path. However, the domain name is a subdomain, domain and top-level domain,

What is a subdomain?

Simply, subdomain or also referred to as a child domain is domain name with a prefix. It is basically part of the main domain name. For example, is a URL and “www” is the subdomain.

The organization of domain names (by countries)

Each country organizes its domain names according to a hierarchy. So, the Internet domain names come in four major types.  For instance, they are top-level domains, second-level domains, third-level domains, and country domains. These domains are further segregated into the subsections so as to provide information about the various given domains.

For organizing the domain names for countries, each nation in the world is designated a top-level Internet domain. Each of them has a unique two-letter alphabetic code. Basically, each country has a specific entity, responsible to their top-level domains (TLD’s).

When we consider domain vs URL, only the domain name may have a relation with a specific country. So, the URL is not “country-sensitive”.

Some examples of country-specific TLD’s:

◈ Brazil – .br
◈ Italy – .it
◈ Portugal – .pt
◈ Mexico – .mx
◈ China – .cn
◈ Russia – .ru
◈ India –  .in

Examples of international TLD’s (domain extensions not related to a specific country):

◈ .com
◈ .net
◈ .org
◈ .info
◈ .biz
◈ .blog

What are the differences between HTTP and HTTPS in the URL

Hyper Text Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is a protocol. In other words, it’s a set of rules and standards.

Moreover, the hyper-text exchanged using HTTP goes as plain text. Thus this protocol is not secure and is susceptible to interception. Whereas, on the other hand, HTTPS is a secure protocol. It works in conjunction with TLS/SSL (Secure Socket Layer) certificate. The certificate, then, is to ensure the authentication of the flow of information between the browser and the server.

Sunday, 1 September 2019

Shared Hosting, WordPress Hosting, Web Hosting, Hosting Review, Compare Hosting

When creating a website, one of the most important decisions you’ll make is what type of hosting plan to purchase. If you use a platform like WordPress, you’ll need hosting in order for your website to be available online. What’s more, selecting the right option is vital.

Two of the most popular choices for first-time website owners are shared hosting and WordPress hosting. Shared hosting is a type of low-cost plan where you share space on a server with other sites. WordPress hosting (which can be shared or not) means that the server comes optimized with the specific platform in mind.

In this post, we’ll talk you through your main hosting options, and explain how to find a plan that suits your needs. Let’s get started!

An Introduction to Shared Hosting

Put simply, a web hosting plan is a service that enables you to rent space for your website on a server. This is what gets your site online, and enables people to visit it. There are many different types of hosting plans available, however, and each one differs in terms of price and potential benefits.

One of the most common options is a shared hosting plan, where a single server is split between multiple websites. This is in contrast to dedicated hosting, where a single site has a physical server all to itself. Shared hosting is a popular choice for new and smaller sites, largely due to its low cost (often $5 per month or less).

While price is the primary benefit, there are some potential downsides to this kind of hosting. You’ll have to share resources with other websites, for example, which means your performance can suffer if those sites get a lot of traffic. Security can also be a concern, although a quality provider will offer additional protections.

What’s more, a standard shared hosting plan is not your only option. You can also opt for something more specific to the platform you’re using.

The Differences Between Shared Hosting and WordPress Hosting

As the name suggests, WordPress hosting is web hosting that has been optimized for the needs of a WordPress website. It’s important to understand that this isn’t a type of plan in the same way that shared hosting is. WordPress hosting can be shared, dedicated, or something else entirely.

What matters is that WordPress hosting better meets the performance and security needs of sites built using the platform. You may also get access to platform-specific features such as pre-installed sites, automatic WordPress updates, and dedicated WordPress support.

The details of your plan will depend on the provider you choose, of course. In addition, many hosts also offer both managed and unmanaged WordPress hosting plans. Unmanaged plans leave site optimization and server management up to you. A managed plan is slightly more expensive, but provides you with a lot more help keeping your site running smoothly.

How to Decide Which Type of Plan Is Best for Your Site

Both traditional shared hosting and WordPress hosting are viable options, making it difficult at times to choose the right one. However, directly comparing the two can make the decision easier.

Especially when you’re first starting out, one of the main criteria to consider is cost. As previously mentioned, shared hosting is about as cheap as it gets. This makes it a perfect option for those setting up new websites and blogs.

However, you’ll find that shared, WordPress-specific hosting plans can be almost or just as affordable as more platform-agnostic options. For that reason, it’s well worth looking into a WordPress hosting plan for most sites. A WordPress plan will be carefully designed to address the needs of your specific site, which is a significant benefit.

If you have the budget for it, you may also want to look into managed WordPress hosting. While these plans are often pricier, you’ll have a more efficient and secure site that’s taken care of by platform experts. This is an especially strong option for those completely new to WordPress, as well as business owners who don’t have the time or expertise to handle performance and security concerns personally.

Ultimately, there’s no one ‘correct’ choice of hosting for every website. You’ll need to assess the individual needs of your business and site. However, most WordPress users will be better off with a plan that takes their specific needs into account, whether that’s a shared option or something more powerful.

Friday, 30 August 2019

Web Hosting, Compare Hosting, Review Web Hosting, Manged Web Hosting

Having the right kind of hosting account for your website is crucial to the success and sustenance of your online business. Making the wrong choice could result in loss of traffic, and several other server mishaps which ultimately decrease the value and reputability of your eCommerce efforts. Poor server management and resource allocation can cause anything from slow page loads to server crashes, and even decreased search engine ranking.

If you are opening a serious online business then you will want to consider a very high end hosting account such as VPS or dedicated hosting. As in any other business endeavor, the more features and capabilities you have access to, the more responsibilities you’ll have to deal with. Since VPS and dedicated hosting accounts are generally more complex, you’ll either need to have extensive technical knowledge, or a solution that provides adequate technical support and server administration.

Dedicated Hosting Types

The most expensive form of web hosting offered by most web hosting providers is dedicated hosting. With dedicated hosting you’ll be bale to lease a web server that is completely dedicated to your site’s needs. Dedicated servers are also very powerful, and capable of handling immense traffic surges and data transfer tasks. If you own a corporation or a medium to large sized business, then you will want to consider a dedicated hosting account. However since dedicated servers are so powerful, there are also more administrative responsibilities to deal with. Thus, there are two types of dedicated hosting accounts – managed and unmanaged.

Unmanaged Dedicated Hosting

The most affordable type of data hosting is unmanaged hosting. This kind of hosting does not include technical support or on-site server administration. Instead, you’re required to handle the server administrative tasks by yourself. Since you do not have to pay for the on-site support, the cost is lowered, however most people do not have the necessary technical knowledge to administer their dedicated server remotely. Thus, the most popular form of dedicated web hosting is managed dedicated hosting.

Managed Dedicated Hosting

If you are not tech savvy, yet you have a high demand for web server resources, then you will need to consider a managed dedicated web hosting account. Managed dedicated web hosting costs more than unmanaged services simply because you have to pay for the added cost of server administration. If you are on a budget, or own a small business, then dedicated web hosting of any kind is probably not for you. The main confusion that arises when people are searching for a dedicated hosting account is exactly what is included in the service.

Some web hosting providers only offer partially managed dedicated hosting accounts, while others offer fully managed services. The less technical knowledge you have, the more support you will need. If you have absolutely no experience with server administration, then you should probably look for a reputable and reliable hosting provider that offers fully managed dedicated hosting. Fully managed dedicated web hosting is perfect for individuals that are in need of a powerful web server and maximum convenience.

Thursday, 29 August 2019

PHP Web Hosting, Hosting Learning, Web Hosting Security, Compare Hosting
The most common security lapses online are usually the result of a faulty or lazy programmer that has left some sort of loophole somewhere. Most of the time, these web designers and developers have very little time to finish a project, placing security last on their last of priorities. For this reason many of the sub sequential errors are not discovered until they have resulted in serious security lapses for the end user or their network.


One particular programming language that is becoming increasingly popular amongst newer developers is PHP. PHP is perhaps the easiest programming language to use, and therefore often the most erroneously misused by inexperienced web programmers. PHP’s ease of use and minimal learning curve make it an optimal opportunity for any novice web developer to create software that is potentially insecure.

Insecure Web Applications

In the past hackers would infiltrate a network using any means possible, including using phishing techniques, identity theft, and any other method to compromise the security of a server or operating system. Now, the main focus has shifted to infiltrating the administrative interface of a website to gain access to online databases and server files.

The easiest way for most hackers to do this is to find a way in through one of many loopholes that exists in the site’s web applications. Web applications make the webmasters job easier and more convenient, however like many other tools that increase convenience, web applications come at a price.

Hiring Your Own Programmers

Since web applications have direct access to your site’s administrative functions, these web applications can be taken advantage of for nefarious purposes, and used to access your website’s control panel. This could prove to be disastrous, especially if you run an online business. For this reason it is best to avoid any new web applications that are built by unreliable sources. If you are planning on using a web application with a busy business website, you may want to hire a personal qualified developer to assist you in creating some custom web applications.

Wednesday, 28 August 2019

Every web site on the internet is hosted on a web server that is managed through the use of an operating system, similar to how you control your computer through the operating system. This aspect of web hosting is quite often overlooked, and a lot of novice webmasters don’t even know what kind of operating system their hosting plan uses. Nowadays, if you don’t know what operating system your hosting plan uses, there is a very good chance that it runs on Linux. This is because the Linux operating system is the default choice for nearly every web hosting provider.

Also Read: Linux Hosting

The cheapest and most reliable web hosting plans usually have Linux as their operating system because it is a free open source software that is easy to service and install. However, Linux wasn’t always so convenient or popular, and at one point it was only used by corporations with IT departments and in-house residents. Over the years, Linux developed into many flavors that are friendly to even the most novice user. The following are some of the most cited reasons for using Linux hosting instead of Windows.

Open Source Compatibility

As an open source software, Linux is compatible with virtually any programming platform other than those that are native to Windows or Microsoft technology. Some of the programming languages that Linux is compatible with that are incredibly popular are the three Ps – PHP, Perl and Python. Since the operating system is open source, new programming languages can be developed around the Linux base to ensure future compatibility, and existing languages can be amended to accommodate the Linux software. This allows hosting companies to provide instant support and continue expanding their technological capabilities within an open source platform. With a Windows server, hosting companies have to wait on updates from Microsoft, and they cannot add custom developments to the operating system.

Stability and Security

Surprisingly, even though the operating system is free, it is generally much more reliable than the Windows operating system because anyone can perform maintenance on the software without waiting for the operating systems manufacturer. This makes Linux a stable solution that can be maintained by anyone with the knowledge and willpower to do so. Linux is also one of the most secure operating systems, which is another reason why so many people use it for web hosting in an industry which security is of the utmost concern. The Linux operating system effectively keeps your web site free from worms, intrusion and third party viruses that can compromise the safety of your online business. This reliable protection minimizes downtime and keeps your site up and running without any problems more than 99.9 percent of the time.

Limited Limitations

The Linux operating system is not without its limitations however, as it is not compatible with some Microsoft based software that are commonly used by bigger businesses. For example, Microsoft Sharepoint could not be installed on a Linux server without virtualization software. Fortunately, if you’re experienced enough, you can install a visualization software and urn Windows within the Linux operating system, completely eliminating such limitations. Thus, there are very few limitations within the Linux operating system, and it is easy to see why it has progressed from a private to a public solution in the past two decades.

Friday, 23 August 2019

APS Hosting, Hosting Learning, Compare Hosting, Web Hosting, Hosting Reviews

APS is a unique hosting solution that offers some very unique features to the domain owner. APS (Active Server Pages) technology allows the design and creation of an interactive website to be completed via server-side scripting. Examples of interactive websites and/or features would be: forums, blogs, search bars, calendars, newsletters, email, surveys, polls, and hit counters.  Unlike HTML scripting, APS scripting will allow your website to be displayed equally on any web browser. The overall compatibility of APS hosting stems from the fact that the APS server decodes and translates the .aps info into .html info before it is received by the browser. This is the primary reason why it is called APS hosting, as it is more than just a type of scripting. In order to use .aps scripts, your hosting company must have APS servers available.

Finding an APS Web Hosting Service Provider

Even though most web hosts claim to support the majority of scripts out there, this doesn’t mean that they all support ASP scripting. ASP scripting is relatively new so it is important that you find a web hosting company that specializes in this area of expertise. Many times you can find out all you need to know form a companies FAQ page, however if you still have questions it may be best to call their customer support number for further inquiries.

ASP Server Details

ASP servers are Windows based virtual servers, much like  Microsoft’s Personal Web Server. While Windows Vista carries support for ASP servers,  XP Home Edition and Windows ME unfortunately do not support ASP scripts. However if your operating system does not support ASP hosting then it is still possible to take advantages of this kind of hosting, thanks to a program known as “Chili” made by Sun Microsystems. Chili allows users to enjoy the benefits of  ASP hosting even if they are using operating systems like Linux, AIX or Solaris, or even if you are using an incompatible server such as Secure Server, Red Hat, and Apache.

The Ease of Transition to ASP Hosting

ASP scripting is also strikingly similar to HTML scripting, so anyone who is familiar with writing code in HTML will have no problem making the transition to ASP scripting. In fact, ASP hosting is just as easy to learn as HTML, so even if you have no experience in scripting, ASP is still an option for you as long as you have a little bit of motivation and the right guide.  In fact there are many tools available online that will help even the most inexperienced programmers in building interactive web pages for their website. If your web hosting company does not currently offer support for ASP hosting, then you can rest assured that they will within the next few years, possibly even months. Due to it’s seemingly unlimited compatibility with web browsers, ASP hosting is quickly becoming the industry standard in web hosting. Switching to an ASP hosting service as soon as possible will ensure that your website is view-able to more users, and more enjoyable to your visitors.

Monday, 19 August 2019

Windows VPS Hosting, Web Hosting, Hosting Learning, Compare Web Hosting, Hosting Reviews

Short for virtual private server, VPS represents an increasingly popular type of web hosting that is established by partitioning a single physical server into multiple virtual servers. Each server has its own private environment and is capable of running independently from its counterparts. A VPS has its own fully developed operating system and can also be rebooted independent of the other virtual servers on the machine. A VPS offers much greater performance than a shared server and while it still lacks in comparison to a dedicated server, it does share many of the same qualities. A virtual private server provides you with a great deal of freedom and has garnered the reputation of being notably more affordable than a single physical server.

Microsoft’s Contribution

VPS hosting in enabled by a certain type of software that has the ability to control the multiple servers. With the introduction of Windows Server 2008 and Hyper-V, hosting providers have access to a more secure and reliable platform to deliver VPS solutions. Windows VPS hosting received its big start with Windows Virtual Server 2007, a platform that while serviceable, could not complete with offerings on the market by vendors such as VMWare. Thanks to Microsoft’s recent innovations, Windows VPS hosting customers are now ensured a dramatically improved performance that can be enhanced through integration with VMWare and other virtualization software packages.

The Advantages of Windows VPS

A Windows VPS platform offers an environment most administrators and developers really appreciate. The familiar Windows desktop interface makes setting up an account a seamless and easy process. Because of this, most users can easily adapt to and thrive in this environment. A Windows VPS server is ideal for individuals and businesses that have a need to run high-traffic websites, complex web applications, or custom services that simply aren’t recommended for a shared server.  With the array of new security features implemented into the Windows Server 2008 operating system, the Windows platform has become one of the most secure VPS hosting solutions available.

The Disadvantages of Windows VPS

There is one major drawback to a Windows VPS and that is the significant amount of resources it demands from the server. The good thing is that this problem can addressed by running the Windows 2008 Core installation. This gives you a scaled down version of the platform with select features and services. If you have a need to run a large number of applications, you might be better suited for a dedicated server as it will give you the best possible performance.

When comparing it to the open-source Linux operating system, another knock on Windows VPS hosting could be the cost factor. Linux and its core components are released under a license that allows them to be freely distributed and this is often reflected in the cost of service. Windows on the other hand, comes attached with costly licenses that can send the price soaring.

Minor drawbacks aside, Windows is an excellent choice for running a virtual private server. With the backing of reliable hardware, the superb performance, flexibility and security it offers makes it a VPS solution you definitely want to consider.

Read More: Windows Hosting 

Monday, 12 August 2019

Cold Fusion Hosting, Web Hosting, Hosting Learning, Compare Hosting

Now an Adobe product, Cold Fusion is one of the most powerful programming languages available. As a server-side scripting technology, it is used to create dynamic web pages and applications, quite similar to languages such as ASP, Perl and PHP. Cold Fusion gives developers the ability to create and deploy interactive features that power self-service applications, content management systems, e-commerce sites and much more. As a tag-based language, it is said to be one of the most comprehensive programming tools to use in the world. In order to enjoy all Cold Fusion has to offer, you need a web hosting provider that supports it.

This article will go over the factors you must consider when looking for Cold Fusion hosting.

Available Version

When it comes to Cold Fusion hosting, it is always best to choose a web hosting provider that offers the most recent version of the language. This will allow you to benefit from the latest features to create powerful, user-friendly web pages and applications. It also makes it much easier to integrate the language with the database system you prefer to work with.

Possible Limitations

Choosing the right Cold Fusion solution is very important as some environments prevent you from getting its full potential. For example, there are a few shared hosting providers that will limit the use of its tags because they are often viewed as security risks. This is mainly due to the mere structure of a shared server. This is very understandable as the vulnerability of your site opens potential threats to everyone else hosting on the server. You can get around these limitations by opting for dedicated server hosting. Though it is considerably more expensive, dedicated hosting gives you complete control over which tags can or cannot be used on the server.

Cold Fusion Features

Cold Fusion is a powerful feature in its own right but there are some minimal requirements. Most web hosting providers will set you up with everything required to get the maximum use out of this dynamic programming language. All that is really needed to excel with Cold Fusion is a complimenting database to provide back-end in support for your web applications. This shouldn’t be a problem as Cold Fusion integrates seamlessly with popular databases such as MySQL, Postgre SQL and MS SQL.

Cost Factor

Lastly, you need to consider the budget you have available to put towards a Cold Fusion hosting package. Because it is one of the oldest languages around, you can find Cold Fusion offered in many low cost hosting packages. However, some companies charge a pretty penny for all the advanced functionality it offers, especially when bundled with compatible Microsoft products.

In the end, it is mainly the complimenting features such as bandwidth and software add-ons that will impact the cost of Cold Fusion hosting solution.

While it goes without saying, Cold Fusion hosting is something you should only seek when having a specific need for the functionality it offers. Though it may not be as popular as ASP or PHP, the language is widely available. As with any hosting service, the most important aspects of this niche are reliability and quality technical support. A stable platform will give you all the ammunition you need to thrive with a Cold Fusion website.

Saturday, 10 August 2019

Web Hosting, Hosting Reviews, Hosting Certifications, Compare Web Hosting

If you want a website that looks professional but you are not well versed in programming technologies, FrontPage hosting could be something you’re interested in. This type of hosting is a great option for the website owner who wants a site that looks good but are working with very few coding skills and money. The powerful, simplistic technology behind FrontPage makes it ideal personal sites as well as small business ventures. This article will introduce you to FrontPage hosting and explain the advantages it offers to your website.

What is FrontPage Hosting?

FrontPage hosting is a niche market hosting that offers support for the FrontPage application. Developed by Microsoft, FrontPage is a program used to create and manage websites. It offers flexibility that allows you to design professional websites all without knowledge of HTML or complex server-side scripting languages such as ASP or PHP. Although programming skills are not required, the capabilities of FrontPage can be greatly enhanced as it allows you to format and edit HTML. This can all be done through an intuitive user-friendly interface that contorts to those familiar with Microsoft Office applications.

FrontPage hosting is much like conventional web hosting services. The major difference is the implementation of Microsoft server-based programming technologies known as FrontPage extensions. In fact, FrontPage is only effective if the web host has FrontPage extensions installed on their server. Though originally intended to run on Windows-based servers, FrontPage extensions can also perform seamlessly on Linux and Unix platforms as well. For this reason, FrontPage hosting can usually be obtained at an affordable price.

FrontPage Features

The functionality of FrontPage hosting was extended greatly with the release of FrontPage 2003. This version offered many new features such as a photo gallery, instant team websites and usage analysis reports. Other features like the drop-down menus, radio buttons and check boxes all simplify website development and ensure a smooth ride for inexperienced developers. FrontPage also offers a number of dynamic website templates that allow you to enhance the presentation of your site in minutes. While there are limitations in terms of development, FrontPage can help you create a data-driven site through XML (Extensible Markup Language), a process that is made easy with the built-in WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get) editor.

Who Needs FrontPage Hosting?

As mentioned above, FrontPage hosting is geared towards webmasters who lack web design skills. It is also best for users who do not require a significant amount of dynamic functions within their website. If you can get by with features that are simple yet appealing, FrontPage hosting makes a great choice.

FrontPage hosting is a straightforward hosting solution that caters to beginner developers. If you have a basic knowledge of Microsoft Office applications, you can truly excel in this environment. The comprehensive Graphical User Interface allows for easy web page creation while the WYSIWYG editor virtually eliminates critical mistakes. Though it is a niche offering, FrontPage hosting isn’t hard to find as a wide variety of companies offer support for the underlying technologies.

Friday, 9 August 2019

Web Hosting Features, Hosting Learning, Compare Hosting, Web Hosting Reviews

For a plethora of reasons, millions of customer are motivated to start a website.  Each new hosting acount accompanies a unique set of requirements.  Although price, customer support, and reliability are key points, features also play a major role in making a decision.  Features are often the most attractive part of a web hosting package and thy act as the foundation to any hosting account.   This article will talk about some of the most common features you will encounter when looking for service.

Email Tools

Email is the preferred method of communication for millions of individuals and businesses across the world.  Realizing this, web hosting companies provide all the email features needed to keep base with contacts.  Aside from multiple accounts, you generally get complimentary features such as webmail, autoresponders and forwarders to communicate effectively no matter where you might be.  Because unsolicited mail and virus infected attachments are a tremendous problem, hosting providers help you stay protected with spam filtering applications to dramatically cut down on those potentially dangerous messages.  Often overshadowed by more luxurious offerings, but email remains to be one of the most useful features in any hosting plan.

Shopping Cart Software

E-commerce is a driving force on the web and shopping carts are a big part of what enables this thriving industry.  If you have aspirations of selling your own products or services online, this is the type of software you need to make it happen. Shopping carts often come included in business or e-commerce hosting packages, usually at no additional costs.  In many cases, these programs can be easily installed through your control panel interface.

Programming Languages

Scripting or programming languages, have become common on the web hosting market but these features are geared towards more advanced users.  Some examples are open-source languages such as PHP, Perl and Ruby on Rails and proprietary technologies such as ASP and ASP.NET.  These programming tools serve benefit to developers and webmasters who are proficient at coding and building content from scratch.  A hosting provider that has these software packages installed on their server allow you to diversify your website with dynamic content that stand outs from static HTML pages.

Site Builders

Almost all web hosting plans come equipped with utilities that provide you the ability to create your site.  With most tools, you can choose from a nice selection of pre-designed templates and basically create your website in easy drag-and-drop fashion.  These utilities typically do not call for you to have any knowledge in client-side programming languages such as HTML or even server-side variations like Python or PHP.  In addition to integrated building tools, many host also offer support for standalone web design applications such as Dreamweaver and Microsoft FrontPage. These programs allow you to create your site offline and upload it to the server without the use of an FTP client.

Wednesday, 7 August 2019

Web Hosting, Web Hosting Reviews, Compare Hosting, Domain Name

Large web hosting companies such as GoDaddy are able to create television advertising campaigns that keep the public aware of their brand. These marketing campaigns are expensive endeavors involving a significant amount of time and effort to develop a strategy. The effort and cost is worth it. GoDaddy is a commonly recognized brand name, and the company has experienced immense growth by buying up start-ups, attracting top tech management, and expanding internationally. That’s good news for GoDaddy, but is it a solution for other web hosting companies?

Some Less Expensive Solutions

If you own a smaller web hosting business, a television advertising campaign is not going to be covered by your budget until you experience some growth. You need some ideas for more cost effective advertising, and could even use some do-it-yourself options. Here are a few ways small web hosting companies like yours can get name recognition and increase business.

Content Marketing

Like all of the advertising options you will come across for your web hosting company, content marketing can be started as a project on your own, or you can use a service to help you or take the task off your hands completely.

Since you are in the web hosting business, you are probably somewhat familiar with using content marketing as a way to get potential customers searching for information to find links to your website.  You create informative content that web users want to find. Placing keywords within the content will add your article to search engine results. You can start small with your own marketing team adding a blog with keyword content in each post:

◈ Write articles that are informative and easy-to-read to keep a potential customer engaged about web hosting services and related subjects.

◈ Aim for a variety of subjects, making sure to cover items that small businesses needing web hosting services would find helpful.

◈ Leave your blog posts open-ended to encourage comments, letting potential customers add their thoughts and get your answers.

Once you have the budget, you can hire content writers to give your blog entries a polished and helpful tone without taking up hours of the marketing team’s time. You can research other sites to place your content and add calls to action at the end of each article to direct customers to your website for more information, or hire a service to handle that for you.

Social Media

Social media outlets are also a good way to start advertising yourself on a small budget and to expand to hire professionals when your web hosting company grows and increases the marketing budget. Creating a social presence is simple for your internal team and powerful when paired with content marketing and professionals to maintain your social presence.

Do-it-yourself options begin with making sure that your web hosting company is present on Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, and Pinterest with regular, interesting posts that will make any potential customers feel like following your sites is informative rather than just an advertising gimmick. Use the sites to promote your content marketing articles in your blog, but be sure to mix up the style of your posts so they do not just promote other things. Some examples of this method are:

◈ Add quick, interesting statistics to your Twitter feed.

◈ Take a series of pictures from a trade show or demonstration of your web hosting process for small businesses, and add those photos to Pinterest.

◈ Follow professional groups for small business owners on Facebook, and later use Facebook sponsored updates and advertising options, choosing a daily budget that works for you.

Social media management is tied in with content marketing to create powerful brand awareness. Small business owners looking for help with web hosting will be exposed to your brand in a positive way if you keep your social media posts interesting and helpful. Target your potential customers for successful advertising. Remember that you need to engage any potential customer comments or feedback, which is another reason why an agency will eventually become helpful in managing your social presence as your web hosting company grows.

Banner Ads

Purchasing website banner ads is a good way for you to get your web hosting business name recognized. However, you will read about recent research that click through rates occur for less than one percent of page views.  Banner ads still have value.  They get eyes looking at your name and learning something about your web hosting services.

You can purchase banner ads for as little as $1/1000 views. At that rate, a banner ad for a site that gets 25,000 page views per month would cost $25. A top ranked website is going to charge more per impression.

The Best Sites for Banner Ads

Choose your purchase based more on the type of audience you want to reach than the cost per thousand views rate. Some important points to consider:

◈ A blog with good page view rates that offers advice to small businesses is more worth your money than a blog with huge page view rates that discusses international business.

◈ Look at the comments section for the site’s blog entries or articles. A lively comments section means readers are actively engaged.

◈ Purchasing space from a network of blogs can save you time and give you one point of contact for many different kinds of small businesses that could use web hosting services.

If you have the budget, a service can handle most of these decisions for you. However, if the budget is tight and you know what kind of niche you want, researching sites yourself is not too difficult. The staff at your web hosting company is going to be savvier about websites than the average small business, and a group discussion could lead to some great blog or news site suggestions that would be ideal places for your banner ads.

Get Your Name Out There

No matter what avenue you choose, if companies cannot easily find your name when searching for web hosting options, you will lose their business to competitors who have left an impression. Banner ads can bring your web hosting company into the mind of potential customers, and content marketing offering helpful and interesting articles, tied in with a social presence, will make those potential customers want to use your web hosting services.

Monday, 29 July 2019

Web Hosting, Hosting Reviews, Domain Name, Web Hosting Learning

With a growth in cyber crime, there are chances that someone might take control of your domain and your business might come to a standstill. Any hacker who manages to gain access to your web hosting account and your domain name registration can control your domain name, divert your website traffic to his/her website and access your email. In case the hacker manages to steal your domain name and transfer it to their name, then you will have to take the legal way to get the domain name back which can be complicated and time consuming. This sounds scary!

You can safeguard your domain name by ensuring domain name privacy. Before you go about doing that, it is important to have complete knowledge about domain name privacy and its benefits. Here are some basic tips about ensuring domain name privacy:

Renew Your Domain Names Regularly

You might lose a domain name if you fail to renew it in time. It is simple to setup a renewal process for your registered domain names. The domain renewal dates can be set up in your desktop calendaring program so that it warns you a month before or a week before the domain renewal due date. Many web hosting companies and domain name registrars issue a month’s notice in advance to let you know that the renewal date of your domain name is approaching. If you have registered a domain name for a very long time span, be careful as there are chances that you might not remember the domain renewal date.

Keep Your Account Secure

If anyone gets access to your web hosting or domain name registration account, that person can potentially hijack your domain name or transfer it to a new owner or account; therefore it is important to maintain the security of your account. Make sure that your account is protected by a strong and complicated password that is difficult to guess and does not get cracked by any hacker. You can also use additional authentication methods like two-factor authentication, a security token or a one time pass code that is sent through an SMS to a mobile phone. It is also important to ensure that the account password is changed if the person responsible for managing all the domain names of your account leaves your company.

Opt For Private Domain Registration

It is always beneficial to opt for domain name privacy. There are many domain name registrars out there that will provide you with domain ID protection or domain privacy with an additional charge. This is totally worth the investment and it is the best way of keeping your domain name details secure. If you register a domain with domain ID protection, your details will be blocked by the domain registrar. When people try to find your domain name information on the WHOIS registry, they won’t be able to see information like your name, e-mail address, home address and contact number. All they will be able to see is the name of your host as the registrar.

Use Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP)

EPP provides a higher level of protection for your domain name. You are assigned a unique Authorization Information Code (AIC) for every domain and this code must be given to the new registrar before transferring a domain name. If your AIC is kept secure and confidential, it provides an efficient form of protection to your domain.

Use A Professional And Permanent Email Address

When you specify your contact email address while registering a domain name, avoid the use of a free email address that stands a chance of getting expired if not used on a regular basis. If your email ID is no longer valid, someone else could use it in an adverse way and he/she can use the ‘forgot password’ feature to have the password emailed to their email ID.

Protect Your Personal Data

Online identity theft is a common issue. We take extreme care while protecting our privacy when it comes to critical information like phone numbers, bank details and the information we share on the social media websites. The same precaution should be taken when it comes to disclosing your personal details for your WHOIS domain record to avoid identity theft. A WHOIS domain record contains sufficient data for a skilled hacker or thief to start creating problems. Use of domain privacy covers your real information and no one can view it.

Stop Unwanted Solicitations

As your personal information is visible along with your domain name record, it is an open invitation for the sales people, telemarketers and spammers. There are many services that search WHOIS data for getting contact information. Once you register a domain with all the information, it will not take long for you to start receiving calls and emails about various services like SEO, content optimization, mailing services, freelance opportunities etc.

Protect Your Email Address

When you opt for domain name privacy, your registrar usually creates an alias or a unique email address that is used in place of your original email address in the WHOIS record. This email address does not remain the same; it is updated on a regular basis. This is done to stop the unwanted emails from spammers.

Prevent Domain Name Hijacking

Domain hijacking used to be a big issue earlier. Now, the domain transfers are locked by default by many domain name registrars after acquisition. As a lock is set, nobody can transfer your domain name away from you unless the hacker somehow manages to get access to your domain registration email and account. Opting for domain name privacy and hiding your personal information makes it extremely difficult for anyone who wants to get access to your account.

Monday, 22 July 2019

Web Hosting Review, Web Hosting, Hosting Learning, Compare Hosting

How to Select the Perfect Web Hosting Plan for your Business Website?

In the current commercial market, a website plays one of the most important roles in the success of a business. It is the second identity to your company and can act as your address, contact and even part of your brand image.

The quality and performance of your website depends a lot on its web host and the choice of the hosting plan. So if you don’t make the right choice, you are playing with the success of your website. It will eventually make an impact on your business, which could translate into a significant percentage of your profits.

So make sure that you have the perfect web hosting plan.

Your Web Hosting Needs

Web Hosting Review, Web Hosting, Hosting Learning, Compare Hosting

The first step to choosing the right web hosting plan is not to go around and do the research.

It is about evaluating your business’ needs from your site. We propose the following questions, the answers to which will help you begin your search.

◈ Are you going to host multiple domains?
◈ Are you going to have an e-commerce section on your website to support your sales?
◈ What will be your traffic volume?
◈ Where are your customers?

Ultimately you are simply choosing between the web hosting plans that fit best for your business. It is best to start to host with the provider that offers all major hosting plans, so you don’t have to jump providers, which they make extremely complicated while trying to retain their customer.

Major Hosting Plans

The next step will be to check the features of the 4 major hosting plans. Every decent web host will have these packages and many will have even sub-plans under these major plans. The features, benefits, and the limits can also vary from one host to another. Let’s check what each of these plans usually has.

Shared Web Hosting

Web Hosting Review, Web Hosting, Hosting Learning, Compare Hosting

If you have a small or mid-sized business website, a shared hosting plan can be an affordable and perfect option for you. Modern shared hosting plans offer a lot of disk space and bandwidth to meet the needs of small and medium sized websites. Shared web hosting can be good for small businesses that generate just average traffic.

As the name suggests, choosing a shared hosting plan means your website will be hosted on a server which is shared by many other websites. While your needs are fulfilled, it will be affordable. It is affordable because so many websites are sharing the cost of the server resources.

But there is something that goes against this plan too. Having so many websites on the same server could mean interference in the form of a decrease in performance. Other websites can have traffic spikes or software issues, and the results will have to be ‘shared’ by everyone on the server. If you can afford a little more (because quality comes at a little higher price) you should consider a dedicated hosting plan. A shared hosting plan could still have some restrictions in terms of traffic volume, software support and database support.

Dedicated Web Hosting

Web Hosting Review, Web Hosting, Hosting Learning, Compare Hosting

As the name suggests, a dedicated hosting plan will ‘dedicate’ an entire server to your website. Imagine the amount of disk space and bandwidth you will have at your disposal. But there is a catch to it – the price. It can be quite expensive because you will have to afford the cost of running and maintaining the server.

If your business fits into any of the following two categories, this can be the perfect hosting plan for you:

◈ You have a website that receive tons of traffic every day.
◈ You have an e-commerce business or some other niche operations that require the highest level of security for information.

So what are the other advantages of having a dedicated server? You will not have to worry about downtimes because of traffic spikes. The upper limits will be so high that your website will never slow down or have a downtime because the traffic just shot up. Besides, you will be able to customize the software programs and operating systems you want to install on the server. Dedicated web hosting is recommended for larger websites that have high traffic volume at all times.

This plan is usually available in two forms – managed and non-managed. The choice will depend on whether you can manage your server yourself or not. Many companies have their IT department taking care of their dedicated hosting plan. But if you want, you can choose the managed plan and get the web host to do the job for you.

VPS Hosting

Web Hosting Review, Web Hosting, Hosting Learning, Compare Hosting

A virtual private server (VPS) plan goes between the shared and dedicated web hosting plans. That may seem to be confusing. It is basically a shared server having other websites on the same server, but all the resources are divided in a fixed proportion. So you have an assurance that a spike in another website’s traffic will not affect your site’s performance.

As can be expected, VPS is more affordable than choosing a dedicated package. But it is highly stable and safer compared to a shared plan. It is similar to dedicated hosting in that it can handle a larger volume of traffic. If you have a large site that receives tons of traffic all the time, a VPS plan could be ideal.

The world of web hosting is quite complex. So we cannot just wrap up with these hosting packages. There is more to hosting your website than choosing one of these plans. Each of these packages will have several factors. You will have to consider them even when you are evaluating the above-mentioned 3 options. So these main factors are disk space, bandwidth, the quality and features of the control panel, technical support quality, guarantee of uptime, CMS and pricing. These factors will have certain limitations and it is up to you to determine that your chosen plan has these limitations meeting your specific requirements.

Cloud Hosting

Web Hosting Review, Web Hosting, Hosting Learning, Compare Hosting

Cloud hosting offers many advantages over both shared and dedicated hosting solutions. Your major benefit is being able to modify server speed based on your specific needs. For example if you are selling christmas lights, your traffic will peak few weeks before Christmas, this is when you will probably need more processing power and RAM.

Choosing cloud hosting also means additional security and reliability. Software issues in other cloud servers aren’t going to affect your servers. It doesn’t matter how the traffic surges take place in other cloud servers, your resources aren’t going to get affected. Besides, you will not have to worry about hardware issues too.

Cloud servers are known to have the best-possible reliability to cost ratio. They also offer you the benefits that come with cloud computing. If you are thinking of choosing or upgrading to standard dedicated servers, cloud hosting may prove to be more efficient economically. You will be receiving more resources and faster server for almost the same price. Even when you need additional resources, you could easily make adjustments. In cloud hosting traffic surges don’t cause any issues.

The major drawback is the storage location. Files to serve your website like images may be located quite far (distance wise) from the server that the request is being made to, thus extending the load time for the page.

Server Location

Web Hosting Review, Web Hosting, Hosting Learning, Compare Hosting

You should not only consider the choice of the web hosting plan, you should also take into account the location of the server. The ideal location will depend on a number of factors – your target markets, quality of hosting providers, and their connection to the communications network.

When choosing the location of your servers, keep in mind the distance for data to travel between the server and your users. This distance is going to affect the speed at which your website loads for your target audience. So if you have your target market in Germany, you should be choosing a web host that has servers located in Germany.

The hosting provider’s infrastructure and network are also going to have an impact on speed. So if your target market is the global marketplace, then having your servers in the United States could be a good decision. The communication infrastructure and connection to other networks is of the highest quality in the U.S.

Server location can also have an impact on your website’s search engine optimization. SEO is something you don’t want to compromise upon. Google takes server location into account for when trying to check if your site is relevant to a specific country. So if your server is located nearer to your target audience, it could be helpful in ranking higher. Besides, if your website is using distributed content delivery networks (CDNs) or if it is hosted in a location with better server infrastructure, it can also send a positive signal.

What is CDN?

Now that we have mentioned CDN, it will be worth explaining what it is and why you may need it. A Content Distribution Network or Content Delivery Network (CDN) is a server setup that enables faster and highly efficient “delivery” of your files, especially heavy media files. It will maintain copies of your files at different locations known as Points of Presence (POPs) across a global network. This helps speed up the process of file deliver and your website and content loads faster. This system thus eliminates the concept of server proximity to your target marketplace. So if your business involves delivering rich media such as photos, video or music to your target audience, you should consider choosing a hosting service that offers this system.

Monday, 15 July 2019

Web Hosting, Domain Name System, DNS Protocol, DNS Resolver, Web Hosting Reviews

DNS is the abbreviation of Domain Name System which is a stratified naming system for services, computer and for any other possessions attached to the network or internet. DNS (Domain Name System) is responsible to links a variety of information with domain names allocated to each of the participants. The main task of DNS (Domain Name System) is the translation human language into the binary code. It is also serve as the distributed database that offers mapping among Internet Protocol addresses and host names. DNS makes facilitate the client to consign a domain name to groups of internet users in a significant way.

The DNS (Domain Name System) share out the conscientiousness of conveying domain names and mapping those names to IP addresses by delegating trustworthy name servers for each domain. Authorized name servers are consign to be accountable for their exacting domains, and then allocate other reliable name servers for their sub-domains. This method has through the DNS (Domain Name System) circulated and error understanding and has helped keep away from the need for a single central register to be constantly asked and updated. Usually domain name system restores different types of data such as mail server list that recognize email for a specified internet domain. In short DNS (Domain Name System) is a compulsory part of the functionality of the internet.

DNS Protocol

The DNS protocols contain various kinds of DNS messages that are progressions according to the data in their message fields. DNS protocols consist of message type which consists of queries; updates, and responses, DNS (Domain Name System) query message format has fixed length which is 12 bytes. DNS Header has fixed length and all other such as Question Entries, Answer Resource Records, authority Resource Records, Additional Resource Records have variable length. There are many other type of DNS (Domain Name System) messages or protocol such as DNS query message header, DNS query question entries, DNS resource records, Name query message, Name query response, Reverse name query message, DNS update message format, DNS (Domain Name System) update message flags, Dynamic update response message.

DNS resolvers

The DNS (Domain Name System) client side is called DNS resolver which is responsible for starting and sequencing the inquiries that eventually guide to a complete resolution of the sources required. DNS resolvers and DNS server are performing recursively on behalf of the resolver.

Resolving typically involve iterating through numerous name servers to locate the desirable information. Some resolvers purpose simplistically and can converse only with a particular name server and these all called stub resolvers which are rely on a recursive name server to execute the work of finding information for them.

DNS related files

DNS (Domain Name System) consist of boot which is a BIND boot configuration file, Cache.dns use for uploading, Root.dns which is a root zone file, and zone_name.dns which is a used when any zone entered and configured for a server.

DNS Resource Records

DNS Resource Records contains alphabetic list such as A which is a Host address (A) resource record, AAAA which is a IPv6 host address (AAAA) resource record, AFSDB which is a Andrew File System Database (AFSDB) resource record, ATMA which is a Asynchronous Transfer Mode address (ATMA) resource record, CNAME which is a Canonical name (CNAME) resource record, HINFO which is Host information (HINFO) resource record, ISDN which is a Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) resource record, KEY which is a Public key resource record, MINFO which is a Mailbox mail list information (MINFO) resource record, MX which is a Mail exchanger (MX) resource record, NS which is a Used to map a DNS (Domain Name System) domain name, etc.

DNS Architecture

The DNS Architecture consist of the following

Domain name space

Domain name space included a hierarchy of domain names and every node has zero or many source record having information linked with the domain name. The domain name space tree divided into zones starting at the root zone. A DNS zone contains of a compilation of linked nodes convincingly served by authorized name server because a single zone can host multiple server at a time.

Domain name formulation

Domain name formulation contains one or many parts which is technically called labels that are usually concatenated, and surrounded by dots. The right label express the peak level domain and it move down from right to left .every label to the left side classify a subdivision of the domain to the right. Each label has 63 characters and not surpasses a total length of 253 characters. Technically contains character signify as octet. The ASCII characters are allowed and included A to Z and 0 to 9, and hyphen. It is called LDH rule. The domain name relate as a minimum one IP address.

Internationalized domain names

The allowable character set of the DNS prohibited the demonstration of names and words of a lot of languages in their inhabitant alphabets or scripts. The IDNA system has approved by ICANN which diagram Unicode strings into compelling DNS character set. ICANN accepted the installation of IDN country code domain.

Name servers

The DNS system is upholder by a dispersed database system. This system employs the client server model and the knobs of database are the name servers. Every domain has minimum one authorized DNS server which distributed information about domain and name server of every domain subsidiary to it.

Authoritative name server

It is a name server which is responsible to answer about the configuration that it is held by an original source. Only Authoritative name server returned answer to inquiries related to domain name that have been exclusively configured by the administrator. Authoritative name server can be whichever slave master which uses an automatic method of the DNS protocol in contact in the company of its master server which maintains alike copy of the master account. Each zone of DNS ought to be a set of authoritative name servers. After the registration of domain name their setting up has need of the assignment of a primary name server and minimum one secondary server. The necessity of manifold name servers intends to make the domain still practical yet if one name server happen to unreachable or untreatable. The title of a primary name server is exclusively resolute by the precedence specified to the domain name registrar. For this reason usually only the completely competent domain name of the name server is compulsory.

Recursive and caching name server

The authorized name servers are enough for the process of the Internet. While with the authoritative name servers working Each DNS inquiry should start with recursive inquiries fro the root zone and every user have to employ resolved software competent of recursive operation. The effectiveness can be improved by dropping DNS traffic across the internet and boost performance in end user. DNS cache servers also supported by Domain name system which has ability to store information for a long period resolute in the configuration and these caching DNS server also called DNS caches. The amalgamation of DNS caching and recursive functions in a name server is not obligatory. These all can be put into practice separately in servers for particular reasons. All ISP commonly offer caching and recursive name servers for their client.

DNS and Active Directory

The active directory of windows server uses DNS as its domain manager location system. For any type of task such as updating, authentication, searching etc any computer based on window server use DNS to allocate domain controller of active directory and all these domain controller use DNS to trace each other.


The previous means of name declaration for a Windows network was WINS. DNS is unlike than WINS because WINS is flat and DNS is hierarchical name space. Those clients and application rely on NetBIOS prolong to use WINS for name declaration. WE can get maximum competence by the mixture both WINS and DNS for a variety of network resources and services.


For DNS server of Widows the DHCP service offers default carry to register and update information for inheritance DHCP clients in DNS sector. DHCP integration facilitate a DHCP client that is incapable to dynamically update DNS sources records straightforwardly to have this information updated in DNS onward and undo lookup zones by the DHCP server.



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